Genie Energy Ltd. Reports Fourth Quarter and Year End 2012 Results
NEWARK, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Genie Energy Ltd. (NYSE: GNE, GNEPRA) reported EBITDA and income from operations of $1.9 million and net income attributable to common stockholders of $1.8 million for the fourth quarter, the three months ended December 31, 2012. For the full year 2012, Genie Energy reported EBITDA of $3.2 million and income from operations of $3.0 million. The full year net loss attributable to common stockholders was $3.5 million.
Genie Energy's Board of Directors has declared a quarterly dividend of $0.1594 per share of Series 2012-A Preferred Stock (NYS: GNEPRA) for the first quarter of its 2013 fiscal year, the three months ending March 31, 2013. The quarterly dividend will be paid on May 15, 2013 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on May 8, 2013. The ex-dividend date is May 6, 2013. The tax treatment of the dividend will be announced on the investor relations page of the Genie Energy website prior to the payment date. On February 15, 2013 Genie distributed $0.1317 per preferred share which will be treated as a return of capital and not as a dividend for tax purposes.
RECENT AND 4Q12 HIGHLIGHTS
Consolidated revenues (+$21.8 million), gross profit (+$7.7 million) and EBITDA (+$4.8 million) increased strongly year over year on higher gas and electric consumption
IDT Energy increased EBITDA by $6.4 million compared to 4Q11, to $7.9 million
In early March, 2013, AMSO, LLC initiated start up of its oil shale pilot test in Colorado.
On February 20, 2013, the government of Israel awarded a Genie Energy subsidiary an exclusive petroleum exploration license covering 396.5 square kilometers in the Southern portion of the Golan Heights. The Company believes that the license area may contain significant quantities of conventional oil and gas in relatively tight formations
Also in Israel, the Supreme Court rejected both pending legal challenges to IEI's oil shale exploration license during 4Q12
Fully diluted net income per share attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders of $0.08 compared to a diluted loss per share of $(0.06) in 4Q11
Net cash used in operating activities of $2.2 million compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $0.8 million in 4Q11
Claude Pupkin, Genie Energy's CEO, said, "This was a significant and positive quarter both for our retail energy business and for Genie Oil and Gas. IDT Energy again performed very well with a significant increase in profitability. On the GOGAS side of the business, the Supreme Court of Israel cleared away two legal challenges to IEI's oil shale development license and our Genie Israel Oil and Gas subsidiary was recently awarded an exclusive exploration license covering what we believe may be a significant quantity of conventional oil in relatively tight formations. In Colorado, we are excited that after addressing our equipment issues, during the first quarter of 2013 we have begun operations of AMSO's in-situ pilot test."
Geoff Rochwarger, Genie Energy's Vice Chairman and IDT Energy's CEO, said, "IDT Energy had another strong quarter despite the disruptive impact of Hurricane Sandy. Revenue, gross profit and EBITDA all increased substantially compared to the year ago quarter on the strength of a 74.6% increase in electric revenue. The hurricane and its aftermath reduced new customer acquisitions and acquisition expense below normalized levels, but we expect that the long term impact on our business will not be significant."
GENIE ENERGY CONSOLIDATED RESULTS FOR 4Q12 AND FULL YEAR 2012
$ in millions, except EPS
YoY Change (%/$)
2012/2011 Change (%/$)
Gross margin percentage
+360 basis points
+160 basis points
Research and development expense
Equity in the net loss of AMSO, LLC
Income (loss) from operations
Net income (loss) attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders
Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
*EBITDA for all periods presented is a non-GAAP measure intended to provide useful information that may be more indicative of Genie Energy's or the relevant segment's core operating results than the nearest GAAP measures.Please refer to the Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measure at the end of this release for an explanation of EBITDA and reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.
Genie Energy's revenues, direct costs of revenues, and gross profit are generated entirely by its retail energy provider business. For the discussion of those metrics, please see the results of the retail energy provider segment, IDT Energy, below.
SG&A expense in 4Q12 increased 24.5% year over year to $13.4 million. SG&A expense for the full year 2012 was $54.0 million compared to $40.4 million in 2011. Please see the segment discussions below for additional details. The increase in both periods primarily reflects the increase in IDT Energy's SG&A expense, business development activity within Genie Oil and Gas (GOGAS) as well as incremental expenses associated with operating as a separate public company following Genie Energy's spin-off from IDT Corporation (NYS: IDT) in October 2011. Corporate G&A, inclusive of non-cash compensation expense, was $2.1 million in 4Q12 compared to $1.2 million in 4Q11, and $7.9 million in 2012 compared to $2.1 million in 2011.
