Syrian rebels launch Aleppo counter-attack to break siege

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Syrian rebels including jihadists counter-attacked the army and its allies on Friday aiming to break a weeks-long siege on eastern Aleppo, insurgents said.

The assault, employing heavy shelling and suicide car bombs, was mainly focused on the city's western edge by rebels based in the countryside outside Aleppo. It included Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, a former affiliate of al Qaeda previously known as the Nusra Front, and groups fighting under the Free Syrian Army (FSA) banner.

The offensive prompted the Russian Defence Ministry to ask President Vladimir Putin for permission to resume air strikes against militants in rebel-held eastern Aleppo after 10 days in which the army said it had not struck, Russia's Interfax news agency reported. But Putin said it was unnecessary to resume strikes yet, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a British-based war monitor, said more than 15 civilians had been killed and 100 wounded by rebel shelling of government-held western Aleppo. State media reported that seven civilians were killed.

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Syrian director Humam Husari (wearing pink) directs actors while cameraman Sami al-Shami operates a camera as they film a scene in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES. TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Men hold a white cloth over actors as they perform a scene in a film directed by Humam Husari in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Actors are seen on a set during filming of a film directed by Humam Husari in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Actors perform a scene in a film directed by Humam Husari in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Syrian director Humam Husari (wearing pink) directs actors while cameraman Sami al-Shami (wearing white) operates a camera as they film a scene in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Syrian director Humam Husari (wearing pink) and cameraman Sami al-Shami (far right) operate a camera as they film a scene in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Syrian director Humam Husari (center left) and cameraman Sami al-Shami (center right) operate a camera as they film a scene in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
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Syrian director Humam Husari (R) and cameraman Sami al-Shami (C) operate a camera as they film a scene in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
A young man films behind-the-scenes of a film directed by Humam Husari in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Director Humam Husari edits his film after finishing the filming phase at his office in the rebel held Douma neighbourhood of Damascus, Syria October 5, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Lighting equipment and a monitor for a film directed by Humam Husari are put against the wall during filming in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the Damascus suburbs, Syria September 19, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
Crew of a film directed by Humam Husari (raising his hand) gather on a table after the end of filming in the rebel-held besieged town of Zamalka, in the rebel held Douma neighbourhood of Damascus, Syria October 6, 2016.REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
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Director Humam Husari edits his film after finishing the filming at his office in the rebel held Douma neighbourhood of Damascus, Syria October 5, 2016. REUTERS/Bassam Khabieh SEARCH "SYRIA FILM" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. THE IMAGES SHOULD ONLY BE USED TOGETHER WITH THE STORY - NO STAND-ALONE USES.
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There were conflicting accounts of advances in areas on the city's outskirts.

Aleppo, Syria's biggest pre-war city, has become the main theater of conflict between President Bashar al-Assad, backed by Iran, Russia and Shi'ite militias, and Sunni rebels including some supported by Turkey, Gulf monarchies and the United States.

The city has been divided for years between the government-held western sector and rebel-held east, which the army and its allies put under siege this summer and where they launched a new offensive in September that medics say has killed hundreds.

Photographs showed insurgents approaching Aleppo in tanks, armored vehicles, bulldozers, make-shift mine sweepers, pick-up trucks and on motorcycles, and showed a large column of smoke rising in the distance after an explosion. Fateh al-Sham said in a statement that rebels had gained control over Dahiyet al-Assad, a suburb with a low-rise residential district of about a square kilometer on the southwest corner of the city.

Zakaria Malahifji, an official with Fastaqim, a nationalist rebel group in the offensive, said insurgents had captured the residential area but not the whole of Dahiyet al-Assad. The Observatory said rebels had gained most of the suburb.

