Source: Trump looking at fast ways to quit global climate deal

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WASHINGTON/MARRAKESH, Morocco, Nov 13 (Reuters) - President-elect Donald Trump is seeking quick ways to withdraw the United States from a global accord to combat climate change, a source on his transition team said, defying broad international backing for the plan to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Since Trump's election victory on Tuesday, governments ranging from China to small island states have reaffirmed support for the 2015 Paris agreement during climate talks involving 200 nations set to run until Friday in Marrakesh, Morocco.

Trump has called global warming a hoax and has promised to quit the Paris Agreement, which was strongly supported by outgoing Democratic U.S. President Barack Obama.

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A participant holds a sign reading 'There is no Planet B' during the 'Global Climate March' organised by environmental NGOs on November 29, 2015 in Berlin on the eve of the official opening of a 195-nation UN climate summit in Paris. AFP PHOTO / JOHN MACDOUGALL / AFP / JOHN MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 29: Protesters march down Piccadilly during the London Climate March as part of march events around the globe on the same day on November 29, 2015 in London, England. On the eve of the UN Climate Summit in Paris, people across the world are taking to the streets to call for a climate agreement which will deliver a 100% renewable energy future. The London march has been billed as the biggest out of all the 2,200 due to take place around the world. (Photo by Chris Ratcliffe/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 29: Protesters march down Piccadilly during the London Climate March as part of march events around the globe on the same day on November 29, 2015 in London, England. On the eve of the UN Climate Summit in Paris, people across the world are taking to the streets to call for a climate agreement which will deliver a 100% renewable energy future. The London march has been billed as the biggest out of all the 2,200 due to take place around the world. (Photo by Chris Ratcliffe/Getty Images)
People hold hands to form a human chain during a gathering called by ecologist organisations, including 'Altenatiba', in Marseille, southern France, on November 29, 2015 protesting against global warming a day ahead of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP21) held in Paris. AFP PHOTO / BERTRAND LANGLOIS / AFP / BERTRAND LANGLOIS (Photo credit should read BERTRAND LANGLOIS/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold hands to form a human chain during a gathering called by ecologist organisations, including 'Altenatiba', in Marseille, southern France, on November 29, 2015 protesting against global warming a day ahead of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP21) held in Paris. AFP PHOTO / BERTRAND LANGLOIS / AFP / BERTRAND LANGLOIS (Photo credit should read BERTRAND LANGLOIS/AFP/Getty Images)
People march with Tibetan national flags and placards to highlight environmental issues in Tibet during a rally calling for action on climate change on November 29, 2015 in Rome a day before the launch of the COP21 conference in Paris. Some 150 leaders including US President Barack Obama, China's Xi Jinping, India's Narendra Modi and Russia's Vladimir Putin will attend the start of the UN conference Monday, tasked with reaching the first truly universal climate pact. The goal is to limit average global warming to two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), perhaps less, over pre-Industrial Revolution levels by curbing fossil fuel emissions blamed for climate change. AFP PHOTO / TIZIANA FABI / AFP / TIZIANA FABI (Photo credit should read TIZIANA FABI/AFP/Getty Images)
Protestors carry signs reading 'Democracy do not wear it if does not serve us' and 'Politics pisses on us from above, the media says that it is raining' during a rally against global warming on November 29, 2015 in Paris, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. French police fired teargas November 29 to disperse climate change activists in Paris who threw objects at them during a demonstration ahead of key UN talks, AFP reporters said. AFP PHOTO / FRANCOIS GUILLOT / AFP / FRANCOIS GUILLOT (Photo credit should read FRANCOIS GUILLOT/AFP/Getty Images)
Demonstrators clash with riot police during a rally against global warming on November 29, 2015 in Paris, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. French police fired teargas November 29 to disperse climate change activists in Paris who threw objects at them during a demonstration ahead of key UN talks, AFP reporters said. AFP PHOTO / FRANCOIS GUILLOT / AFP / FRANCOIS GUILLOT (Photo credit should read FRANCOIS GUILLOT/AFP/Getty Images)
Climate change demonstrators march to demand curbs to carbon pollution in London on November 29, 2015 on the eve of the climate summit in Paris. Oscar-winner Emma Thompson called on world leaders to grab the 'historic' opportunity to reach a deal on tackling climate change as she joined tens of thousands of environmental protesters in London today. AFP PHOTO / LEON NEAL / AFP / LEON NEAL (Photo credit should read LEON NEAL/AFP/Getty Images)
Climate change demonstrators march to demand curbs to carbon pollution in London on November 29, 2015 on the eve of the climate summit in Paris. Oscar-winner Emma Thompson called on world leaders to grab the 'historic' opportunity to reach a deal on tackling climate change as she joined tens of thousands of environmental protesters in London today. AFP PHOTO / LEON NEAL / AFP / LEON NEAL (Photo credit should read LEON NEAL/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 29: Protesters march down Piccadilly during the London Climate March as part of march events around the globe on the same day on November 29, 2015 in London, England. On the eve of the UN Climate Summit in Paris, people across the world are taking to the streets to call for a climate agreement which will deliver a 100% renewable energy future. The London march has been billed as the biggest out of all the 2,200 due to take place around the world. (Photo by Chris Ratcliffe/Getty Images)
Demonstrators lay on the ground in front of riot police during a rally against global warming on November 29, 2015 in Paris, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. French police fired teargas November 29 to disperse climate change activists in Paris who threw objects at them during a demonstration ahead of key UN talks, AFP reporters said. AFP PHOTO / JOEL SAGET / AFP / JOEL SAGET (Photo credit should read JOEL SAGET/AFP/Getty Images)