Research and development expense during 4Q12, all of which was incurred by the GOGAS segment, was $2.2 million, compared to $1.6 million in the year ago quarter. For all of 2012, research and development expense was $9.4 million compared to $7.4 million in 2011.
Equity in the loss of AMSO, LLC was $0.9 million in 4Q12, compared $1.2 million in 4Q11. For all of 2012, equity in the net loss of AMSO, LLC was $3.2 million compared to $5.7 million in 2011. The GOGAS segment description below provides additional details.
EBITDA was $1.9 million in 4Q12, compared to an EBITDA loss of $(2.9) million in 4Q11. The increase was substantially the result of the increased gross profit generated by growth in IDT Energy's customer base, partially offset by higher levels of SG&A throughout the Company. For the full years, EBITDA was $3.2 million in both 2012 and 2011 as the strong increase in IDT Energy's EBITDA was offset by increasing G&A and R&D expense at Genie Oil and Gas, and increased corporate G&A.
Net income attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders was $1.8 million ($0.08 per diluted share) in 4Q12 compared to net loss attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders of $(1.2) million ($(0.06) per diluted share) in the year ago period. For all of 2012, net loss attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders was $3.5 million ($0.17 per diluted share) compared to net income attributable to Genie Energy's common stockholders of $0.7 million ($0.03 per diluted share) in 2011.
During 4Q12, the Company settled a pending New York City gross receipts tax audit with a payment of $5.5 million. The liability from the audit, which covered all of the periods since the inception of IDT Energy, was previously fully accrued and, as a result, the settlement did not materially impact net income in 4Q12.
On March 5, 2013, Genie's offer to exchange shares of Class B Common Stock for shares of Series 2012-A Preferred Stock on a one-for-one basis expired. Approximately 0.3 million shares were tendered and exchanged during the renewed exchange period. Approximately 1.6 million shares were tendered and exchanged in the initial exchange offer which concluded in October 2012.
The base annual dividend of $0.6375 on the approximately 1.9 million shares issued of Genie Energy's Series 2012-A Preferred Stock is expected to reduce net income available to common stockholders by approximately $1.2 million each year. In 4Q12, the dividend reduced net income available to common stockholders by $0.2 million.
BALANCE SHEET AND CASH FLOW HIGHLIGHTS
As of December 31, 2012, Genie Energy had $150.3 million in total assets including $92.9 million in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, certificates of deposit and marketable securities. Genie Energy's liabilities totaled $32.2 million, with no long term debt outstanding.
Net cash used in operating activities was $(2.2) million during 4Q12, compared tonet cash provided by operating activities of $0.8 million during 4Q11. In 2012, net cash used in operating activities was $(1.0) million compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $1.9 million in 2011. Operating cash flow in both periods was impacted by the $5.5 million tax settlement referenced above.
RESULTS BY SEGMENT
$ in millions
YoY Change (%/$)
2012/2011 Change (%/$)
Natural gas revenues
Gross margin percentage
+360 basis points
+160 basis points
Income from operations
During 4Q12, IDT Energy entered its fourth electric utility territory in Maryland, with an addressable market of 240,000 meters. During all of 2012, IDT Energy entered six new electric territories in Pennsylvania and Maryland and a dual meter territory in Maryland - with an aggregate addressable market of approximately 2.8 million electric meters and 0.7 million gas meters.
At December 31, 2012, IDT Energy had approximately 502,000 meters enrolled, an increase of 15% year over year and a 4% decrease sequentially. The aggregate meter increase reflects a 30% increase year over year in electric meters enrolled to 331,000 partially offset by a 7% decline year over year in gas meters enrolled to 171,000. These changes reflect the concentration of customer acquisition activities in newly entered utility territories, which were predominantly electric-only utilities. Gross meter acquisitions were 79,000 in 4Q12 compared to 89,000 in 4Q11. The year over year decline in gross meter additions reflected the impact of Hurricane Sandy and the lower rate of customer acquisitions in newly entered Maryland utility territories compared to the Pennsylvania territories the Company had entered recently in the year ago quarter.
