First Solar, Inc. Announces Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2012 Financial Results

First Solar, Inc. Announces Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2012 Financial Results

Record net sales of $1.1 billion for the fourth quarter and $3.4 billion for 2012

GAAP earnings per fully diluted share of $1.74 for the fourth quarter and loss of $1.11 for 2012

Non-GAAP earnings per fully diluted share of $2.04 for the fourth quarter and $4.90 for 2012

Cash and marketable securities of $1 billion   

Guidance of $0.70 to $0.90 per fully diluted share for first quarter 2013

TEMPE, Ariz.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- First Solar, Inc. (NAS: FSLR) today announced financial results for the quarter and year ended Dec. 31, 2012. Net sales were a record $1.1 billion in the quarter, an increase of $236 million from the third quarter of 2012 and $415 million from the fourth quarter of 2011. The increase in net sales from the third quarter of 2012 was primarily due to increased revenue recognition for the Topaz project, and an increase in third-party module sales. Net sales for 2012 were $3.4 billion, up 22% from 2011.

The Company reported fourth quarter GAAP net income per fully diluted share of $1.74, compared to $1.00 in the third quarter of 2012 and a loss of $4.78 in the fourth quarter of 2011, which included $454 million in pre-tax goodwill impairment and restructuring charges. The fourth quarter of 2012 was impacted by pre-tax charges of $25 million (reducing EPS by $0.30), relating to previously announced restructuring actions. The Company reported a full-year GAAP loss of $1.11 per share for 2012, including the impact of pre-tax charges of $529 million (reducing EPS by $5.99), relating to previously announced restructuring actions and costs in excess of normal warranty. Non-GAAP net income per fully diluted share was $2.04 for the fourth quarter and $4.90 for full-year 2012.

Cash and Marketable Securities at the end of 2012 were $1 billion, up from $717 million at the end of the third quarter of 2012. Cash flows from operations were $328 million in the fourth quarter, and $762 million for the full-year 2012.

The Company also provided guidance for the first quarter of 2013 as follows:

  • Net Sales of $650 to $750 million
  • Gross Margin of 25-27%
  • OPEX of $90 to $100 million
  • Operating income of $70 to $100 million
  • Tax rate between 11% and 13%
  • EPS of $0.70 to $0.90 per fully diluted share
  • Cash flow from Operations of $0 to $100 million
  • CAPEX of $80 to $100 million

"Despite a very challenging market environment, we continued to make meaningful progress in all critical value drivers for the Company," said Jim Hughes, CEO of First Solar. "We exceeded our module and balance-of-systems cost reduction targets for 2012, as announced in December 2011, further increased module efficiency and field performance, and achieved several key objectives in our strategy to develop and service new sustainable energy markets. We expect the market will remain turbulent for some time to come, but we have seen some evidence of improvement and believe we have the right strategy in place to retain our industry leadership by providing the best value for our customers."

First Solar achieved several milestones over the past year:

  • Acquired Solar Chile and established subsidiaries in India, the Middle East, South Africa and Thailand.
  • Set new world record for CdTe cell efficiency at 18.7%.
  • Increased average module efficiency to 12.9% for the fourth quarter of 2012, up 0.7 percentage points from the fourth quarter of 2011.
  • Reduced the average module manufacturing costs on its best lines to $0.64 per watt (excluding underutilization), down from $0.69 in the fourth quarter of 2011.
  • Surpassed 250 MWAC of grid-connected power at Agua Caliente, making it the world's largest operational solar power plant.
  • Surpassed 7 GWDC of cumulative production, enough to provide clean electricity for approximately 3.5 million homes and displace 4.7 million metric tons of CO₂ annually.

For a reconciliation of non-GAAP measures to measures presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. ("GAAP"), see the tables below.

First Solar has scheduled a conference call today, Feb. 26, 2013 at 4:30 p.m. EST to discuss this announcement. Investors may access a live webcast of this conference call by visiting

An audio replay of the conference call will also be available approximately two hours after the conclusion of the call. The audio replay will remain available until Monday, March 4, 2013 at 11:59 p.m. EST and can be accessed by dialing 888-203-1112 if you are calling from within the United States or 719-457-0820 if you are calling from outside the United States and entering the replay pass code 4625647. A replay of the webcast will be available on the Investors section of the Company's website approximately two hours after the conclusion of the call and remain available for approximately 90 calendar days.

About First Solar, Inc.

First Solar is a leading global provider of comprehensive photovoltaic (PV) solar systems which use its advanced thin-film modules. The Company's integrated power plant solutions deliver an economically attractive alternative to fossil-fuel electricity generation today. From raw material sourcing through end-of-life module collection and recycling, First Solar's renewable energy systems protect and enhance the environment. For more information about First Solar, please visit

For First Solar Investors

This release contains forward-looking statements which are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The forward-looking statements in this release do not constitute guarantees of future performance. Those statements involve a number of factors that could cause actual results to differ materially, including risks associated with the Company's business involving the Company's products, their development and distribution, economic and competitive factors and the Company's key strategic relationships and other risks detailed in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. First Solar assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking information contained in this press release or with respect to the announcements described herein.




