ENDA (Banning Sexual Orientation Discrimination) Passes In Senate. What Will It Mean If It Becomes Law?

Rainbow flag at Harvey Milk Plaza, San Francisco, California
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ENDA is the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, and the Senate just passed it. I wouldn't get too excited yet, because unless Republicans lose their majority in the House in the midterm elections we aren't likely to see this become law anytime soon. Still, I thought it would be worthwhile to discuss what the law will do (and what it won't do) if passed in the House and signed into law:

Employers: Like Title VII, which prohibits race, sex, national origin, color, and religious discrimination, ENDA will apply only to employers with 15 or more employees. Also like Title VII, it will not apply to religious organizations. The armed forces are also exempt. It does apply to federal, state, and local governments, unions, and employment agencies.