The unsolved murder mystery of a 1930s cruise ship

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The SS Morro Castle made its maiden voyage in August 1930, and spent four lucrative years carrying passengers from New York to Havana and back.

Named for the fortress which guards Havana Bay, the luxurious 508-foot ocean liner offered up to 489 paying customers a chance to escape from Prohibition and the Depression and enjoy a non-stop liquor-fueled party at sea.

On Sept. 5, 1934, the Morro Castle departed Havana, aiming to reach New York in just 58 hours.

As it continued northward, the ship encountered high winds and the signs of an impending nor'easter.

After eating dinner on the evening of Sept. 7, Captain Robert Wilmott complained of stomach trouble, and shortly thereafter was found dead in his cabin of an apparent heart attack.

Chief Officer William Warms took command as the Morro Castle continued steaming through increasingly high seas.

Just a few hours later, at around 2:50 a.m. on Sept. 8, a fire broke out in a storage locker on B Deck.

High winds fanned the flames through the ornate wooden interiors as the inexperienced and disorganized crew struggled to extinguish the blaze and transmit an SOS signal.

When it became clear the fire could not be contained, many of the crew abandoned ship, leaving the untrained and panicked passengers to fend for themselves.

See the images from the 'accident' below:

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The SS Morro Castle mystery
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The SS Morro Castle mystery
(Original Caption) 9/9/34-Asbury Park, NJ: Scene from the beach at Asbury Park showing the S.S. Morro Castle, still smoking, as she appeared after being beached.
UNITED STATES - SEPTEMBER 08: S.S. Morro Castle disaster in Spring Lake, New Jersey., Here arrow in picture shows a survivor being hauled into shallow water by rescuers. Coast guardmen, clad only in underclothes, rush forward to carry the half-dead man to an ambulance so that he can be rushed to the hospital. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
(Original Caption) An interior view of the Spring Lake firehouse which was converted into a temporary hospital to treat the rescued passengers and crew members of the S.S. Morro Castle. Most of those rescued were landed on the beach here.
(Original Caption) Photo of the S.S. Morro Castle, which eventually beached itself in Asbury Park, N.J., as smoke billows out from its midsection.
Thousands of people gather on the beach to watch the smouldering U.S. steamship Morro Castle at Asbury Park, N.J., Sept. 9, 1934. The luxury liner, returning from Havana, Cuba, to New York City, caught fire off the New Jersey coast Sept. 8, killing 134 people. The survivors were 119 crew and 15 passengers. (AP Photo)
On September 9, 1934 the U.S. steamship Morro Castle caught fire off the New Jersey coast, killing 134. Surviving were 119 crew and only 15 passengers. The ship snapped its tow lines and drifted within a few hundred feet of the Convention Hall in Asbury Park, N.J. In this photo crowds gathered on the beach in Asbury Park to get a look at the still smoldering ship. (AP Photo)
UNITED STATES - SEPTEMBER 12: S.S. Morro Castle disaster in Spring Lake, New Jersey, Tons of water are poured into Morro Castle from barge (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - SEPTEMBER 03: Daily News photographer Larry Froeber is rescued from the smoldering SS Morro Castle after he had collapsed and burned his hands while shooting the fire. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
(Original Caption) A breeches buoy shown reaching the hot sides of the SS Morro Castle as she lay on the beach. Those men, seeking bodies of the 200 victims of yesterday's fire, who already made the transit from beach to boat, are seen leaning over the port rail.
UNITED STATES - SEPTEMBER 09: S.S. Morro Castle disaster in Spring Lake, New Jersey, Before Saturday morning's ghastly nightmare, they used to play shuffleboard and deck tennis here. It's the after part of the boat deck, adjoining the gymnasium. Not a trace of wood remains standing. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - SEPTEMBER 09: S.S. Morro Castle disaster in Spring Lake, New Jersey, The deluxe staterooms on B deck. Gaunt reminders of the luxury that once pervaded this section, iron framework of beds may be seen scattered over the deck. Many passengers were trapped in their cabins. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
Thousands of people gather along the beach at Asbury Park, N.J., to view the smouldering U.S. steamship Morro Castle, Sept. 9, 1934. The luxury liner, returning from Havana, Cuba, to New York City, caught fire off the New Jersey coast Sept. 8, killing 134 people. The survivors were 119 crew and only 15 passengers. (AP Photo)
Chief Officer William F. Warms of the Ward liner S.S. Morro Castle that burned off the coast of New Jersey Sept. 8, after returning to New York, is shown on Staten Island, New York, after the rescue, Sept. 9, 1934. By a strange coincidence, the captain of the ship died of natural causes a few hours before the catastrophe. Officer Warms stuck to the bridge until he was driven from by flames. (AP Photo)
Bomb case suspect George Rogers is shown in this photo taken in an unknown location, March 16, 1935. (AP Photo)
George W. Rogers, radio room hero of the Morro Castle disaster, claps his wife's hand while a policeman lead him out of a courtroom in Jersey City, N.J., Dec. 15, 1938. Rogers was sentenced to from twelve to twenty years in prison on a conviction of trying to kill his superior in the Bayonne, N.J. police department with a home-made bomb. (AP Photo)
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Passengers struggled through the darkness and smoke without direction. Unable to find a lifeboat, many of them leaped into the churning seas to escape the fire. Some suffered broken necks or were knocked unconscious when they hit the water because they had not been told to hold onto their life vests when jumping.

