eBay Inc. Reports Strong First Quarter 2013 Results

eBay Inc. Reports Strong First Quarter 2013 Results

Double-digit growth in revenue and net income, with customer growth accelerating at Marketplaces and PayPal

Total Company Enabled Commerce Volume Up 19% Year over Year

SAN JOSE, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Global commerce platform and payments leader eBay Inc. (NAS: EBAY) today reported that revenue for the first quarter ended March 31, 2013, increased 14% to $3.7 billion, compared to the same period of 2012. The company reported first quarter net income on a GAAP basis of $677 million, or $0.51 per diluted share, and non-GAAP net income of $829 million, or $0.63 per diluted share. The year-over-year increase in first quarter GAAP and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share was driven primarily by strong top-line growth.

Downloads of eBay Inc.'s suite of mobile apps expanded the company's overall commerce footprint, surpassing 162 million since launch in the third quarter of 2008. eBay Inc. gained approximately 2.8 million new customers in the period through mobile, driving double-digit growth in active users at both PayPal and Marketplaces. Total company "enabled commerce volume" (ECV) grew 19% totaling $49 billion (ECV equals Marketplaces GMV, PayPal Merchant Services TPV, and GSI GeC Merchandise Sales not earned on eBay or paid for via PayPal or Bill Me Later).

"We had a strong first quarter, with accelerating user growth across both Marketplaces and PayPal, and with GSI enabling their retail clients to grow faster than ecommerce," said John Donahoe, eBay Inc. President and CEO. "Technology is creating a commerce revolution, and we are in the forefront with strong mobile leadership and a focus on helping retailers and brands engage consumers anytime, anywhere."

The company's PayPal business delivered strong first quarter performance with revenue increasing 18% to $1.5 billion. PayPal gained 5 million active registered accounts in the period and ended the quarter with 128 million, a 16% increase. PayPal's net total payment volume (TPV) grew 21% to $41 billion, driven by consumer and merchant use of PayPal both on and off eBay. PayPal continues to invest in growing its addressable market, product development, customer engagement and consumer awareness. The company's mobile payment solution for small business, PayPal Here, became available for sale at more than 2,700 SoftBank locations across Japan and the iPad version of the product was launched in the U.S. PayPal also announced the chip and PIN version of PayPal Here in the U.K. which it plans to roll out this summer. PayPal's offline initiatives are now live in almost 20,000 major retail locations in the U.S.

The company's Marketplaces business also delivered strong first quarter performance with revenue increasing 13% to $2.0 billion. Marketplaces gained 3.9 million active users in the period and ended the quarter with 116 million, a 13% increase. Gross merchandise volume (GMV), excluding vehicles, increased 13% to $18 billion, reflecting the continued improvements to eBay's core technology designed to make it easier and faster for consumers to shop and buy. Sold items increased 12%. Fixed price GMV grew 17% globally and represented 68% of total GMV. U.S. GMV, excluding vehicles, increased 16% as mobile engagement and momentum in fashion and tickets were key drivers of growth. International GMV, excluding vehicles, increased 11% to $11 billion. Marketplaces continues to invest in innovation and expanding its addressable market both locally and globally.

The company's GSI Commerce business contributed $236 million in revenue for the first quarter. Its enterprise commerce platform generated $807 million in global ecommerce (GeC) Merchandise Sales, while its marketing services fee business produced $50 million of revenue. GSI enabled its clients to grow faster than the ecommerce market as measured by the 16% same stores sales growth, but revenue was pressured by a reduction in take rate. The company expects GSI's integrated omnichannel product portfolio, including complementary eBay Inc. assets, to be increasingly adopted by merchants seeking opportunities to grow their businesses while seamlessly meeting the needs of their consumers.


