The Men Who Run BP
LONDON -- In this series, I'm assessing the boardrooms of companies within the FTSE 100. Management can make all the difference to a company's success -- and thus its share price.
My first piece looked at the board of Barclays as it was thrust into the LIBOR rate-fixing scandal. Today I am looking at BP (ISE: BP.L) , which dealt with its own major crisis: the Gulf of Mexico disaster in 2010.
As BP maneuvers and negotiates with the multitude of interested parties over the future of its Russian joint venture, TNK-BP, shareholders will need to rely on a cool and collected board. BP's interest is estimated at around 20 billion pounds or so -- a quarter of the company's market cap -- and it accounts for 30% of BP's production.
Here are the key directors:
Chief financial officer
Chief executive, refining and marketing
Vice president, corporate business activities
BP has four full-time executive directors, in contrast to many FTSE 100 companies, which have only two: a CEO and a finance director. In addition, it has 10 nonexecutive directors, making for a total board of 15. It includes two women. (This series is just barely misnamed as "The Men Who Run...")
Lightweights, or the right mates?
Carl-Henric Svanberg became chairman on Jan. 1, 2010. He is the former CEO of Ericsson and was seen by many as a relatively lightweight appointment. His predecessor, Peter Sutherland, was a former Irish attorney general and European Commissioner with an impressive CV of international business and NGO roles.
Svanberg was criticized for his low-key involvement in the Gulf of Mexico crisis control and for additionally taking on the chairmanship of Volvo in his native Sweden at the end of 2011. Some analysts thought it was a sign he would ease out of the BP role.
Bob Dudley took over the reins after Tony Hayward resigned in the wake of the Gulf oil spill. Many saw Hayward as working to fix the excessive cost-cutting and dictatorial style that characterized the era of his predecessor, Lord Browne -- an era which was identified as a root cause for BP's poor safety culture.
Dudley has been at his post just nine months, so it's too soon to assess his performance. But it looks as though his tenure will be characterized by big deals. A veteran American oil man who has worked extensively in Russia, he was credited with boosting TNK-BP's output by a third while serving as its CEO. And he wasn't shy of confrontation. In the sometimes wild and dangerous world of Russian big money, he was forced to leave the country, but he ran the JV from abroad for five months.
Brian Gilvary is a career BP man, in contrast to most FTSE 100 finance directors, who served time in the accounting profession. The other two executive directors have similar backgrounds. The nonexecs have a mixed background in business (other than oil), finance, and engineering.
I analyze management teams from five different angles to help work out a verdict. Here's my assessment:
Score (out of 5)
1. Reputation -- Management CVs and track record.
2. Performance -- Success at the company.
3. Board composition-- Skills, experience, and balance.
4. Remuneration -- Fairness of pay and link to performance.
5. Directors' holdings -- Compared to their pay.
Overall, BP's board scores 16 out of 25 for me, which I think will put it in the top half of the FTSE 100.
The chairman perhaps doesn't have the weight or political connections that a global oil company needs. That could be a problem if things get sticky in Russia. And it would be reassuring to have a conventional FD. But overall, the board seems to be a group of people who know how to run the business.
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