People rally in Bordeaux on November 29, 2015, to protest against global warming a day ahead of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP21) held in Paris. The placard reads 'Climatic Justice'. AFP PHOTO / NICOLAS TUCAT / AFP / NICOLAS TUCAT (Photo credit should read NICOLAS TUCAT/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 29: Protesters march down Piccadilly during the London Climate March as part of march events around the globe on the same day on November 29, 2015 in London, England. On the eve of the UN Climate Summit in Paris, people across the world are taking to the streets to call for a climate agreement which will deliver a 100% renewable energy future. The London march has been billed as the biggest out of all the 2,200 due to take place around the world. (Photo by Chris Ratcliffe/Getty Images)
Climate change demonstrators march to demand curbs to carbon pollution in London on November 29, 2015 on the eve of the climate summit in Paris. Oscar-winner Emma Thompson called on world leaders to grab the 'historic' opportunity to reach a deal on tackling climate change as she joined tens of thousands of environmental protesters in London today. AFP PHOTO / LEON NEAL / AFP / LEON NEAL (Photo credit should read LEON NEAL/AFP/Getty Images)
A woman rides a bicycle with a placard reading 'Climate for Peace' (L) as people hold hands to form a human chain, during a gathering called by ecologist organisation 'Altenatiba' in Lyon, central-eastern France, on November 29, 2015, protesting against global warming a day ahead of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP21) held in Paris. AFP PHOTO / ROMAIN LAFABREGUE / AFP / ROMAIN LAFABREGUE (Photo credit should read ROMAIN LAFABREGUE/AFP/Getty Images)
A demonstrator films as protestors clash with riot police during a rally against global warming on November 29, 2015 in Paris, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. French riot police used teargas to contain on November 29 in Paris some hundred protestors, many masked and others threw projectiles, according to journalist from AFP. AFP PHOTO / FRANCOIS GUILLOT / AFP / FRANCOIS GUILLOT (Photo credit should read FRANCOIS GUILLOT/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold hands to form a human chain during a gathering called by ecologist organisation 'Altenatiba' in Lyon, central-eastern France, on November 29, 2015, protesting against global warming a day ahead of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP21) held in Paris. AFP PHOTO / ROMAIN LAFABREGUE. / AFP / ROMAIN LAFABREGUE (Photo credit should read ROMAIN LAFABREGUE/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 29: Dame Vivienne Westwood and guests attend The People's March for Climate, Justice and Jobs ahead of COP21 on November 29, 2015 in London, England. (Photo by David M. Benett/Dave Benett/Getty Images)
Protestors clash with riot police during a rally against global warming on November 29, 2015 in Paris, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. French riot police used teargas to contain on November 29 in Paris some hundred protestors, many masked and others threw projectiles, according to journalist from AFP. AFP PHOTO / JOEL SAGET / AFP / JOEL SAGET (Photo credit should read JOEL SAGET/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 29: Emma Thompson (C) and Dame Vivienne Westwood (2R) attend The People's March for Climate, Justice and Jobs ahead of COP21 on November 29, 2015 in London, England. (Photo by David M. Benett/Dave Benett/Getty Images)
Participants hold placards against the climate change during the 'Global Climate March' on November 29, 2015 in Madrid, called by environmental NGOs on the eve of the official opening of an 195-nation UN climate summit in Paris. About 10,000 people, many holding green balloons, marched through Madrid today to urge some 150 world leaders, including US President Barack Obama, China's Xi Jinping, India's Narendra Modi and Russia's Vladimir Putin to take ambitious action to tackle climate change at crucial talks during the UN conference to start tomorrow in Paris. AFP PHOTO / GERARD JULIEN / AFP / GERARD JULIEN (Photo credit should read GERARD JULIEN/AFP/Getty Images)
Participants wearing a plant on their head hold a sign reading 'let's not disturb them growing, they help us breath' during the 'Global Climate March' organised by environmental NGOs on November 29, 2015 in Berlin on the eve of the official opening of a 195-nation UN climate summit in Paris. AFP PHOTO / JOHN MACDOUGALL / AFP / JOHN MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
A masked demonstrator carries a sign reading 'Monsanto: This nightmare wants to sell our dreams' during a rally against global warming on November 29, 2015 in Paris, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. AFP PHOTO / FRANCOIS GUILLOT / AFP / FRANCOIS GUILLOT (Photo credit should read FRANCOIS GUILLOT/AFP/Getty Images)
A protestor dressed in reference to Star Wars stands before a banner reading 'Defend the climate and democracy, you must' during a rally against global warming on November 29, 2015 in Paris, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. AFP PHOTO / JOEL SAGET / AFP / JOEL SAGET (Photo credit should read JOEL SAGET/AFP/Getty Images)
Participants hold flags and a balloon reading 'Save the climate, stop coal' during the 'Global Climate March' organised by environmental NGOs on November 29, 2015 in Berlin on the eve of the official opening of a 195-nation UN climate summit in Paris. AFP PHOTO / JOHN MACDOUGALL / AFP / JOHN MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 29: Protesters dressed as tigers on Park Lane during the London Climate March as part of march events around the globe on the same day on November 29, 2015 in London, England. On the eve of the UN Climate Summit in Paris, people across the world are taking to the streets to call for a climate agreement which will deliver a 100% renewable energy future. The London march has been billed as the biggest out of all the 2,200 due to take place around the world. (Photo by Chris Ratcliffe/Getty Images)
This photo taken on November 29, 2015 in Paris shows a large-scale marionnette behind a sign reading 'You are not a marionnette' during a rally against global warming, a day ahead of the start of UN conference on climate change COP21. AFP PHOTO / JOEL SAGET / AFP / JOEL SAGET (Photo credit should read JOEL SAGET/AFP/Getty Images)
Participants hold balloons reading 'Save the climate, stop coal' during the 'Global Climate March' organised by environmental NGOs on November 29, 2015 in Berlin on the eve of the official opening of a 195-nation UN climate summit in Paris. AFP PHOTO / JOHN MACDOUGALL / AFP / JOHN MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
Participants hold a banner reading 'Save the earth's climate' while taking part in a demonstration organised by environmental NGOs on November 29, 2015 in Frankfurt am Main, central Germany on the eve of the official opening of a 195-nation UN climate summit in Paris. AFP PHOTO / DPA / FRANK RUMPENHORST GERMANY OUT / AFP / DPA / FRANK RUMPENHORST (Photo credit should read FRANK RUMPENHORST/AFP/Getty Images)
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Trump's advisers are considering ways to bypass a theoretical four-year procedure for leaving the accord, according to the source, who works on Trump's transition team for international energy and climate policy.

