Many cops do not live in the cities they police, should they?

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Many cops do not live in the cities they police, should they?
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 13: Police Chief Thomas Jackson fields questions related to the shooting death of teenager Michael Brown during a press conference on August 13, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri. Brown was shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer on Saturday. Ferguson has experienced three days of violent protests since the killing. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators raise their hands as they gather on West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of Michael Brown by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old unarmed teen was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Capt. Ronald Johnson (Front, 2nd R) of the Missouri State Highway Patrol, walks on West Florissant Avenue where demonstrators gather to protest the shooting death of Michael Brown by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old unarmed teen was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators raise gather at West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of Michael Brown by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old unarmed teen was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Capt. Ronald Johnson (3rd R) of the Missouri State Highway Patrol, is taken photo with a demonstrator on West Florissant Avenue during the protest over the shooting death of Michael Brown by a police officer, in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old unarmed teen was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Capt. Ronald Johnson (R) of the Missouri State Highway Patrol, talks to police officers standing outside a market where Michael Brown allegedly stole some cigars before being killed by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old unarmed teen was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators hold up signs as they gather at West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of Michael Brown by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old unarmed teen was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, UNITED STATES - AUGUST 15: Police Chief Ronald Johnson (C) speaks to media about the latest developments on killing of Michael Brown by police nearly a week ago in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, United States on August 15, 2014. Police in Ferguson have changed their procedure for dealing with the protests after being chastised for a heavy-handed approach which has resulted in four days of violence. Police cars and officers on foot led the way during a protest march. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
Demonstrators raise their hands as they protest the shooting death of 18-year-old Michael Brown on August 15, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri. Michael Brown was killed in broad daylight on August 9, 2014, with witnesses and law enforcement providing conflicting accounts of how the 18-year-old lost his life. AFP PHOTO / Joshua LOTT (Photo credit should read Joshua LOTT/AFP/Getty Images)
Attorney Daryl D. Parks speaks about the shooting death of 18-year-old Michael Brown during a news conference as Brown's stepfather Louis Head (2nd-R/blue shirt) and cousin Eric Davis (3rd-R/orange shirt), a cousin of Michael Brown, look on August 15, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri. Michael Brown was killed in broad daylight on August 9, 2014 , with witnesses and law enforcement providing conflicting accounts of how the 18-year-old lost his life. AFP PHOTO / Joshua LOTT (Photo credit should read Joshua LOTT/AFP/Getty Images)
Demonstrators protest the shooting death of 18-year-old Michael Brown on August 15, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri. Michael Brown was killed in broad daylight on August 9, 2014, with witnesses and law enforcement providing conflicting accounts of how the 18-year-old lost his life. AFP PHOTO / Joshua LOTT (Photo credit should read Joshua LOTT/AFP/Getty Images)
Stills from camera http://t.co/FEcmKc3oGr
More from report http://t.co/7OyD2fgrI2
Page from police report http://t.co/xcz6nUKqY2
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators raise their hands during a rally on West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of an unarmed teen by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old Michael Brown was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators raise their hands during a rally on West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of an unarmed teen by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old Michael Brown was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 13: Police Chief Thomas Jackson fields questions related to the shooting death of teenager Michael Brown during a press conference on August 13, 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri. Brown was shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer on Saturday. Ferguson has experienced three days of violent protests since the killing. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators take part in a rally on West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of an unarmed teen by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old Michael Brown was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators take part in a rally on West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of an unarmed teen by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old Michael Brown was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
FERGUSON, MO - AUGUST 15: Demonstrators wearing Guy Fawkes masks, raise their hands during a rally on West Florissant Avenue to protest the shooting death of an unarmed teen by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on August 15, 2014. Eighteen-year-old Michael Brown was shot dead by police in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson, Missouri on August 09, 2014. (Photo by Bilgin S. Sasmaz/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - SEPTEMBER 04: U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder leaves a news conference after announcing the Justice Department will launch a 'patterns and practice' investigation of the Ferguson, Missouri, police department at the department's headquarters September 4, 2014 in Washington, DC. Holder announced a federal civil rights investigation of the Furguson, Missouri, police department after white officer Darren Wilson from shot and killed unarmed black teenager Michale Brown last month. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
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By RYAN GORMAN

The August 9 shooting of unarmed black teen Michael Brown by Ferguson police, and subsequent shooting of another black male by white police only miles away in St. Louis has raised a number of questions about how police relate to the communities they serve.

U.S. Census data shows that many urban police do not live where they work, and a majority of those opting for the suburbs are white cops. Would forcing those cops to live where they work change how they behave on the job?

First pointed out by FiveThirtyEight, data from the 19 biggest police departments, plus St. Louis, shows that a significant number of cops commute like other officer workers. The cities they work in are their offices, not their homes.

Less than half of all white cops (45 percent) in New York, by far the nation's largest police force, live within the city's five boroughs. But 77 percent of all black cops live in the city. Just under two-thirds (62 percent) of all officers reside in the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens or Staten Island.

Nearly all Chicago cops, 88 percent, live within the city. But among other large metropolises, the drop-off becomes much more pronounced.

Only 15 percent of white LAPD officers live in Los Angeles. A meager six percent of Washington, D.C. police live within the capitol. In nearly all instances, minority police tend to live in their cities more often than their white counterparts.

That trend breaks only in San Francisco and Atlanta.

Twenty-six percent of all white San Francisco cops live inside the city compared to 19 percent of black officers. Nineteen percent of white Atlanta police live in the city and only 10 percent of black Atlanta cops call Georgia's biggest city home.

The most staggering difference occurs in Detroit, where only eight percent of white officers live compared to 57 percent of black police.

An AOL chart below shows the disparities in the 19 biggest police departments in the city, plus St. Louis. In many cases, it isn't even close.

This difference may or may not lead to the racial tensions seen in many cities, but it is worth considering. Especially in Ferguson, a city where the population is more than 70 percent black but only 11 percent of its cops are.


Related links:
OKC cop accused of rape, sexual assault of at least 7 women during traffic stops
Timeline: Michael Brown's death and the chaotic weeks in Ferguson that followed
St. Louis police identify the black male shot dead by cops only miles from Ferguson----
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