Bank Stocks: What You Need to Know Today

Two big pieces of news broke today that are likely to be hammering shares of the nation's biggest banks and roiling the market. The Dow (INDEX: ^DJI) was down more than 1% in early morning trading.

1. Bank earnings season begins
Today officially kicks off the earnings season for banks, with JPMorgan (NYS: JPM) , the largest American bank by assets, reporting a 23% drop in fourth-quarter profit. The bank recorded a total profit of $3.73 billion, equating to $0.90 a share, down from earnings of $4.83 billion for the same period a year ago, or $1.12 a share. This was on $22.2 billion in revenue, a drop of 17% from last year.

The year-over-year declines came disproportionately from the investment banking side of the operation -- which includes revenue from trading, mergers, and stock offerings. This division saw business fall off in the quarter due to uncertainty surrounding the events in Europe. Its fourth-quarter net revenue was off by 30%, from $6.2 billion a year ago to $4.4 billion this year.

On the plus side, loan growth and loan quality figures were favorable.

Next up for bank earnings are Wells Fargo (NYS: WFC) and Citigroup (NYS: C) , both of which report on Tuesday, followed two days later by Bank of America (NYS: BAC) .

2. More trouble for B of A?
It was also disclosed in TheWall Street Journal that Bank of America has informed banking regulators that it's willing to retreat from some parts of the country if its financial problems persist. According to the report, the most likely targets for cutbacks are branches in areas with a population of less than 500,000, where about $60 billion of the bank's roughly $1 trillion in deposits are held.

If this comes to fruition, it will mark a continuation of the bank's departure from its years of reckless growth under Ken Lewis, B of A's now-disgraced former CEO. Since taking over in 2010, current CEO Brian Moynihan has sold off billions of dollars of non-core assets and aggressively scaled back the company's work force in an effort to bring the bank into compliance with a new regime of heightened banking regulations.

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At the time thisarticle was published Fool contributor John Maxfield owns shares of Bank of America. The Motley Fool owns shares of Citigroup, Wells Fargo, Bank of America, and JPMorgan Chase. The Fool owns shares of and has created a covered strangle position on Wells Fargo. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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