"It was reckless for the Paris agreement to enter into force before the election" on Tuesday, the source told Reuters, speaking on condition of anonymity. The Paris accord won enough backing for entry into force on Nov. 4, four days before the election.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said on Sunday in New Zealand that the Obama administration would do everything it could to implement the Paris accord before Trump takes office.

The accord says in its Article 28 that any country wanting to pull out after signing on has to wait four years. In theory, the earliest date for withdrawal would be Nov. 4, 2020, around the time of the next U.S. presidential election.

The source said the future Trump administration is weighing alternatives that could accelerate the pull-out: sending a letter withdrawing from the 1992 international framework accord that is the parent treaty of the Paris Agreement; voiding U.S. involvement in both in a year's time; or issuing a presidential order simply deleting the U.S. signature from the Paris accord.

Withdrawing from the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) would be controversial, partly because it was signed by former Republican President George H.W. Bush in 1992 and approved by the U.S. Senate. The action also could antagonize many other countries.

The UNFCCC sets a goal of avoiding "dangerous" man-made damage to the climate to avert more heat waves, downpours, floods, extinctions of animals and plants and rising sea levels.

The 2015 Paris Agreement is much more explicit, seeking to phase out net greenhouse gas emissions by the second half of the century and limit global warming to "well below" 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times.

Many nations have expressed hope that the United States will stay. But the host of the current round of climate negotiations, Morocco, said the agreement that seeks to phase out greenhouse gases in the second half of the century was strong enough to survive a pullout.

One party deciding to withdraw would not call the agreement into question, Foreign Minister Salaheddine Mezouar told a news conference.

The agreement was reached by almost 200 nations in December and, as of Saturday, has been formally ratified by 109 representing 76 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, including the United States with 18 percent.

The accord seeks to limit rising temperatures that have been linked to increasing economic damage from desertification, extinctions of animals and plants, heat waves, floods and rising sea levels.

U.N. climate chief Patricia Espinosa declined to comment on the Trump source's remarks to Reuters.

"The Paris Agreement carries an enormous amount of weight and credibility," Espinosa told a news conference.

She said the United Nations hoped for a strong and constructive relationship with Trump.

The Trump source said the president-elect's transition team is aware of the likely international backlash but said Republicans in the U.S. Congress have given ample warning that a Republican administration would take action to reverse course.

"The Republican Party on multiple occasions has sent signals to the international community signaling that it doesn't agree with the pact. We've gone out of our way to give notice," the source said.

The source blamed Obama for joining up by an executive order, without getting approval from the U.S. Senate.

"There wouldn't be this diplomatic fallout on the broader international agenda if Obama hadn't rushed the adoption," the source said.

(Reporting by Valerie Volcovici in Washington and Alister Doyle in Morocco; Editing by John Stonestreet and Will Dunham)

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