Not all dividends are created equal. Here, we'll do a top-to-bottom analysis of a given company to understand the quality of its dividend and how that's changed over the past five years.
The company we're looking at today is Foot Locker (NYS: FL) , which yields 2.8%.
Foot Locker is a footwear retailer that, like competitor Collective Brands (NYS: PSS) , struggled through the recession. Collective Brands' Payless Shoe Source and Foot Locker both struggled as consumers were cash-strapped and not spending money. Foot Locker's stock has been doing well recently, though, after the company instituted a share buyback program.
To evaluate the quality of a dividend, the first thing to consider is whether the company has paid a dividend consistently over the past five years, and if so, how much it has grown.
Foot Locker has been steadily raising its quarterly dividend the past five years.
To understand how safe a dividend is, we use three crucial tools:
The interest coverage ratio, or the number of times interest is earned, calculated by earnings before interest and taxes, divided by interest expense. The interest coverage ratio measures a company's ability to pay the interest on its debt. An interest coverage ratio less than 1.5 is questionable; a number less than one means that the company is not bringing in enough money to cover its interest expenses.
Foot Locker covers every $1 in interest expense with nearly $70 in operating earnings.
The other tools we use to evaluate a dividend's safety are:
The EPS payout ratio, or dividends per share divided by earnings per share. The EPS payout ratio measures the percentage of earnings that go toward paying the dividend. A ratio greater than 80% is worrisome.
The FCF payout ratio, or dividends per share divided by free cash flow per share. Earnings alone don't always paint a complete picture of a business's health. The FCF payout ratio measures the percent of free cash flow devoted toward paying the dividend. Again, a ratio greater than 80% could be a red flag.
Source: S&P Capital IQ.
While Foot Locker's earnings payout ratio has been all over the place, the firm's free cash flow payout ratio has stayed steady near 40%.
Source: S&P Capital IQ.
There are some alternatives out there in the industry. Nike (NYS: NKE) and Dick's Sporting Goods (NYS: DKS) both sport yields near 1.5% and low payout ratios. Finish Line (NAS: FINL) is the odd man out with a yield of 1% and a payout ratio of 11%.
Another tool for better investing
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