First Quarter 2013 Financial Highlights (presented in millions, except per share data and percentages)

 First Quarter 
  2013 2012 Change
eBay Inc.        
Net revenue $3,748 $3,277 $471  14%

Enabled commerce volume (ECV)

 $48,795 $41,152 $7,643  19%
Net income $677 $570 $107  19%
Earnings per diluted share $0.51 $0.44 $0.07  16%
Net income $829 $725 $104  14%
Earnings per diluted share $0.63 $0.55 $0.08  14%
  First Quarter  
  2013 2012 Change
Business Units        
Net revenue $1,548 $1,309 $239  18%
Net total payment volume $41,040 $33,857 $7,183  21%
Merchant Services $28,087 $22,433 $5,654  25%
On eBay $12,953 $11,424 $1,529  13%
Net revenue $1,957 $1,728 $229  13%
Gross merchandise volume (GMV), excl. vehicles $18,326 $16,206 $2,120  13%
U.S. GMV $7,364 $6,366 $998  16%
International GMV $10,962 $9,840 $1,122  11%
Net revenue $236 $237 $(1) %
GeC Merchandise Sales $807 $715 $92  13%

Other Selected Financial Results

  • Operating margin — GAAP operating margin increased to 21.3% for the first quarter of 2013, compared to 19.9% for the same period last year. Non-GAAP operating margin increased to 27.4% in the first quarter, compared to 26.9% for the same period last year.
  • Taxes — The GAAP effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2013 was 16%, compared to 17% for the first quarter of 2012. For the first quarter of 2013 and 2012, the non-GAAP effective tax rate was 20% for both periods.
  • Cash flow — The company generated $937 million of operating cash flow and $638 million of free cash flow during the first quarter of 2013.
  • Stock repurchase program — The company repurchased approximately $476 million of its common stock in the first quarter of 2013.
  • Cash and cash equivalents and non-equity investments — The company's cash and cash equivalents and non-equity investments portfolio totaled $11.5 billion at both March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

Business Outlook

  • Second quarter 2013 — eBay expects net revenues in the range of $3,800 - $3,900 million with GAAP earnings per diluted share in the range of $0.46 - $0.48 and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share in the range of $0.61 - $0.63.
  • Full year 2013 — eBay expects net revenues in the range of $16,000- $16,500 million with GAAP earnings per diluted share in the range of $2.23 - $2.29 and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share in the range of $2.70 - $2.75.

Quarterly Conference Call

eBay will host a conference call to discuss first quarter 2013 results at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time today. A live webcast of the conference call, together with a slide presentation that includes supplemental financial information and reconciliations of certain non-GAAP measures to their nearest comparable GAAP measures, can be accessed through the company's Investor Relations website at http://investor.ebayinc.com. In addition, an archive of the webcast will be accessible for 90 days through the same link.

About eBay Inc.

Founded in 1995 in San Jose, Calif., eBay Inc. (NAS: EBAY) is a global commerce platform and payments leader connecting millions of buyers and sellers. We do so through eBay, the world's largest online marketplace, which allows users to buy and sell in nearly every country on earth; through PayPal, which enables individuals and businesses to securely, easily and quickly send and receive digital payments; and through GSI, which facilitates ecommerce, multichannel retailing and digital marketing for global enterprises. X.commerce harnesses the developer community of Magento, an ecommerce platform, by providing technology solutions and eBay Inc. capabilities to merchants of all sizes, supporting eBay Inc.'s mission of enabling commerce. We also reach millions through specialized marketplaces such as StubHub, the world's largest ticket marketplace, and eBay classifieds sites, which together have a presence in more than 1,000 cities around the world. For more information about the company and its global portfolio of online brands, visit www.ebayinc.com.


