CliffsNotes – Othello

Othello, beset by uncertainty and anxiety, demands proof that his wife, Desdemona, has been unfaithful. Using a handkerchief that Desdemona innocently drops, Iago, pretending to be Othello’s faithful friend, convinces Othello that she has been unfaithful. Iago stages a conversation with the innocent Cassio, purportedly Desdemona’s lover, that further hardens Othello's heart against his wife and her supposed lover. Convinced of his wife's betrayal and enraged and grieving, Othello rushes into act