Brazil's president has been impeached

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Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff is impeached. What happens now?

Dilma Rousseff, the president of Brazil, has been impeached for hiding the country's declining economic situation during an election year in order to win reelection in 2014.

Brazilian senators voted to impeach her 61 to 20. Her vice president, Michel Temer, will serve as interim president until an election in 2018.

Since Rousseff's reelection, her term in office (her second) had been marred in unceasing scandal. Earlier that year the country's judiciary branch carried out a massive anti-corruption sting in Brazil quasi-state oil company, Petrobras.

The mission was called Operation Car Wash, and what authorities uncovered was that corrupt politicians from all leading parties had siphoned over $2 billion from the company in order to pay kickbacks and favors for Brazil's elite.

Click through images of demonstrations and protests in Brazil:

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Brazil impeachment -- demonstrations and protests
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Brazil impeachment -- demonstrations and protests
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Pro-impeachment supporters watch a live television broadcast as lower house deputies cast their votes in the impeachment process of President Dilma Rousseff on April 17, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. President Rousseff is facing a crucial impeachment vote in the lower house of Congress today. Rio will host the Rio 2016 Olympic Games in August. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
Brazilians in favor of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff react while watching the televised voting of the Lower House of Congress over her impeachment in Brasilia, Brazil April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Adriano Machado TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
SAO PAULO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Giant balloons depicting President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff and former President of Brazil Inacio Lula Da Silva are displayed by protesters in favor of impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff on April 17, 2016 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The Lower House of Congress will hold a vote on whether to impeach Rousseff over charges of manipulating government accounts for political gains. (Photo by Cris Faga/LatinContent/Getty Images)
SAO PAULO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Protesters in favor of impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff protest in the streets on April 17, 2016 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The Lower House of Congress will hold a vote on whether to impeach Rousseff over charges of manipulating government accounts for political gains. (Photo by Cris Faga/LatinContent/Getty Images)
Brazilians in favor of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff react while watching the televised voting of the Lower House of Congress over her impeachment in Brasilia, Brazil April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Adriano Machado
Brazilians in favor of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff react while watching the televised voting of the Lower House of Congress over her impeachment in Brasilia, Brazil April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Adriano Machado
SAO PAULO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Protesters in favor of impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff protest in the streets April 17, 2016 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The Lower House of Congress will hold a vote on whether to impeach Rousseff over charges of manipulating government accounts for political gains. (Photo by Victor Moriyama/Getty Images)
Brazilians in favor of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff react while watching the televised voting of the Lower House of Congress over her impeachment in Brasilia, Brazil April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Adriano Machado
A supporter of Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff follows on big screens in Sao Paulo, the voting of lawmakers at the Congress in Brasilia on whether the impeachment of Rousseff will move forward, on April 17, 2016. The voting followed a raucous debate that transfixed the deeply divided nation. The opposition needs a total of 342 out of the 513 deputies in the lower house of Congress to authorize the trial. Rousseff, whose approval rating has plunged to a dismal 10 percent, faces charges of embellishing public accounts to mask the budget deficit during her 2014 reelection. / AFP / Miguel Schincariol (Photo credit should read MIGUEL SCHINCARIOL/AFP/Getty Images)
Supporters of Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff follow on big screens in Sao Paulo, the voting of lawmakers at the Congress in Brasilia on whether the impeachment of Rousseff will move forward, on April 17, 2016. The voting followed a raucous debate that transfixed the deeply divided nation. The opposition needs a total of 342 out of the 513 deputies in the lower house of Congress to authorize the trial. Rousseff, whose approval rating has plunged to a dismal 10 percent, faces charges of embellishing public accounts to mask the budget deficit during her 2014 reelection. / AFP / Miguel Schincariol (Photo credit should read MIGUEL SCHINCARIOL/AFP/Getty Images)
SAO PAULO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Protesters opposed to the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff protest in the streets April 17, 2016 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The Lower House of Congress will hold a vote on whether to impeach Rousseff over charges of manipulating government accounts for political gains. (Photo by Victor Moriyama/Getty Images)
Brazilians in favor of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff react while watching the televised voting of the Lower House of Congress over her impeachment in Brasilia, Brazil April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Adriano Machado
Brazilians in favor of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff watch the televised voting of the Lower House of Congress over her impeachment in Brasilia, Brazil April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Adriano Machado
Activists supporting the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff take part in a demonstration in Sao Paulo Brazil on April 17 2016. Brazilian lawmakers voted Sunday on whether President Dilma Rousseff should face impeachment trial in a tense, at times circus-like showdown watched live by millions around the deeply divided country. / AFP / NELSON ALMEIDA (Photo credit should read NELSON ALMEIDA/AFP/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Pro-impeachment supporters watch a live television broadcast before lower house deputies cast their votes in the impeachment process of President Dilma Rousseff on April 17, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. President Rousseff is facing a crucial impeachment vote in the lower house of Congress today. Rio will host the Rio 2016 Olympic Games in August. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
SAO PAULO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Protesters opposed to the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff protest in the streets April 17, 2016 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The Lower House of Congress will hold a vote on whether to impeach Rousseff over charges of manipulating government accounts for political gains. (Photo by Victor Moriyama/Getty Images)
SAO PAULO, BRAZIL - APRIL 17: Protesters opposed to the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff protest in the streets April 17, 2016 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The Lower House of Congress will hold a vote on whether to impeach Rousseff over charges of manipulating government accounts for political gains. (Photo by Victor Moriyama/Getty Images)
Brazilians in favor of the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff watch the televised voting of the Lower House of Congress over her impeachment in Brasilia, Brazil April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Adriano Machado
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It didn't help that at the same time Brazil's economy was starting to fail thanks to a global commodities price slump.

During this time, Rousseff's favorability fell to as low as 7%. Massive protests broke out across the country as a general rage over the scandal hit fever pitch. Some citizens even called for thereturn of military rule.

However, Rousseff was never directly implicated in Operation Car Wash, despite the fact that she served as the chairwoman of Petrobras' board from 2003 to 2010. That was during the rule of her predecessor and mentor, Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, who has also been accused of corruption.

Alternatively, some politicians who have moved aggressively to impeach Rousseff have been implicated in Operation Car Wash. This includes interim President Michel Temer, Rousseff's Vice President from her largest opposition party. He has been accused of participating in an illegal ethanol-purchasing program and making illegal donations among other thing.

This is why some, including Rousseff herself, have called this impeachment vote "a coup."

Coup or not, what's clear is that Brazil's political and economic problems will not go away with Rousseff's ouster. Inflation and unemployment are still high and commodities prices, the country's main exports, are still low. Analysts at HSBC believe the market's attention will quickly turn from Rousseff to fixing Brazil's economy through key, sometimes painful, reforms.

And, of course, the political cleansing that started with Operation Car Wash is by no means over. Temer is as unpopular in Brazil as Rousseff was, and on Tuesday night before the vote both pro and anti Rousseff protesters took to the streets.

The people are still divided. This isn't over.

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