The responses are in, and Binghamton, N.Y., has been named the least optimistic place in America.
The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being index tracks community satisfaction and optimism on a daily basis by conducting telephone interviews with adult residents of U.S. cities and their surrounding areas. In 2011, Binghamtonians expressed the lowest recorded level of optimism: Only 27.8 percent voiced a positive feeling about their community's prospects.
In Provo-Orem, Utah, on the other hand -- the country's most optimistic region, according to this poll -- 76 percent of residents expressed confidence about the direction of their area.
As to the reasons why, The Binghamton Press & Sun-Bulletin suggests that the weather and economy are valid reasons for pessimism. Seasonal affective disorder, which can bring on bouts of depression typically in the winter, could be a contributing factor, but Binghamton's malaise is also a product of its residents' outlook. "The community is rather conservative and not very open-minded," psychologist Benjamin Perkus told the Press & Sun-Bulletin. "So it's stuck in the old paradigm of big industry, which is gone now."
Settled in 1802, the once-agrarian Binghamton became a transportation hub and manufacturing center with the advent of the Erie Railroad in the 1840s. In the 20th century, IBM was founded close by and the flight simulator was developed in town, creating a robust local outpost of electronics and defense contracting. The end of the Cold War, however, saw the drying up of funds for many defense firms, costing the region jobs. From a peak of 85,000 in the mid-1950s, the city's population has declined to less than 50,000.
Still, there are bright points, like the educational scene, centered around Binghamton University, and a local opera company and a symphony, as well as sports teams. Residents' pessimism may have been influenced by flooding that occurred last year, when the survey was being conducted.
New York's Syracuse and Utica-Rome also fared poorly in the survey, coming in at numbers 186 and 183, respectively. But Binghamton stood out, according to Gallup, for its "difficult combination" of relatively dreary satisfaction and optimism ratings. Only 74.9 percent of Binghamton area residents said they were satisfied with their community, which doesn't sound so bad -- except that it was the fourth-lowest figure among the 190 areas surveyed. Binghamton's 27.8 percent optimism rating contrasts sharply with the national average among resident of small metro areas, which was 56.5 percent.
Rebounding Real Estate Markets: Top 10 Turnaround Towns
Binghamton, N.Y.: Nation's Most Downbeat City, Poll Says
Median List Price Appreciation: 17.79 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -16.18 percent
Inventory Change: -29.25 percent
Home Price: $2.999 million
Sq. Ft.: 5,123
After slipping out of Realtor.com's top 10 rankings for the third quarter of last year, Punta Gorda has reclaimed status as a town in the vanguard of real estate recovery. Home prices are reportedly just beginning to trend upward. But they still have a long way to go: home prices in town are 56.2 percent lower than they were in 2006, at the peak of the housing boom.
Median List Price Appreciation: 9.09 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -28.89 percent
Inventory Change: -35.28 percent
At 11 percent, the Lakeland-Winter area has the highest rate of unemployment on Realtor.com's top 10. But the real estate market seems to be another story. Realtor.com says that the area was the fourth-most-searched spot by users of their listing service. Distressed home sales have fallen significantly from last year as well.
Home Price: $1.3 million
Sq. Ft.: 7,813
The local market may be on the road to recovery, but distressed home sales still are hindering the market. This French mansion is selling by way of short sale.
Median List Price Appreciation: 7.84 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -35.71 percent
Inventory Change: -41.63 percent
Home Price: $5 million
Sq. Ft.: 8,700
Sale prices in this sultry town have risen 18 percent year-over-year, as of November, quite an encouraging sign for the local market. Meanwhile, unemployment is shrinking. The rate fell to 9.4 percent in November.
This Mediterranean may have just seen its price slashed, but with a $5 million ask, it'll still cost you a pretty penny.
Median List Price Appreciation: 13.38 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -13.64 percent
Inventory Change: -35.94 percent
Home Price: $19.9 million
Sq. Ft.: 8,226
Naples finds its way onto Realtor.com's list for the first time this quarter, thanks, in part, to its housing market's 13.64 percent decline in median age inventory and 13.38 increase in median list price.
Naples offers its fair share of uber-luxury homes. This waterfront mansion, at nearly $20 million, costs $2,419 per square foot.
Pictured here is a dining room of the home (we're guessing there's probably another one considering the place is 8,000 square feet). The elaborately decorated room features what appears to be a flying saucer. Maybe it can beam up the filet mignon.
Median List Price Appreciation: 13.77 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -23.42 percent
Inventory Change: -39.66 percent
Home Price: $1.5 million
Sq. Ft.: 4,875
A drop in foreclosures in this city shrank its year-over-year for-sale inventory by a whopping 40 percent as of last year's fourth quarter. The city also enjoys the benefit of an unemployment rate that is lower than the national average.
Median List Price Appreciation: 10.78 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -26.57 percent
Inventory Change: -31.01 percent
Home Price: $12.5 million
Sq. Ft.: 7,194
In Sarasota, home sales jumped 17 percent last year while median list prices defied the national downward price decline by ticking up 2 percent. Realtor.com goes so far as to suggest that the market may have graduated to "seller's market" status, unthinkable in most housing markets across the country.
Thrust out into the Gulf of Mexico, this jaw-dropping manse practically commands its own square-shaped peninsula. But apparently personal peninsulas don't come cheap in Sarasota: This property is listed to the tune of $12.5 million.
Pictured here is the home's covered dock that parks at least two boats. Inside the home you'll find an exercise room, library and attached "oversized" verandas. Other outdoor amenities include an expansive pool and shuffleboard courts.
Median List Price Appreciation: 31.27 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -17.60 percent
Inventory Change: -35.31 percent
Price: $8.7 million
Sq. Ft.: 13,723
The Fort Myers-Cape Coral area continues to chug along the path to recovery with its median sales price zooming upward by 20 percent last year. But there's more to brag about: The area experienced the highest year-over-year increase in median list price for the fourth quarter -- 31.27 percent.
Median List Price Appreciation: 8.22 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -36.52 percent
Inventory Change: -44.02 percent
Home Price: $3.99 million
Sq. Ft.: 8,676
Year-over-year inventory plummeted by 44 percent in Orlando in the fourth quarter of last year, while list prices rose 8.22 percent. Both movements point toward a market that is truly beginning to right itself.
Fit for the big-swinging, cigar-smoking mogul, this luxury home, which recently had its price cut, puts you close to the links.
Median List Price Appreciation: 15.38 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -27.47 percent
Inventory Change: -48.10 percent
Home Price: $5.995 million
Sq. Ft.: 11,039
An area that had its housing market severely bruised by the foreclosure crisis, the Phoenix-Mesa area is mounting a recovery in a big way. While residents continue to file for foreclosure at a rate above the national average, the glut of cheap homes idling on the market has lured bargain-hunters. The area's relatively low unemployment rate of 7.7 percent also will work in its housing market's favor.
Median List Price Appreciation: 28.57 percent
Median Age of Inventory: -30.89 percent
Inventory Change: -51.44 percent
Home Price: $6 million
Sq. Ft.: 3,870
Buy in the city where the heat is on -- all night on the beach 'cause the housing slump's gone! Welcome to Miami (beinvenido a Miami)!
Miami leads the pack of cities building toward a recovery. Existing home sales in the Miami area leaped 51 percent in the third quarter compared to a year ago. Meanwhile, inventory shrank by half. Realtor.com suggests that much of the improvement is attributable to strong foreign activity in the market.
This luxury apartment may soon be the trophy home of some foreign magnate. According to Realtor.com, in May of last year, international buyers purchased about 60 percent of existing houses and condos and 90 percent of the newly built homes in Miami.