Every investor would love to stumble upon the perfect stock. But will you ever really find a stock that provides everything you could possibly want?
One thing's for sure: You'll never discover truly great investments unless you actively look for them. Let's discuss the ideal qualities of a perfect stock, then decide if Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold (NYS: FCX) fits the bill.
The quest for perfection
Stocks that look great based on one factor may prove horrible elsewhere, making due diligence a crucial part of your investing research. The best stocks excel in many different areas, including these important factors:
Growth. Expanding businesses show healthy revenue growth. While past growth is no guarantee that revenue will keep rising, it's certainly a better sign than a stagnant top line.
Margins. Higher sales mean nothing if a company can't produce profits from them. Strong margins ensure that a company can turn revenue into profit.
Balance sheet. At debt-laden companies, banks and bondholders compete with shareholders for management's attention. Companies with strong balance sheets don't have to worry about the distraction of debt.
Money-making opportunities. Return on equity helps measure how well a company is finding opportunities to turn its resources into profitable business endeavors.
Valuation. You can't afford to pay too much for even the best companies. By using normalized figures, you can see how a stock's simple earnings multiple fits into a longer-term context.
Dividends. For tangible proof of profits, a check to shareholders every three months can't be beat. Companies with solid dividends and strong commitments to increasing payouts treat shareholders well.
With those factors in mind, let's take a closer look at Freeport-McMoRan.
What We Want to See
Pass or Fail?
5-Year Annual Revenue Growth > 15%
1-Year Revenue Growth > 12%
Gross Margin > 35%
Net Margin > 15%
Debt to Equity < 50%
Current Ratio > 1.3
Return on Equity > 15%
Normalized P/E < 20
Current Yield > 2%
5-Year Dividend Growth > 10%
8 out of 10
Source: S&P Capital IQ. Total score = number of passes.
Since we looked at Freeport-McMoRan last year, the company has given back the point it earned from 2010 to 2011. A big drop in revenue is responsible for the decline, which also kept the stock near flat-line levels over the past year.
As its name suggests, Freeport-McMoRan is a giant in copper and gold production. That gives the company exposure to two promising trends. On one hand, gold has become much-prized as an investment holding, with SPDR Gold (ASE: GLD) and other ETFs accumulating thousands of tons of the yellow metal. Meanwhile, copper is far less valuable, but is much more important for its industrial uses, playing a key role in construction and infrastructure projects. The combination makes Freeport a formidable force during economic expansions.
As growth has slowed in once-hot areas like China, though, Freeport and its peers have suffered. Both Freeport and mining rivals Southern Copper (NYS: SCCO) and Rio Tinto (NYS: RIO) saw substantial declines in the early part of this year, as Chinese growth projections fell. When China announced a stimulus package of about $150 billion, though, both companies soared in response. Yet, even with those gains, Freeport is dealing with higher costs of production, as well as lower byproduct revenue. Just as Thompson Creek Metals (NYS: TC) has seen project costs for its Mt. Milligan mine soar, Freeport is having to deal with increasing costs, as well.
But, despite recent disappointments at its Grasberg mine in Indonesia, Freeport has the potential to become much more profitable in the future. The company expects Grasberg to cut its net cash costs dramatically in the next two years and to have negative costs net of byproduct sales soon thereafter. Moreover, with the company making big capital expenditures in areas like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, future growth could send share prices soaring even higher.
For Freeport to improve, it needs economic growth to restore revenue to its past levels. Once that happens, Freeport could become a perfect stock in a very short time.
No stock is a sure thing, but some stocks are a lot closer to perfect than others. By looking for the perfect stock, you'll go a long way toward improving your investing prowess and learning how to separate out the best investments from the rest.
Goldcorp is one of the leading players in the gold mining market. For the last several years, investors have been the beneficiaries of several successful acquisitions and strong organic growth. Goldcorp's low-cost production of one of the most sought-after metals in the world continues to make them an attractive choice for long-term investors. Click here for our detailed Ticker Report to discover more about this mining specialist.
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The article Has Freeport-McMoRan Become the Perfect Stock? originally appeared on Fool.com.
Fool contributor Dan Caplinger has no positions in the stocks mentioned above. The Motley Fool owns shares of Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.