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Men drive a motorcycle near a damaged aid truck after an airstrike on the rebel held Urm al-Kubra town, western Aleppo city, Syria September 20, 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah
A damaged UNHCR truck is pictured after an airstrike on the rebel held Urm al-Kubra town, western Aleppo city, Syria September 20, 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah
A Civil Defence member and a man put out a fire after an airstrike on the rebel held Urm al-Kubra town, western Aleppo city, Syria September 20, 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah
Damaged aid trucks are pictured after an airstrike on the rebel held Urm al-Kubra town, western Aleppo city, Syria September 20, 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah
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A boy inspects a damaged aid truck after an airstrike on the rebel held Urm al-Kubra town, western Aleppo city, Syria September 20, 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah 
Damaged Red Cross and Red Crescent medical supplies lie inside a warehouse after an airstrike on the rebel held Urm al-Kubra town, western Aleppo city, Syria September 20, 2016. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah 
ALEPPO, SYRIA - SEPTEMBER 20 : Wreckage of Syrian Red Crescent aid trucks are seen aid trucks were hit by airstrikes at Urum al-Kubra region in Aleppo, Syria on September 20,2 (Photo by Ahmad Hasan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
ALEPPO, SYRIA - SEPTEMBER 20 : Wreckage of Syrian Red Crescent aid trucks are seen aid trucks were hit by airstrikes at Urum al-Kubra region in Aleppo, Syria on September 20,2 (Photo by Ahmad Hasan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
ALEPPO, SYRIA - SEPTEMBER 20 : Wreckage of Syrian Red Crescent aid trucks are seen aid trucks were hit by airstrikes at Urum al-Kubra region in Aleppo, Syria on September 20,2 (Photo by Ahmad Hasan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
ALEPPO, SYRIA - SEPTEMBER 20 : Wreckage of Syrian Red Crescent aid trucks are seen aid trucks were hit by airstrikes at Urum al-Kubra region in Aleppo, Syria on September 20,2 (Photo by Ahmad Hasan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
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But a Syrian military source said earlier that the army and its allies had thwarted what he called "an extensive attack" on south and west Aleppo. A state television station reported that the army had destroyed four car bombs.

Abu Anas al-Shami, a member of the Fateh al-Sham media office, told Reuters from Syria the group had carried out two "martyrdom operations", after which its fighters had gone in and had been able to "liberate a number of important areas". A third such attack had been carried out by another Islamist group.

A senior official in the Levant Front, an FSA group, said: "There is a general call-up for anyone who can bear arms." "The preparatory shelling started this morning," he added.

Heavy rebel bombardment, with more than 150 rockets and shells, struck southwestern districts, the Observatory said.Fateh al-Sham played a big part in a rebel attack in July that managed to break the government siege on eastern Aleppo for several weeks before it was reimposed.

Abu Youssef al-Mouhajir, an official from the powerful Ahrar al-Sham Islamist group, said the extent of cooperation between the different rebel factions was unusual, and that the largest axis of attack was on the western edge of the city.

"This long axis disperses the enemy and it provides us with good cover in the sense that the enemy's attacks are not focused," he said.The powerful role played by Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, listed by many countries as a terrorist group, has complicated Western policy toward supporting the anti-Assad opposition.

The United States has prevented more powerful weapons such as anti-aircraft missiles from being supplied to rebels partly out of fear they could end up in jihadist hands. The Syrian military source said Friday's attack had been launched in coordination with Islamic State, a group against which all the other rebels, including Fateh al-Sham, have fought.

