Rebuilding Gaza will take 20 years, group says

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Rebuilding Gaza will take 20 years, group says
Mohamed al-Remawi (2R) is helped by his friend Mohamed Labbad (R) as they come off a pile of rubble after looking in vain for important documents from Remawi's family at a high rise apartment building in Gaza City on August 26, 2014 after is was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight. The residents of the tower were warned to leave the building before the bombing took place. An Israeli air raid in Gaza killed two Palestinians as Israel pursued its campaign to stop rocket fire by Hamas militants from the enclave, medics said. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
Palestinian men watch as the rubble left from a collapsed building, that was targeted by Israeli airstrikes overnight, is cleared off a street in Gaza City on August 26, 2014. Israeli air strikes on Gaza City killed two Palestinians early Tuesday, while scores more were wounded when warplanes bombed two high-rise residential blocks, medics and witnesses said. The raids came as Israel stepped up the pressure on Hamas on day 50 of a bloody confrontation which began on July 8 and has claimed the lives of more than 2,100 Palestinians and 68 on the Israeli side. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
Palestinian men watch as the rubble left from a collapsed building that was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight is cleared off a street in Gaza City on August 26, 2014. Israeli air raids on Gaza City killed two Palestinians early in the morning while scores more were wounded when warplanes bombed two high-rise residential blocks, medics and witnesses said. The raids came as Israel stepped up the pressure on Hamas on day 50 of a bloody confrontation which began on July 8 and has claimed the lives of more than 2,100 Palestinians and 68 on the Israeli side. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
A Palestinian man walks past the toppled remains of a government school that was targeted by overnight Israeli air strikes on Gaza City on August 26, 2014. Israeli air raids on Gaza City killed two Palestinians while scores more were wounded when warplanes bombed two high-rise residential blocks, medics and witnesses said. The raids came as Israel stepped up the pressure on Hamas on day 50 of a bloody confrontation which began on July 8 and has claimed the lives of more than 2,100 Palestinians and 68 on the Israeli side. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
Palestinian children sit on a sidewalk as they wait for their parents to retrieve some of their family's belongings from a partially destroyed house across the street from a high rise apartment building in Gaza City (R) that was targeted by Israeli airstrikes overnight on August 26, 2014. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel since fighting started on July 8. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
A Palestinian man walks on the rubble of a high rise apartment building in Gaza City that was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel since fighting started on July 8. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
Residents of a partially destroyed house across the street from a high rise apartment building in Gaza City that was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014 collect some of their possesions as they move elsewhere to take refuge. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel since fighting started on July 8. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
A resident of a partially destroyed house across the street from a high rise apartment building in Gaza City that was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014 carries a bag and a pair of shoes. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel since fighting started on July 8. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
A Palestinian woman takes some of their belongings from her partially destroyed home across the street from where a high rise apartment building in Gaza City was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014. The residents of the tower were warned to leave the building before the bombing took place. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
A Palestinian woman gestures as she walks away from her partially destroyed home (not shown) carrying some of her belongings across the street where a high rise apartment building in Gaza City was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014. The residents of the tower were warned to leave the building before the bombing took place. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
Palestinians take some of their belongings from their partially destroyed home across from the street where a high rise apartment building in Gaza City was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014. The residents of the tower were warned to leave the building before the bombing took place. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
A Palestinian woman gets help from a boy as she takes some of her belongings from her partially destroyed home across the street from where a high rise apartment building in Gaza City was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014. The residents of the tower were warned to leave the building before the bombing took place. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
A Palestinian man looks from the door of his partially destroyed home at a high rise apartment building in Gaza City that was targeted by Israeli air strike overnight on August 26, 2014. The residents of the tower and the neighbourhood were warned to leave the area before the bombing took place. The UN estimates that about a quarter of the 1.8 million inhabitants of Gaza have been displaced by fighting between Hamas militants and Israel since fighting started on July 8. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
Palestinians walk at the base of what used to be a high rise apartment building in Gaza City that was targeted by Israeli air strikes overnight on August 26, 2014. The residents of the tower were warned to leave the building before the bombing took place. An Israeli air raid in Gaza killed two Palestinians, as Israel pursued its campaign to stop rocket fire by Hamas militants from the enclave, medics said. AFP PHOTO/ROBERTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images)
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By PETER ENAV

JERUSALEM (AP) - An international organization involved in assessing post-conflict reconstruction says it will take 20 years under current levels of restrictions to rebuild the Gaza Strip's battered and neglected housing stock following the war between Hamas and Israel.