Rescue ships were slow to respond to the SOS and struggled to reach the survivors in the stormy seas.

As news spread of the calamity, people gathered up and down the Jersey Shore to receive lifeboats and retrieve survivors and victims from the surf.

The next morning, the empty, burning ship ran aground on the beach at Asbury Park, New Jersey, just a few hundred feet from the Convention Hall pier.

Out of the 549 passengers and crew on board, 86 passengers and 49 crew had died.

While the smoldering wreck became an instant tourist attraction (complete with postcards and stamped pennies), authorities began to investigate how the fire had started and why the crew had failed to extinguish it.

The ship itself was highly vulnerable to a conflagration. Practically every surface was either covered in veneered wood or flammable paint. The fire doors were ineffective. The water system did not have enough pressure to operate more than a few hydrants at a time. The fire alarms were practically inaudible.

The crew's response to the fire was found to be uncoordinated and incompetent. Acting Captain Warms' decision not to leave the bridge and continue steaming into a headwind was criticized. Passengers had not been trained in emergency procedures, and only six of the twelve lifeboats were lowered.

And then there were the twin mysteries of the captain's death and the fire's origin.

Long after the disaster, the spotlight fell on George W. Rogers, the chief radio engineer.

Rogers had been widely hailed as a singular hero for being one of the few crew members to stay aboard the ship to help save passengers. He had told his story in many interviews, even presenting it on Broadway to sold-out crowds.

His colleagues had always found him to be strange and unsettling, and it was eventually discovered that he had a rather checkered past.

He had been fired from a previous job for stealing equipment, and was a suspect in a mysterious fire at his job before joining the Morro Castle.

After the Morro Castle disaster, Rogers opened a radio repair shop, but it failed. It also suspiciously burned down.

He then joined the Bayonne Police Department as a radio assistant. His boss, Lt. Vincent Doyle, became suspicious of Rogers and probed him with questions about the Morro Castle.

In March 1938, Rogers delivered a fish tank heater to Doyle, saying it needed repairs. When Doyle plugged it in and turned it on, it exploded, nearly killing him.

Rogers was convicted of attempted murder and sentenced to 12 to 20 years in prison. He was paroled in 1942 to fight in World War II, but the military wanted nothing to do with him.

In 1954, he was found guilty of murdering a friend who had loaned him money, along with the friend's daughter. He died in prison four years later.

No evidence was ever found to conclusively tie the suspected arsonist and convicted murderer to the Morro Castle disaster, but theories abound.

Some believe that Rogers poisoned the captain and started the fire. Others suggest the captain's death was a coincidence, and Rogers was hired by the steamship company to burn the ship and collect the insurance, or even that he was a federal informant and the ship was secretly smuggling arms to Cuban rebels.

Whatever the cause, the fire led to the adoption of tighter maritime safety standards, from the use of fire-retardant materials and improved fire doors and alarms to more rigorous emergency training for crew and passengers.

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