Why the Dow Is Higher Today

Blue-chip stocks are headed higher this afternoon on the heels of Friday's better-than-expected jobs report and in anticipation of second-quarter earnings season. As of 2:35 p.m. EDT, the Dow Jones Industrial Average is up by 89 points, or 0.59%.

It's safe to say that last week ended on a high note. The Department of Labor released data showing that a total of 195,000 jobs were created in June. This soundly beat the consensus forecast, which called for a gain of 155,000 jobs, and it was the third-best June jobs report in the last 15 years.

As my colleague Morgan Housel noted at the time, "Bad news for the end-of-the-world crowd: June's jobs report was released Friday, and it was pretty good."

But while this was unquestionably good news for the economy, it wreaked havoc in the bond market. Yields on the benchmark 10-year Treasury bond shot above 2.7% -- the highest rate in nearly two years. And there was a veritable slaughter in the mortgage market, with the interest rate on a conventional 30-year fixed-rate mortgage beginning to approach the 5% level.

In terms of stocks, we've seen the brunt of this "re-pricing" hit mortgage REITs, which hold portfolios of mortgage-backed securities, the values of which move inversely to long-term interest rates. Since May 22 -- that is, the day the Federal Reserve triggered the flight from bonds by intimating that it'll begin to reduce its support for the economy -- shares of Annaly Capital Management and American Capital Agency , the two largest players in this space, have plummeted by 20.7% and 40.2%, respectively.

That being said, for at least the next few weeks, analysts' focus will be on second-quarter earnings season, which unofficially kicks off today when Alcoa reports its results after the closing bell. Analysts expect the aluminum giant to earn $0.06 per share, roughly in line with the same quarter of last year, on $5.86 billion in revenue -- a 1.7% year-over-year decline.

While Alcoa has long been considered an economic bellwether, and its earnings are assumed to "set the tone" for earnings season, there's less and less reason to believe that this still holds true. According to The Wall Street Journal: "The company is still economically significant and is the first Dow component to report. The vagaries of the aluminum market mean, though, that it isn't the industrial bellwether of yore." Thus, per the story's lede, "It is not only cliche that [Alcoa] 'sets the tone' for earnings season -- it is also no longer really true."

In terms of Dow stocks, the biggest mover today is Intel , down 3.9% after investment bank Evercore Partners downgraded the chip maker's stock from "equal weight" to "underweight." An analyst at the firm cut his price target on Intel from $22 per share to $20 a share based on his opinion that tablets are cannibalizing PC sales -- Intel's bread and butter -- and reducing demand from emerging markets.

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The article Why the Dow Is Higher Today originally appeared on Fool.com.

John Maxfield owns shares of Intel. The Motley Fool recommends Intel. The Motley Fool owns shares of Intel. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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