Meters at end of Quarter
December 31, 2012
September 30, 2012
June 30, 2012
March 31, 2012
December 31, 2011
Natural gas meters
Average monthly churn was 6.8% in 4Q12, unchanged from 4Q11 and an increase from 6.6% in 3Q12. The sequential increase in the churn rate was primarily due to the significant gross meter acquisitions during the first nine months of 2012, as churn rates tend to be highest for newly enrolled customers.
IDT Energy increased residential customer equivalents (RCEs) 26% year over year and decreased 3% sequentially to 312,000 at December 31, 2012.
RCEs at end of Quarter
December 31, 2012
September 30, 2012
June 30, 2012
March 31, 2012
December 31, 2011
Natural gas RCEs
Electricity RCEs increased 56% to 238,000 at December 31, 2012 compared to the year ago level reflecting net meter acquisitions predominantly in Pennsylvania, and an increase in the average consumption per meter as a result of meter acquisition programs focused on areas with larger homes.
Natural gas RCEs decreased 22% year over year to 74,000. The decline in natural gas RCEs reflects the impact of the unseasonably mild winter of 2011-2012 on the 12-month natural gas consumption histories that are the basis for calculating RCEs served (while the RCE benchmark amount remains unchanged), as well as the decline in natural gas meters enrolled.
IDT Energy's revenues during 4Q12 increased 49.9% to $65.4 million from $43.6 million in the year ago quarter.
Electric revenues increased 74.6% year over year to $48.2 million, reflecting a 77.1% year over year increase in kWh sold. The increase in kWh sold more than offset a 1.4% decline in average revenue per kWh of electricity sold.
Natural gas revenues were $17.2 million during 4Q12, a 7.4% increase compared to 4Q11. Therms sold increased by 8.4% year over year, which more than offset a 0.9% decrease in average revenue per therm sold.
Gross profit increased to $18.5 million in 4Q12, compared to $10.7 million in 4Q11, driven primarily by the increase in kWh sold.
Gross margin during 4Q12 was 28.2%, a 360 basis point increase year over year, primarily due to a significant increase in natural gas gross margin. The average cost per therm sold decreased 13% year over year, which had a favorable impact on natural gas gross margin.
IDT Energy's SG&A expense during 4Q12 was $10.6 million compared to $9.3 million in the year ago period. The increase was due predominantly to increases in payroll expense, customer acquisition costs, consolidated billing service fees and consulting and professional fees. SG&A expense in 4Q11 included a $0.9 million charge for sales and use tax pertaining to liabilities incurred in prior periods, which reduced the increase in SG&A expense in 4Q12 compared to 4Q11.
IDT Energy generated $7.9 million in EBITDA and income from operations during 4Q12, compared to $1.5 million in EBITDA and $1.4 million in income from operations in 4Q11. The increase was substantially the result of the increase in gross profit compared to the year ago quarter, partially offset by higher SG&A expense.
Financing fees charged by BP Energy, IDT Energy's preferred supplier, were $0.8 million in 4Q12 compared to $0.6 million in 4Q11 as a result of higher consumption by IDT Energy's customer base. For 2012 and 2011, the comparable totals were $2.9 million and $2.2 million, respectively.
Genie Oil and Gas (GOGAS)
GOGAS' projects include in-situ oil shale projects in Colorado and Israel and a new conventional oil exploration project in Israel.
GOGAS currently generates no revenue. GOGAS' operating expense consists primarily of research and development expense incurred by Israel Energy Initiatives, Ltd. (IEI), and by its global resource exploration, intellectual property development and other business development efforts. GOGAS accounts for its investment in AMSO, LLC using the equity method. GOGAS expects that its Genie Israel Oil and Gas subsidiary will begin to incur significant expenses related to its exploration program in 2Q13 under the exploration license granted to it in February 2013.
GOGAS reported $2.9 million of combined R&D and G&A expense in 4Q12, compared to $1.9 million in the year ago quarter. For the full 2012 year, combined R&D and G&A expense was $10.8 million compared to $8.7 million in 2011. The increases reflect an increase in R&D expense at IEI and in GOGAS' global exploration and business development efforts. Equity in the net loss of AMSO, LLC decreased to $0.9 million in 4Q12 from $1.2 million in the year ago quarter reflecting the lower levels of spending associated with the substantial completion of pilot plant construction. GOGAS' loss from operations was $3.9 million for 4Q12, compared to $3.2 million in 4Q11.
