Choosing the Perfect Christmas Tree: Tips to extend enjoyment of a favorite holiday tradition
As urban pumpkin patches give way to tree lots and cut-your-own Christmas tree growers open their ranches for business, its time to start thinking about the selection of your own towering tannenbaum. Of course, you wont be alone in your search: according to the National Christmas Tree Association, around 30 million live Christmas trees are sold each year in the United States. No matter where you buy yours, make sure it stays fresh, green and festive with smart shopping and care.
As with anything that comes into a home decorating scheme, everyone has their own opinions and preferences. The right tree for you is quite simply the one you like best (see Favorite Christmas tree varieties, below); beyond that, all you need are some common-sense shopping guidelines to ensure that the one you select is a good fit in terms of size and freshness.
More Holiday Shopping Help:
Before you head out the door on a Christmas tree quest, settle on a location for your tree and measure both the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the space. While highly visible pride of place is a given, the tree is best located away from heat sources and shouldnt block entrances or routine household traffic.
Once youve got space measurements in hand and your ideal tree aesthetic in mind, start shopping with an eye for freshness. Buying from a cut-your-own tree farm is the best assurance of an ultra-fresh product, but there are plenty of great candidates available at neighborhood lots, too. Just do a freshness test by sharply bending a few of a trees needles with your fingers: except in super-fibrous pine varieties, fresh, green needles will break crisply just like a fresh carrot. Some dry interior needles are natural, but take a pass on any tree that has excessive needle loss and foliage discoloration, wrinkled bark or a musty odor. If youre still in doubt and cant pin down the vendor as to the trees arrival date, move on to another lot.
Care and feeding
Whether youll be putting it up immediately or taking a few days break before doing the trimming, give your tree a trunk trim and a generous drink of water. For outdoor storage, choose a shady, sheltered spot, and before placing the tree in a bucket of water, make a straight cut half an inch from the bottom of the its trunk to aid moisture absorption. The trees first 24 hours at your home are typically its thirstiest, so keep an eye on the water level.
When youre ready to bring your tree indoors for its starring holiday role, make sure youve got a stand suited to its dimensions, with a reservoir allowing one quart of water capacity for every inch of the trunks diameter. Cut another half inch off the bottom of the trees trunk before placing it in the stand (make sure its a straight cut, as tapers or angles dont help absorption or stability), and fill that reservoir with plain tap water. Thats right─plain water. Research has shown that its the best for your tree, and that such additives as bleach, aspirin and fertilizer can actually be detrimental to moisture retention. Keep the reservoir full and the water line above the trunks base via daily checks, and youll enjoy a lush, fresh tree throughout the holidays.
The seasons end will eventually arrive, giving both you and your tree an opportunity to do something good for the environment. Christmas trees can easily be recycled into nutrient-rich mulch, and most cities now have post-holiday collection programs for that purpose. To find one in your area, enter your zip code at www.christmastree.org.
Favorite Christmas tree varieties
Regional availability, decoration style and family tradition all influence tree selection. Heres the scoop on top tree varieties thatll be starring in living rooms around the country this season.
Balsam fir: The Balsam fir is a long-lasting variety with fairly short, dark-green needles, great form and a pleasant scent.
Douglas fir: One of the most popular varieties nationally and frequently the tree of choice in the Pacific Northwest, the Douglas fir has short, soft blue-green needles giving off a sweet fragrance when crushed.
Fraser fir: Dark blue-green color, upward-turning branches and a pleasant scent are the hallmarks of the Fraser fir.
Noble fir: The stiff, well-spaced branches of the Noble fir contribute to its growing popularity for display and wide use in other decorations such as wreaths and swags.
Scotch pine: The most common of American Christmas trees, the Scotch pine is lush and long-lasting, and its needles wont fall when theyre dry.
Virginia pine: The stout, woody branches of the Virginia pine are made for trimming, and its the belle of many a Christmas ball in the South.
White pine: This variety sports flexible, soft bluish-green needles that are two and a half to five inches long. White pines have little aroma but good needle retention and reportedly spur fewer allergic reactions than other tree types.
White spruce: With the best needle retention in the spruce family, the White Spruce makes up for the unpleasant aroma those needles give off when crushed. Short, stiff needle form and a great natural shape contribute to easy decorating.
Colorado blue spruce: The symmetrical form and attractive blue foliage of this variety make it a pleasant holiday addition as well as a frequent feature in perennial landscaping. Just watch out for those sharp needles, which have a bad odor when crushed.
Leyland cypress: The star of many a Southeastern Christmas display, the Leyland cypress has a lovely dark green-gray color and doesnt produce allergy-inducing sap like pine or fir trees.
To go green, go live
If youre thinking that a live tree isnt the most eco-friendly holiday choice, think again. Unlike their mostly plastic, artificial counterparts, live trees contribute positively to the environment where theyre raised, are a renewable resource (one to three seedlings are planted in place of every tree harvested), and are recyclable and biodegradable after their decorative purpose has been fulfilled.
Note: Tom Kraeutler is the Home Improvement Editor for AOL and host of The Money Pit, a nationally syndicated home improvement radio program. To find a local radio station, download the shows podcast or sign-up for Toms free weeklye-newsletter, visit the programs website.