Most of the new building would be to make up for the current housing deficit, rather than to address damage from fighting between Israel and Palestinian militants.

Meanwhile, appearing in a round of post-war interviews on Israeli TV channels, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel was not ready to return to the negotiating table with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas unless he distances himself from Hamas militants. Hamas and Abbas' Palestinian Authority have a unity government in Gaza.

Netanyahu has regularly condemned the formal Abbas-Hamas relationship.

The housing assessment by Shelter Cluster, chaired by the Norwegian Refugee Council with the participation of the U.N. refugee agency and the Red Cross, underscores the complexities involved in an overall reconstruction program for the Gaza Strip, which some Palestinian officials have estimated could cost in excess of $6 billion.

It is based on the current level of goods permitted to be moved from Israel to Gaza - a level that could easily be expanded, which would shorten the time needed to address the territory's housing needs.

Any effort to rebuild Gaza will be hindered by a blockade imposed by Egypt and Israel since the Islamic militant group Hamas seized power in 2007. Israel has severely restricted the import of concrete and other building materials into Gaza, fearing that militants will use them to build rockets and reinforce cross-border attack tunnels.

Egypt and Norway have raised the possibility of convening a Gaza donors' conference at some point next month, but no firm arrangements have been made.

With a population of 1.8 million, Gaza is a densely populated coastal strip of urban warrens and agricultural land that still bears the scars of previous rounds of fighting.

In its report issued late Friday, Shelter Cluster said 17,000 Gaza housing units were destroyed or severely damaged during this summer's war and 5,000 units still need work after damage sustained in the previous military campaigns. In addition, it says, Gaza has a housing deficit of 75,000 units.

Shelter Cluster said its 20-year assessment is based on the capacity of the main Israel-Gaza cargo crossing to handle 100 trucks of construction materials daily.

There was no immediate comment from the Israeli government agency responsible for operating the crossing on whether it had future plans to ease restrictions on goods going into Gaza.

Israel and Hamas agreed on Tuesday to an open-ended truce. The cease-fire brought an immediate end to the fighting but left key issues unresolved. Hamas immediately declared victory, even though it has very little to show for the war.

While Israel agreed to loosen its long-standing blockade to allow humanitarian aid and reconstruction materials into Gaza, many of the border restrictions will remain in place. Hamas, meanwhile, rejected Israel's demands that it disarm.

These deeper matters are only to be addressed in indirect talks in Egypt next month.

Mindful of Israel's concerns about Hamas, Britain, France and Germany have proposed the creation of an international mechanism to monitor goods going into Gaza. The goal of the mechanism would be insure that Hamas and other militant groups would not divert construction materials like iron and cement into weapons or weapons manufacturing facilities.

Netanyahu's comment on Abbas came amid continuing displeasure among leading Israeli Cabinet ministers on the conduct of the recently concluded war, with many saying he did not go far enough to neutralize Hamas's fighting ability.

Netanyahu rejected that criticism, but in an apparent nod to the pressure from his detractors said that Abbas will have to prove himself if he wants to be a partner in a diplomatic process.

"He has to choose," Netanyahu told Channel Two. "It's either yes to Hamas or no to Hamas."

The latest war began after three Israeli teens were killed in the West Bank by Hamas operatives in June, prompting Israel to arrest hundreds of Hamas members there. Rocket fire from Gaza on Israeli cities then escalated, and Israel launched a massive air and later ground campaign. The fighting lasted almost two months.

Egyptian mediators tried early on to get the sides to agree to a cease-fire. Several temporary truces were broken by Gaza militants.

Over 2,100 Palestinians, most civilians, died in the war. Israel lost 71 people, all but six of them soldiers.

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