AMSO, LLC is a joint venture oil shale exploration and production initiative with Total, S.A. operating pursuant to a federal Research, Development and Demonstration lease on federal lands in Colorado.
AMSO, LLC has constructed a pilot facility designed to validate key assumptions of its in-situ oil shale recovery process and has received all permits required for pilot test operations. After addressing equipment related issues that delayed the start of pilot test operations in 2012, AMSO recently initiated pilot test start-up. In early March, 2013, AMSO, LLC initiated start up of its oil shale pilot test in Colorado. Once the pilot attains steady-state operations, AMSO will analyze the pilot operation's data and adjust processes as necessary.
IEI holds an exclusive Oil Shale Exploration and Production license covering 238 square kilometers in the Shfela basin region in Israel.
During 4Q12, the Supreme Court of Israel rejected the two lawsuits pending before it that sought to cancel the regulations governing the permitting process of oil and gas exploration, and cancel the exploration license granted to IEI. IEI continues to await the final regulations required for preparation and submission of an environmental impact statement, which is a necessary prerequisite for the submission of a permit application to construct and operate an oil shale pilot test facility.
On February 20, 2013, the government of Israel awarded a Genie Energy subsidiary, Genie Israel Oil and Gas, Ltd., an exclusive petroleum exploration license covering 396.5 square kilometers in the Southern portion of the Golan Heights. The Company believes, based on its preliminary analysis and interpretation of existing seismic and other geological data, that the newly issued license area may contain significant quantities of conventional oil and gas in relatively tight formations. The Company expects to conduct an initial exploration program of up to 36 months including geophysical testing, drilling and analysis to evaluate its preliminary hypothesis.
GENIE ENERGY EARNINGS CONFERENCE CALL
Genie Energy's management will host a conference call at 8:30 AM Eastern today, March 13th, to discuss financial and operational results, business outlook and strategy. The call will begin with management's remarks followed by Q&A with analysts and investors.
To listen to the call and/or to participate in the Q&A, dial toll-free 1-877-317-6789 or 1-412-317-6789 (international) and request the Genie Energy call.
Approximately one hour after the call concludes, an audio file of the call in MP3 format replay will be available on the "Investors" section of the Genie Energy website www.genie.com/investors. In addition, a teleconference replay will be available through March 27, 2012 at 1-877-344-7529 (US toll free) or at 1-412-317-0088 (international). Callers should ask for conference call #10025499.
ABOUT GENIE ENERGY LTD.
Genie Energy Ltd. (NYSE: GNE, GNEPRA) is comprised of IDT Energy and Genie Oil and Gas (GOGAS). IDT Energy is a retail energy provider supplying electricity and natural gas to residential and small business customers in the Northeastern United States. GOGAS is pioneering technologies to produce clean and affordable transportation fuels from the world's abundant oil shales and other fuel resources. GOGAS resource development projects include in-situ oil shale projects in Colorado and Israel and a conventional oil exploration program in Israel. For more information, visit www.genie.com.
In this press release, all statements that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those in which we use the words "believe," "anticipate," "expect," "plan," "intend," "estimate, "target" and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors, including, but not limited to, those described in our most recent report on SEC Form 10 (under the headings "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations"), which may be revised or supplemented in subsequent reports on SEC Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K.These factors include, but are not limited to, the following: potential declines in prices for our products and services; our ability to return to profitability and improve our cash flow; impact of government regulation; effectiveness of our marketing and distribution efforts; and general economic conditions.We are under no obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update the forward-looking statements in this press release, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
GENIE ENERGY LTD.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
Cash and cash equivalents
Certificates of deposit
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $130 at December 31, 2012 and 2011
Deferred income tax assets, net—current portion
Other current assets
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
Property and equipment, net
Deferred income tax assets, net—long-term portion
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Trade accounts payable
Advances from customers
Income taxes payable
Due to IDT Corporation
Other current liabilities
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
Commitments and contingencies
Genie Energy Ltd. stockholders' equity:
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—10,000:
Series 2012-A, designated shares—8,750; at liquidation preference, consisting of 1,605 and nil shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively
Class A common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—35,000; 1,574 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2012 and 2011
Class B common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—200,000; 19,827 and 21,382 shares issued and 19,800 and 21,382 shares outstanding at December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively
Additional paid-in capital