My preschooler is now a homeowner, and other tales of fraud
According to the Treasury Department, however, 4-year-olds (and other individuals incapable of legally signing a purchase agreement) don't count.
In an Internal Audit Report meant to assess the 2008 filings in anticipation of a surge in claims for the 2009 tax season, as many as 90,000 claims were determined to be potentially ineligible, and 528 of those were to homebuyers under 18.
The federal tax credit for first-time homebuyers is $8,000.
Out of 1.1 million total claims made by July 17, 2009, this is certainly not an epidemic; but it's a lot of money, as much as $700 million paid out to taxpayers who didn't deserve the credit.
Among the questionable tax credits were those for individuals who hadn't yet closed the sale of their home (more than 19,000) and those who hadn't filed the correct form, or had income in excess of the eligibility requirements.
By far the largest area of potential fraud was predictable: taxpayers who had owned a primary residence in the past three years, 73,799 of 'em. Most of them had claimed mortgage interest, homeowners insurance, or real estate taxes on their past three years' tax filings, and some had even claimed mortgage points, meaning they had purchased a home or had it refinanced within the period.
But most entertaining (and minor in quantity) were the first-time homebuyer credits claimed by children. There were 582 claimants under the age of 18, old enough to pay taxes but not old enough, as the report says dryly, to buy a home.
"Contract law generally exempts children under the age of 18 from being bound by the terms of a contract. Therefore, it is unlikely that these taxpayers would have entered into an arms-length transaction for the purchase of a home," the report states.
The youngest "taxpayers" receiving a tax credit were 4. In other words, more than one family decided to claim a home "purchased" by their preschooler.
Please prosecute these parents.
A footnote to the under-18 section of the report was that 165 of the children who claimed an income tax credit were making in excess of the income requirements, in other words, over $75,000 (I'm just going to assume than none of them were married, even though this may be a bad assumption if their babysitting charges are claiming, too). At least we know they could afford to buy a home!
Though the report is only meant to highlight the automatic screening that should be put into place for the 2009 filing season -- along with a recommendation that the IRS require homeowners to submit proof of the purchase of a home with their return (something that was not required in the 2008 tax season) -- it exposes a subset of taxpayers who are so unethical and, well, ruthless, that they'd eagerly file tax returns claiming a number of lies to reduce their tax exposure.
I'd guess a minority of the 165 taxpayers who claimed a homeowner's credit with income in excess of $75,000 actually earned that money in a job; after all, just how many teenagers are there who make more than an average professional's salary?
As for the normal, law-abiding taxpayer seeking to claim the credit, the new screening recommendations will mean you may be required to submit more documentation. And if you've claimed any homeowner-related tax credits in the past three years, you'll likely be screened out of the system.