All growth rates represent year over year comparisons, except as otherwise noted. All amounts in tables are presented in U.S. dollars, rounded to the nearest millions, except as otherwise noted. As a result, certain amounts may not sum or recalculate using the rounded dollar amounts provided.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release includes the following financial measures defined as "non-GAAP financial measures" by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP earnings per diluted share, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP effective tax rate and free cash flow. These measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The presentation of this financial information, which is not prepared under any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles, is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). For a reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures, see "Business Outlook," "Non-GAAP Measures of Financial Performance," "Reconciliation of GAAP Operating Margin to Non-GAAP Operating Margin," "Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income to Non-GAAP Net Income and Reconciliation of GAAP Effective Tax Rate to Non-GAAP Effective Tax Rate" and "Reconciliation of Operating Cash Flow to Free Cash Flow" included in this press release.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements relating to, among other things, the future performance of eBay and its consolidated subsidiaries that are based on the company's current expectations, forecasts and assumptions and involve risks and uncertainties. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding expected financial results for the second quarter and full year 2013, and the future growth in the Payments, Marketplaces and GSI businesses, mobile payments and mobile commerce. The company's actual results could differ materially from those predicted or implied and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to: changes in political, business and economic conditions, including any European or general economic downturn or crisis and any conditions that affect ecommerce growth; fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates; the company's ability to profitably integrate, manage and grow businesses that have been acquired recently or may be acquired in the future; the company's need to successfully react to the increasing importance of mobile payments and mobile commerce and the increasing social aspect of commerce; the company's ability to deal with the increasingly competitive ecommerce environment, including competition for its sellers from other trading sites and other means of selling, and competition for its buyers from other merchants, online and offline; the company's need to manage an increasingly large enterprise with a broad range of businesses of varying degrees of maturity and in many different geographies; the effect of management changes and business initiatives; the company's need and ability to manage other regulatory, tax and litigation risks as its services are offered in more jurisdictions and applicable laws become more restrictive; any changes the company may make to its product offerings; the competitive, regulatory, credit card association-related and other risks specific to PayPal and Bill Me Later, especially as PayPal continues to expand geographically and introduce new products and as new laws and regulations related to financial services companies come into effect; the company's ability to timely upgrade and develop its systems, infrastructure and customer service capabilities, including GSI's v.11 initiative, at reasonable cost; and the company's ability to maintain site stability and performance on all of its sites while adding new products and features in a timely fashion. The forward-looking statements in this release do not include the potential impact of any acquisitions or divestitures that may be announced and/or completed after the date hereof.

More information about factors that could affect the company's operating results is included under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in the company's most recent annual report on Form 10-K and subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, copies of which may be obtained by visiting the company's Investor Relations website at http://investor.ebayinc.com or the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. Undue reliance should not be placed on the forward-looking statements in this release, which are based on information available to the company on the date hereof. eBay assumes no obligation to update such statements.

eBay Inc.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

March 31,


December 31,

(In millions)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$6,530$6,817
Short-term investments2,8722,591
Accounts receivable, net743822
Loans and interest receivable, net2,1502,160
Funds receivable and customer accounts8,8978,094
Other current assets1,144 914
Total current assets22,33621,398
Long-term investments3,1723,044
Property and equipment, net2,5752,491
Intangible assets, net1,0231,128
Other assets439 476
Total assets$38,000 $37,074
Current liabilities:
Short-term debt$411$413
Accounts payable308301
Funds payable and amounts due to customers8,8978,094
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities1,8851,916
Deferred revenue149137
Income taxes payable70 63
Total current liabilities11,72010,924
Deferred and other tax liabilities, net832972
Long-term debt4,1054,106
Other liabilities231 207
Total liabilities16,888 16,209
Total stockholders' equity21,112 20,865
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$38,000 $37,074
eBay Inc.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income
 Three Months Ended March 31,
2013 2012
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Net revenues$3,748$3,277
Cost of net revenues (1)1,152 983 
Gross profit2,596 2,294 
Operating expenses:
Sales and marketing (1)697677
Product development (1)434374
General and administrative (1)408372
Provision for transaction and loan losses175134
Amortization of acquired intangible assets82 84 
Total operating expenses1,796 1,641 
Income from operations800653
Interest and other, net9 31 
Income before income taxes809684
Provision for income taxes(132)(114)
Net income$677 $570 
Net income per share:
Basic$0.52 $0.44 
Diluted$0.51 $0.44 
Weighted average shares:
Basic1,295 1,288 
Diluted1,319 1,308 
(1) Includes stock-based compensation as follows:
Cost of net revenues$13$14
Sales and marketing3330
Product development3230
General and administrative33 37 
$111 $111 
eBay Inc.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
 Three Months Ended March 31,
2013 2012
(In millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$677$570
Provision for transaction and loan l
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