'Professional Tenants' and How Not to Fall Victim to Them
Let me give you the profile of what I mean by a typical Professional Tenant. (This is a generalization based on my professional experience.)
- They have history of litigation, evictions and/or delinquency with prior landlords.
- They have a surprising (and dangerous) knowledge of local landlord-tenant law.
- They often have a background in real estate, engineering, contracting or law.
- They have marginal to poor credit, with a prior history of collections, judgments or bankruptcies.
- They have gaps in rental history.
- They have non-existent or incomplete prior landlord references.
The Professional Tenant's Scheme
Shortly after moving in, the Professional Tenant will start to complain about small issues with the rental property. Some will complain to the local board of health to have the landlord cited for%VIRTUAL-pullquote-Professional rental screening techniques, experience and common sense instincts will help a landlord avoid a Professional Tenant.% code violations. Often the tenant has caused these very code violations -- bathroom mold is a common situation. (Most state Sanitary Codes can trip up even the most conscientious landlord.) Based on the code violations, the Professional Tenant will stop paying rent, claiming that they are "withholding rent" due to bad property conditions. Under Massachusetts law, for example, a tenant can legally withhold rent for even the most innocuous code violations and there is no rent escrow requirement. The Professional Tenant will also assert that the landlord violated the local last-month-rent and security-deposit law, and ask for their deposit back, trying to set up the landlord for a hefty legal claim. In Massachusetts, tenants can win triple damages for deposit law violations.
In the meantime, months may pass before the landlord will realize that they are being set up. The landlord will have repaired the minor code issues, only to have the tenant call the board of health again and again. The landlord is forced to start eviction proceedings, only to be met with a slew of counterclaims and defenses from the Professional Tenant. The Professional Tenant will then send the landlord a myriad of document requests and interrogatories which will often delay the eviction hearing. Months and thousands of dollars in attorneys' fees later, the landlord finally gets his day in court. And the Professional Tenant doesn't show up, leaving the landlord with a worthless judgment for thousands in unpaid rent -- and a trashed apartment.
How Can Landlords Avoid the Professional Tenant?
Professional rental screening techniques, experience and common sense instincts will help a landlord avoid a Professional Tenant. My advice to landlords is to make screening the most important thing you do as a landlord, and do the following:
- Invest in good credit history checks.
- Follow up with landlord references for all applicants. Call the past landlords and talk to them!
- Check and verify employment information.
- Check prior bankruptcies and court dockets.
- Personally interview all tenants and size them up!
- If someone seems fishy, they probably are. Trust your instincts!