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In this still image taken from video provided by the Syrian government-controlled Syrian Central Military Media, damaged buildings inside the Bustan Al-Basha neighborhood of Aleppo, Syria on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2016. The footage shows extensive destruction to buildings in the neighborhood and a factory of hand-made bombs using home gas bottles as shells. (Syrian Central Military Media via AP)
In this still image taken from video provided by the Syrian government-controlled Syrian Central Military Media, government troops patrol inside the Bustan Al-Basha neighborhood of Aleppo, Syria on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2016. The footage shows extensive destruction to buildings in the neighborhood and a factory of hand-made bombs using home gas bottles as shells. (Syrian Central Military Media via AP)
This satellite image released by the United Nations, shows a damaged industrial area of the Karm ad- Da'Da' district of Aleppo, Syria, Sept. 25, 2016. One official with the U.N.'s satellite imagery program says new pictures from rebel-held parts areas of the city show "an awful lot of new damage" _ presumably by airstrikes. The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege. (Digital Globe, US Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit, UNITAR-UNOSAT via AP)
This satellite image released by the United Nations, shows damaged houses in the Ayn at-Tal district of Aleppo, Syria, Sept. 25, 2016. One official with the U.N.'s satellite imagery program says new pictures from rebel-held parts areas of the city show "an awful lot of new damage" _ presumably by airstrikes. The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege. (Digital Globe, US Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit, UNITAR-UNOSAT via AP)
This satellite images released by the United Nations, shows road damage and craters, in the Sha'ar district of Aleppo, Syria, Sept. 18, 2016. One official with the U.N.'s satellite imagery program saying new pictures from rebel-held parts areas of the city show "an awful lot of new damage" _ presumably by airstrikes. The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege. (Digital Globe, US Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit, UNITAR-UNOSAT via AP)
This satellite image released by the United Nations, shows destroyed houses and a damaged school in the Tahal Jabal Badro district of Aleppo, Syria, Sept. 25, 2016. One official with the U.N.'s satellite imagery program says new pictures from rebel-held parts areas of the city show "an awful lot of new damage" _ presumably by airstrikes. The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege. (Digital Globe, US Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit, UNITAR-UNOSAT via AP)
This satellite images released by the United Nations, shows road damage and craters, in the Sha'ar district of Aleppo, Syria, Sept. 25, 2016. One official with the U.N.'s satellite imagery program saying new pictures from rebel-held parts areas of the city show "an awful lot of new damage" _ presumably by airstrikes. The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege. (Digital Globe, US Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit, UNITAR-UNOSAT via AP)
This satellite image released by the United Nations, shows destroyed houses in the Karm ad-Da'a' district of Aleppo, Syria, Sept. 25, 2016. One official with the U.N.'s satellite imagery program saying new pictures from rebel-held parts areas of the city show "an awful lot of new damage" _ presumably by airstrikes. The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege. (Digital Globe, US Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit, UNITAR-UNOSAT via AP)
This satellite images released by the United Nations, shows destroyed houses in the Karm ad Da'a' district of Aleppo, Syria, Sept. 18, 2016. One official with the U.N.'s satellite imagery program saying new pictures from rebel-held parts areas of the city show "an awful lot of new damage" _ presumably by airstrikes. The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege. (DIGITAL GLOBE, US Department of State, Humanitarian Information Unit, UNITAR-UNOSAT via AP)
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Islamic State fighters did clash with the Syrian army on Friday at a government-held airbase 37km (23 miles) east of Aleppo, next to territory the jihadist group already controls, the Observatory reported.

Syria's civil war, now in its sixth year, has killed hundreds of thousands of people, displaced half the country's pre-war population, dragged in regional and global powers and caused a refugee crisis in the Middle East and Europe.

Mouhajir, the Ahrar al-Sham official, said cloudy weather was helping to reduce the aerial advantage enjoyed by the Syrian military and its Russian allies. Inside Aleppo, tyres were also burnt to create a smokescreen against air strikes.

Grad rockets were launched at Aleppo's Nairab air base before the assault began said Malahifji of the Fastaqim rebel group, adding that it was going to be "a big battle".

The Observatory also said that Grad surface-to-surface rockets had struck locations around the Hmeimim air base, near Latakia.

(Additional reporting by Tom Perry and Lisa Barrington in Beirut and Polina Devitt in Moscow; Writing by Angus McDowall, Editing by Angus MacSwan/Tom Perry)

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