Natural Gas Versus Diesel: the Truth About Fuel Prices

The latest fears of a U.S.-led military intervention into Syria will very likely push oil prices higher, especially if Fool contributor Matthew DiLallo's concerns become a reality:

Some have suggested that the price of oil could rise to over $150 a barrel, which would be above the all-time high it set at the dawn of the financial crisis. As it did then, an oil price spike of that magnitude would send shock waves through the still fragile, global economy.

And while this could happen, the key is that oil will remain volatile. Natural gas prices, however, are much more local, and while volatile, has less impact on the price at the pump. Factor in the much lower cost of natural gas-per-gallon equivalent, and there's a strong incentive for shippers to move away from diesel, and toward natural gas. Are there investing opportunities to be had? Let's take a look.

The value of predictability and stability
Below are the spot prices of both crude oil and natural gas from the beginning of 1997:

Brent Crude Oil Spot Price Chart
Brent Crude Oil Spot Price Chart

Brent Crude Oil Spot Price data by YCharts

Both fuels have large amounts of volatility. However, natural gas' volatility is a product of domestic conditions, while oil prices are based on the international market. Domestic natural gas price fluctuation is a product of supply and demand, where oil prices have been, in many cases, driven by political factors, specifically OPEC's control over a significant amount of the world's supply. And while oil has continued to trend higher over the past 16 years, natural gas is actually cheaper today than it was in 1997.

Natural gas' secret weapon: It doesn't matter as much

Natural gas and oil prices are not the end game for what you pay at the pump. Natural gas' commodity price is a much smaller portion of the final retail price as compared to oil, by a factor of about half. Andrew Littlefair, CEO of Clean Energy Fuels described this during the most recent earnings call. Below is a slightly paraphrased version:

You get 7 gallons per Mcf, so your commodity per-gallon is about 47 cents as we sit here today ... You have to haul it, store it, so I've always said to add about a dollar, a dollar ten ... so that puts you at the nozzle tip at $1.50, $1.60, and you're competing with diesel at $4.00. So there's a lot of room in there to share with the customer, and some room for us. You just have to do the math.

And the math makes it pretty clear why natural gas is so compelling. The cost of the commodity itself could double, and the cost "at the pump" would still be just over $2.00 per gallon. Add in 30% margin, and $2.60 per gallon competes pretty strongly with $4.00 diesel. As Matthew DiLallo mentions in the article linked at the top, gas and diesel prices are about 2/3 based on oil, compared to about 1/3 of the price for natural gas.

America's Natural Gas Highway (ANGH) and first mover advantage
Clean Energy Fuels has invested heavily in making this cost benefit usable for the trucking industry, with nearly 80 of its more than 150 planned ANGH stations built and ready to open, through its partnership with privately held Pilot Flying J. Pilot Flying J operates more than 600 truck and rest stops in North America, and this build out puts Clean Energy Fuels and Pilot Flying J well in front of the competition.

It wasn't until this past April that any of the major oil companies even made a move to invest in natural gas for trucking, with Royal Dutch Shell and TravelCenters of America announcing plans to open "up to 100" LNG stations at existing TA and Petro locations. By the time of the announcement, Clean Energy Fuels had already completed more than 70 stations.

Final thoughts
If Shell and TravelCenters choose to delay expansion into LNG, it's back to the "chicken or the egg" problem. However, Clean Energy Fuels has invested in the future. If you're looking to grab a winner in the natural gas game, Clean Energy Fuels is the way to go.

Think the days of $100 oil are gone? Think again. In fact, the market is heading in that direction now. But for investors that are positioned to profit from the return of $100 oil, it can't come soon enough. To help investors get rich off of rising oil prices, our top analysts prepared a free report that reveals three stocks that are bound to soar as oil prices climb higher. To discover the identities of these stocks instantly, access your free report by clicking here now.

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Jason Hall owns shares of Clean Energy Fuels. The Motley Fool recommends Clean Energy Fuels. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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