Billions in Welfare: Cash for Corporations and Their CEOs

Billions in Welfare: Cash for Corporations and Their CEOs

Many Americans take umbrage at the word "welfare," immediately associating the term with individuals who want handouts more than honest work. However, when talking about government gimmes, few consider the billions of dollars given to some of the some of the biggest public companies over the course of the last 20 years.

Given our high unemployment rate, it's far more difficult to justify the belief that individuals receiving government benefits are simply taxpayer money sponges. Americans who are looking for work or taking part-time jobs out of desperation certainly may need some government help just to get by.

The description "working poor" exists for a reason. But what about the working wealthy, who -- one way or another -- siphon resources from the rest of us?

What's ours is theirs. And what's shareholders' is theirs, too. Sometimes, it seems like everything is theirs, and our government helps them have it.

The picture of weak competition in the marketplace: competing for contracts
The Institute for Policy Studies recently released a 20-year analysis of CEO pay, "Bailed Out, Booted, Busted." The report highlights egregious examples of pay for nonperformance. It also covers how corporations and their top managements receive what can be called major government assists.

Of the 25 companies whose CEOs ranked high on IPS' 20-year analysis, five turn up on the list of the 100 biggest government contractors.

Lockheed Martin, United Technologies, IBM , General Electric, and Honeywell are the specific companies identified in the review. All told, these companies have collectively raked in $671 billion in federal contracts within the time frame.

Given the federal government's role as a significant benefactor to companies like these, it does have a cap of $763,000 in base pay for each CEO. However, in an epic fail, bonuses and stock options aren't included in that ceiling.

The loophole that weakens the fabric
There are other ways chief executives can push more of a burden onto ordinary taxpayers; somebody has to foot the bill for public services. Gaping loopholes allow chief executives to bank benefits. One allows companies to deduct unlimited amounts related to stock options and other ways CEOs make big bucks.

IPS underlines the fact that this creates an environment in which the higher a CEO's compensation is, the less the taxman can take. Meanwhile, the Economic Policy Institute calculated that tax-deductible portions of such pay shrank federal Treasury collection by $30.4 billion between 2007 and 2010. Those were significant years in terms of economic struggles -- and financial burdens -- faced by regular Americans across the nation.

The report highlights the ways that CEOs' compensation benefited from this loophole across the board, not just contractors' leaders' pay. IPS also made a list that illustrated overlap in two areas: the 25 highest-paid CEOs and the top 100 U.S. government contractors. IBM takes the cake, having made both lists for 11 years. General Electric has had simultaneous rankings for eight. United Technologies has made it for six years, and Lockheed Martin comes close behind with five years.

One recent event brings the tenure issue to the forefront. recently won a coveted CIA contract worth $600 million. Longtime government contractors have balked. IBM has specifically fought the decision, citing its lengthy contractor status.

Amazon is fighting back, which some say has more to do with its efforts to prove itself as a contender in this area than with the contract itself. Amazon's entry into this area is a double-edged sword, but it would also upend some of the old-school companies that have gained hundreds of billions from their long tenures as contractors.

Reality checks and balances
The IPS report includes a scorecard that points out several ways outrageous CEO pay could come back to earth, particularly when poor performance and distorted competitive playing fields create costs that shareholders -- and citizens -- shouldn't appreciate.

In my last column, I touched on a pending Securities & Exchange commission rule that would finally require disclosure of the CEO-to-worker pay ratio at public companies. Yet another remedy would be, of course, closing the loophole that allows many chief executives to take in even greater amounts of money.

The Stop Subsidizing Multimillion Dollar Corporate Bonuses (S. 1746) and the Income Equity Act (H.R. 199) bills aim to close the kind of loopholes that shield a precious few Americans from paying significant tax bills on their sizable income.

Vote for change
Some shareholder resolutions take aim -- a few quite successfully -- at some of the biggest issues in corporate governance and CEO pay. In coming years, shareholders will hopefully vote for more and more shareholder resolutions that seek to control outrageous CEO pay. That includes us.

The fact that some pay puts more of a burden on taxpayers is an issue all Americans should think about. Shareholders should think about it even more.

One of the safest ways to view long-term investing is to buy and hold great companies for the long haul. The ones that can siphon off government goodies in various ways aren't exactly bastions of the truly market-based competitive landscape.

We haven't even touched on lobbying and political expenditures, either. There are many ways corporate managements can, and do, distort the marketplace -- granted, with the government's help.

Regardless, welfare comes in many forms. While people rail about the will (or lack thereof) to fully participate in a workplace that should value hard work, performance, and free enterprise, many gigantic companies aren't exactly playing fair. This dubious form of welfare is taking from many and giving to the few.

It's not good for long-term shareholders, and it's not fair for regular taxpayers.

Check back at for more of Alyce Lomax's columns on environmental, social, and governance issues.

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Alyce Lomax has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends The Motley Fool owns shares of, General Electric Company, International Business Machines, and Lockheed Martin. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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