(In thousands, except share data)




December 31,

December 31,

Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$901,294$605,619
Marketable securities102,57866,146
Accounts receivable trade, net553,567310,568
Accounts receivable, unbilled400,987533,399
Balance of systems parts98,90353,784
Deferred project costs21,390197,702
Deferred tax assets, net44,07041,144
Assets held for sale49,521
Note receivable, affiliate17,725
Prepaid expenses and other current assets207,368 329,032 
Total current assets2,832,3242,613,261
Property, plant and equipment, net1,525,3821,815,958
Project assets358,824374,881
Deferred project costs486,654122,688
Deferred tax assets, net317,473340,274
Marketable securities116,192
Restricted cash and investments301,400200,550
Other assets326,816 67,615 
Total assets$6,348,692 $5,777,614 
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$350,230$176,448
Income taxes payable5,4749,541
Accrued expenses554,433406,659
Current portion of long-term debt62,34944,505
Deferred revenue2,05641,925
Other current liabilities126,832 294,646 
Total current liabilities1,101,374973,724
Accrued solar module collection and recycling liability212,835167,378
Long-term debt500,223619,143
Payments and billings for deferred project costs636,518167,374
Other liabilities292,216 206,132 
Total liabilities2,743,166 2,133,751 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock, $0.001 par value per share; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 87,145,323 and 86,467,873 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively8786
Additional paid-in capital2,065,5272,022,743
Accumulated earnings1,529,7331,626,071
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)10,179 (5,037)
Total stockholders' equity3,605,526 3,643,863 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$6,348,692 $5,777,614 



(In thousands, except per share amounts)


Three Months Ended Year Ended


December 31,

December 31,

December 31,

December 31,

Net sales$1,075,011$660,352$3,368,545$2,766,207
Cost of sales781,464 522,228 2,515,796 1,794,456 
Gross profit293,547138,124852,749971,751
Operating expenses:
Research and development31,63937,906132,460140,523
Selling, general and administrative63,417125,926280,928412,541
Production start-up1,6375,8817,82333,620
Goodwill impairment393,365393,365
Restructuring24,839 60,366 469,101 60,366 
Total operating expenses121,532 623,444 890,312 1,040,415 
Operating income (loss)172,015(485,320)(37,563)(68,664)
Foreign currency (loss) gain(2,156)243(2,122)995
Interest income3,1293,72612,82413,391
Interest expense, net(2,694)(100)(13,888)(100)
Other income, net280 9 945 665 
Income (loss) before income taxes170,574(481,442)(39,804)(53,713)
Income tax expense (benefit)16,396 (68,329)56,534 (14,220)
Net income (loss)$154,178 $(413,113)$(96,338)$(39,493)
Net income (loss) per share:
Basic$1.77 $(4.78)$(1.11)$(0.46)
Diluted$1.74 $(4.78)$(1.11)$(0.46)
Weighted-average number of shares used in per share calculations:
Basic87,084 86,428 86,860 86,067 
Diluted88,549 86,428 86,860 86,067 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The non-GAAP financial measures included in the tables below are non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share, which adjust for the following items: Costs in Excess of Normal Warranty Expense and Restructuring. We believe the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures, when taken together with the corresponding GAAP financial measures, provides meaningful supplemental information regarding the Company's operating performance. Our management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing the Company's performance to prior periods and investors benefit from an understanding of these non-GAAP financial measures. The use of non-GAAP financial measures has limitations and you should not consider these performance measures in isolation from or as an alternative to measures presented in accordance with GAAP such as net income and net income per share.

Costs in Excess of Normal Warranty Expense: Included in our GAAP presentation of cost of sales and operating expense, costs in excess of normal warranty expense reflect estimated costs related to our remediation of a manufacturing excursion that occurred between June 2008 and June 2009. We exclude this expense from our non-GAAP measures because we do not believe they reflect expected long-term future costs.

Restructuring: Included in our GAAP presentation of operating expenses, restructuring costs represent asset impairment and related costs and severance and termination related costs primarily due to a series of restructuring initiatives intended to align the organization with our long-term strategic plan including expected sustainable market opportunities and to reduce costs. We exclude restructuring costs from our non-GAAP measures because the asset impairment portion of the charges does not reflect our cash position or our cash flows from operating activities, and the restructuring charges overall do not reflect future operating expenses, are not indicative of our core operating performance, and are not meaningful in comparing to our past operating performance.

Three Months Ended December 31, 2012 (In thousands except per share data)
Net income before income taxes$170,574$24,839$195,413
Income tax expense (benefit)16,396 (1,357)(1)15,039
Net income$154,178 $26,196 $180,374
Net income per fully diluted share (2)$1.74 $0.30 $2.04
Weighted-average shares outstanding88,549 88,549 88,549
(1) Amount adjusts the provision for income taxes to reflect the effect of the non-GAAP adjustments on non-GAAP net income.
(2)Amount is calculated based upon Net income divided by Weighted-average shares outstanding. The sum of Net income per fully diluted share across the table may not equal the calculated amount due to rounding.

Year Ended December 31, 2012 (In thousands except per share data)

Costs in Excess of
Normal Warranty Cost

Net (loss) income before income taxes$(39,804)$473,785(1)$55,443(2)$489,424
Income tax expense56,534 1,142 (3)1,687 (3)59,363
Net (loss) income$(96,338)$472,643 $53,756 $430,061
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