Not all dividends are created equal. Here, we'll do a top-to-bottom analysis of a given company to understand the quality of its dividend and how that's changed over the past five years.
The company we're looking at today is Weyerhaeuser (NYS: WY) , which yields 2.9%.
To evaluate the quality of a dividend, the first thing to consider is whether the company has paid a dividend consistently over the past five years, and, if so, how much it has grown.
Weyerhaeuser's dividend had been stable at $0.60 per quarter until 2009, when the dividend dropped to $0.25 per quarter and then to $0.05 per quarter. In 2010, the company converted to a real estate investment trust, and in connection with this effort in September 2010, the company paid a special dividend of $26.46 in cash and shares. The company paid one more $0.05 dividend, and then the dividend was raised to $0.15 per quarter, where it has stayed since.
To understand how safe a dividend is, we use a couple of crucial tools, the first of which is:
The interest coverage ratio, or the number of times interest is earned, which is calculated by earnings before interest and taxes, divided by interest expense. The interest coverage ratio measures a company's ability to pay the interest on its debt. A ratio less than 1.5 is questionable; a number less than 1 means the company is not bringing in enough money to cover its interest expenses.
At 1.36, Weyerhaeuser's interest coverage ratio is worrisome.
The other tool we use to evaluate the safety of a dividend is:
The EPS payout ratio, or dividends per share divided by earnings per share. The EPS payout ratio measures the percentage of earnings that go toward paying the dividend. A ratio greater than 80% is worrisome.
Source: S&P Capital IQ.
Weyerhaeuser had a rough 2009, reporting large losses. But the company's earnings have turned around since then, and the firm's payout ratio of 60% is manageable.
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