NEW YORK (AP) -- A new study says Islam is expected to be the fastest-growing religion worldwide in the next four decades.
The report released Thursday by the Pew Research Center says that by 2050, Muslims are projected to nearly match Christians in both number and share of the global population.
The analysis is based on birth and death rates, immigration patterns and other information found in censuses and studies around the world. Christians will remain the largest group, with 2.92 billion adherents. Muslims are projected to reach 2.76 billion. Each group will be about 30 percent of the world population.
Much growth in Christianity and Islam will occur in Africa. Muslims are also expected to become 10 percent of Europe's population. In the U.S., Muslims are projected to outnumber Jews by mid-century.
Beautiful Mosques from around the world
Report: Islam fastest-growing major faith in coming decades
Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morrocco
Photo: Bashar Amin Shglila via Getty Images
Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, Israel
photo: Yoram Lehmann via Getty Images
Al-Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, Saudi Arabia
Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey
photo: TomasSereda via Getty Images
The Sheik Zayed Grand Mosque in United Arab Emirates , Abu Dhabi
photo: Joel Addams via Getty Images
The Great Mosque in Kano, Nigeria
photo: Diane Rawson via Getty Images
Masjid Sultan in Singapore
photo: MIXA via Getty Images
Imam Khomeini Mosque in Isfahan, Iran
photo: SEUX Paule/ hemis.fr via Getty Images
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Banda Aceh, Indonesia
photo: Igor Konovalov via Getty Images
The Grand Mosque of Paris, France
photo: Rrrainbow via Getty Images
Jalil Khayat Mosque in Erbil, Iraq
photo: Jane Sweeney via Getty Images
Putra Mosque in Putrajaya, Malaysia
photo: Arief Rasa via Getty Images
Malacca Straits Mosque in Melacca, Malaysia
Agha Bozog Mosque in Kashan, Iraq
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei