New treatment may reverse Alzheimer's disease

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Researchers have created a new drug in the hopes of both preventing and reversing signs of Alzheimer's disease.

According to The Alzheimer's Association, nearly 5 million people in the United States are currently living with the disease. A majority of these patients are over 60 years old, and the disease is one of the leading causes of death in the States.

The disease creates inflammation in the brain, damaging the ability of the brain cells to function and thus causing memory loss.

However, scientists at the Cleveland Clinic in Chicago are striving to stop that with an experimental medicine called NTRX-07.

By controlling the brain's swelling and preventing neuron damage, the medicine will hopefully "target the cause of the disease, not just the symptoms," explained lead researcher Mohamed Naguib.

It will also remove the abnormal protein clumps and tangles in the brain that trigger the illness.

When the medicine was tested on mice with similar neurodegenerative issues, it helped not only restore memory, but cognitive ability as well. This gives hope to those already affected by the disease.

Clinical trials on patients with Alzheimer's will begin in 2017.

Scroll through to see notable people with the disease:

Notable people with Alzheimer's
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Notable people with Alzheimer's
This file photo dated 04 November, 1991 shows US President Ronald Reagan giving a speech at the dedication of the library bearing his name in Simi Valley, California. He was US president from 1981 to 1989 and retreated from public life after it was revealed he was suffering from Alzheimer's disease. (Photo by J. David Ake, AFP/Getty Images)
In this Jan. 28, 2013, file photo, Tennessee head coach emeritus Pat Summitt smiles as a banner is raised in her honor before an NCAA college basketball game against Notre Dame in Knoxville, Tenn. Tennessee seniors Cierra Burdick and Ariel Massengale were part of the last class of Lady Vols to play for Pat Summitt. (AP Photo/Wade Payne, File)
Glenn Campbell performs during The Goodbye Tour at the Ryman Auditorium on January 3, 2012 in Nashville, Tennessee. (Photo by Ed Rode/Getty Images)
Picture dated 18 May 1991 of US actor Charles Bronson during the 44th Cannes film festival, southern France. Bronson died 30 August 2003 in Los Angeles of complications from pneumonia. (Photo by Gerard Julien, AFP/Getty Images)
American painter Norman Rockwell, 75, poses in his Stockbridge, Mass., studio on Feb. 12, 1977. (AP Photo)
Boxer Sugar Ray Robinson in posed action, May 8, 1947. (AP Photo)
Abigail Van Buren, the 71-year-old advice columnist, was in Seattle to address the fall meeting of the Pacific Northwest Newspaper Association, Sept. 28, 1989. (AP Photo/Robert Kaiser)
Actor Peter Falk on March 10, 1989 at his home in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Nick Ut)
Undated file photo of American actress and film star Rita Hayworth.(AP Photo)
392653 01: Actor Burgess Meredith performs in the television show 'The Twilight Zone.' (Photo Courtesy of Sci Fi Channel/Getty Images)
Actress Estelle Getty of "The Golden Girls" is shown at Trumps Restaurant in West Hollywood Jan. 29, 1986. (AP Photo/Steve Dakes)
LOS ANGELES - AUGUST 31: Actor James Doohan recieves his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame August 31, 2004 in Los Angeles, California. (Photo by Mark Mainz/Getty Images)

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