I took my first investing class as a teenager, and one moment stands out in my memory. A fellow student asked the instructor, a stockbroker, about dividends.
"Dividends?" he asked. "I'm trying to make my clients wealthy. You don't do that waiting for tiny checks in the mailbox every quarter."
Even then, I had enough horse sense to know he was wrong. Paying attention to dividends is exactly how you become wealthy over time.
Wharton professor Jeremy Siegel made a wonderful discovery in his book The Future for Investors. The greatest long-term returns typically don't come from the most innovative companies, or even companies with the highest earnings growth. They come from companies that happen to crank out dividends year after year. Simply put, since the 1950s, "the portfolios with higher dividend yields offered investors higher returns."
Market commentary regularly centers around price gyrations, yet dividends have historically accounted for more than half of total returns.
Reinvest those dividends, and the gains get even greater. Take Wells Fargo (NYS: WFC) , for example. Since the late 1960s, the company's share price has increased 4,800%. But add in reinvested dividends, and total returns jump to 21,800%:
Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard & Poor's.
There's no ambiguity here: Over time, Wells Fargo's share appreciation alone has paled in importance to the power of its reinvested dividends. The results are similar for JPMorgan Chase (NYS: JPM) and US Bancorp (NYS: USB) ; reinvested dividends skew both companies' total returns dramatically higher. If you're a long-term shareholder, don't worry about daily share wobbles. Devote your attention to those dividend payouts and your commitment to reinvest them.
And how do Wells Fargo's dividends look? Its current yield of 2% is about on par with the market average. Like all big banks, Wells was forced to slash its payout during the financial crisis after it grudgingly accepted taxpayer funds in the TARP bailout program. With those funds repaid, Wells is slowly inching its dividends back up. Its current payout of $0.12 per quarter is up considerably from 2009, but still nearly a third below pre-recession levels. On a recent conference call, management signaled their intent to return dividends to "normalized" levels of 30% of earnings. With earnings of $2.58 per share over the past 12 months, that would bring a dividend of $0.78 per share, or a yield of about 3% at today's share prices.
To earn the greatest returns, get your priorities straight. What the market does is less important than what your company earns. What your company earns is less important than how much it pays out in dividends. And what it pays out in dividends is less important than whether you reinvest those dividends.
Add Wells Fargo to My Watchlist
At the time thisarticle was published Fool contributorMorgan Houseldoesn't own shares in any of the companies mentioned in this article. Follow him on Twitter @TMFHousel.The Motley Fool owns shares of JPMorgan Chase. The Fool owns shares of and has created a ratio put spread position on Wells Fargo. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insightsmakes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.
Copyright © 1995 - 2011 The Motley Fool, LLC. All rights reserved. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.