Ohio Unemployment Guide

Filing for Unemployment:

Unemployed Ohio workers can file an initial claim for unemployment benefits one of two ways:

  1. Online – File your initial unemployment claim online
  2. Telephone – File your unemployment claim by telephone at 877-644-6562, M - F, 8:00am to 5:00pm

File your claim right away after you've stopped working – don't delay. Your claim starts the week you file. Unemployment benefits are not retroactive, so if you delay you may lose benefits.

  • Name, address & phone
  • SSN & date of birth
  • Name, address, phone number, gross earnings, occupation, dates worked, and reason for separation for all employers for the past 18 months
  • If you were discharged from the military in the last 18 months, you'll need Copy #4 of your DD Form 214
  • If you were a Federal employee in the last 18 months, you'll need SF 8 or SF 50 (or W2 or pay stubs)
  • If you are not a US Citizen, you'll need your Alien Registration Number, expiration, and type
  • Blank Check if you want direct deposit
  • Dependents' names, social security numbers, and dates of birth
  • If claiming dependents, your spouse's name and social security number
  • Your regular occupation and job skills

After filing your initial unemployment claim, you will receive a monetary determination notice, describing benefits, eligibility and giving additional information.

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Filing Your Bi-Weekly Claim:

Ohio weekly unemployment benefits are based on approximately 50% of your the average weekly earnings, up to a maximum of $508 per week (depending on number of dependents). Federal Additional Compensation (FAC) currently adds an additional $25 per week to your benefit.

Unemployed Ohio workers can file Bi-weekly unemployment claims one of two ways:

  1. Online – File your initial unemployment claim online
  2. Telephone – File your unemployment claim by telephone at 877-644-6562, M - F, 8:00am to 5:00pm

You may file weekly for the first three weeks of your unemployment claim, and may continue weekly if you receive benefits via direct deposit and request email notifications. Otherwise, beginning in your third week, filing is bi-weekly.

Beware of the Waiting Week. Your first week of benefits is called a "waiting week" – this means you will not be paid benefits during your first week of eligibility, but you must still file a claim to get credit for waiting.

You should expect your first unemployment benefit payment within three weeks. After your initial payment, you should expect to access benefits through direct deposit or debit card within three business days after your weekly filing.

Unemployment Benefits:

Health care benefits may also be available through the Health Coverage Tax Credit - Check COBRA and The IRS for details.

Ohio workers may be eligible for career assistance. You may also find training assistance at Ohio's One-Stop locations.

Filing for extensions:

If an extended benefit period is declared, based on unemployment rates, and it appears that you qualify, you will be notified with instructions to extend your unemployment benefits.

Ending Unemployment:

When you return to work, file for credit for the remaining few days you didn't work, and report wages earned for the week. Then, just stop filing - when you stop weekly filing, your unemployment benefits automatically end. You may also let a claims representative know your first day of work.


Make sure to keep a copy of your work search record. You may be required to supply copies to the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services.

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