I took my first investing class as a teenager, and one moment stands out in my memory. A fellow student asked the instructor, a stockbroker, about dividends.
"Dividends?" he asked. "I'm trying to make my clients wealthy. You don't do that waiting for tiny checks in the mailbox every quarter."
Even then, I had enough horse sense to know he was wrong. Paying attention to dividends is exactly how you become wealthy over time.
Wharton professor Jeremy Siegel made a wonderful discovery in his book The Future for Investors. The greatest long-term returns typically don't come from the most innovative companies, or even companies with the highest earnings growth. They come from companies that happen to crank out dividends year after year. Simply put, since the 1950s, "the portfolios with higher dividend yields offered investors higher returns."
Market commentary regularly centers around price gyrations, yet dividends have historically accounted for more than half of total returns.
Reinvest those dividends, and the gains get even greater. Take Piedmont Natural Gas (NYS: PNY) , for example. Since the 1970s, the company's share price has increased 1,300%. But add in reinvested dividends, and total returns jump to nearly 17,000%:
Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard & Poor's.
There's no ambiguity here: Over time, Piedmont's share appreciation alone has paled in importance to the power of its reinvested dividends. The results are similar for other utilities like SCANA (NYS: SCG) and Dominion Resources (NYS: D) ; reinvested dividends skew both companies' total returns dramatically higher. If you're a long-term shareholder, don't worry about daily share wobbles. Devote your attention to those dividend payouts and your commitment to reinvest them.
And how do Piedmont's dividends look? At 3.8%, its yield is far above the market average. The company has paid a dividend every year since 1956, and raised its payout annually since 1978. Energy prices fluctuate, creating occasional strains on free cash flow, but the company has remained steadfast in its commitment to shareholders. "We are committed to long-term shareholder value and fully understand the importance of the growing dividend to our shareholders," it said last year. Its history backs that up.
To earn the greatest returns, get your priorities straight. What the market does is less important than what your company earns. What your company earns is less important than how much it pays out in dividends. And what it pays out in dividends is less important than whether you reinvest those dividends.
Add Piedmont Natural Gas to My Watchlist.
At the time thisarticle was published Fool contributorMorgan Houseldoesn't own shares of any of the companies mentioned in this article. Follow him on Twitter @TMFHousel.Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of Dominion Resources and Piedmont Natural Gas. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.
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