Out of sight, out of mind? Europe's migrant crisis still simmers

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Europe's migrant crisis more out of sight than last year
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Europe's migrant crisis more out of sight than last year
Migrants walk towards the Hungarian border after arriving at the train station in Botovo, Croatia September 24, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
An empty street is seen in Botovo, near Croatia-Hungary border, Croatia, May 26, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows migrants walking towards the Hungarian border after arriving at the train station in Botovo, Croatia September 24, 2015 (top) and the same location May 26, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
A volunteer cleans up a train station in Tovarnik, Croatia September 21, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty train station is seen in Tovarnik, Croatia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows a volunteer cleaning up a train station in Tovarnik, Croatia September 21, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Migrants sit along a road as they wait to cross the border with Croatia near the village of Berkasovo, Serbia October 21, 2015. REUTERS/Marko Djurica/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty street is seen in Berkasovo, near Serbia and Croatia border, Serbia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows migrants sitting along a road as they are waiting to cross the border with Croatia near the village of Berkasovo, Serbia October 21, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Marko Djurica (top)/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Migrants try to enter a train at a train station in Tovarnik, Croatia, September 18, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty train station is seen in Tovarnik, Croatia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows migrants waiting to board a train at a train station in Tovarnik, Croatia, September 18, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Migrants walk from Dobova towards a transit camp in Brezice, Slovenia October 21, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A person cycles along a street in Brezice, Slovenia, May 23, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows migrants walking from Dobova towards a transit camp in Brezice, Slovenia October 21, 2015 (top) and the same location May 23, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Migrants stand in a cemetery as they wait to board buses, after crossing the border from Serbia, near Tovarnik, Croatia September 24, 2015. REUTERS/Marko Djurica/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A graveyard is seen between Serbia and Croatia border crossing, near Tovarnik, Croatia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows migrants standing in a cemetery as they are waiting to board buses, after crossing the border from Serbia, near Tovarnik, Croatia September 24, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Marko Djurica (top)/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
A migrant child walks towards the border crossing with Croatia near the village of Berkasovo, Serbia, October 12, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty street is seen in Berkasovo, near Serbia and Croatia border, Serbia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows a migrant child walking towards the border crossing with Croatia near the village of Berkasovo, Serbia, October 12, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Migrants wait to board a train at the station in Tovarnik, Croatia, September 20, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty train station is seen in Tovarnik, Croatia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows migrants waiting to board a train at the station in Tovarnik, Croatia, September 20, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Migrants sit on railway tracks at a train station in Tovarnik, Croatia, September 20, 2015. Reuters/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty train station is seen in Tovarnik, Croatia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows migrants sitting on railway tracks at a train station in Tovarnik, Croatia, September 20, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Policemen maintain order as migrants are held to wait for buses at the border crossing between Serbia and Croatia near Trnava, Croatia September 21, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A border crossing between Serbia and Croatia is seen near Tovarnik, Croatia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows policemen maintaining order as migrants are held to wait for buses at the border crossing between Serbia and Croatia near Tovarnik, Croatia September 21, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
Policemen direct migrants during a stampede to board a bus in Tovarnik, Croatia September 17, 2015. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty street is seen next to a train station in Tovarnik, Croatia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows policemen directing migrants during a stampede to board a bus in Tovarnik, Croatia September 17, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A humanitarian volunteer tries to help migrants as they wait to cross the border with Croatia near the village of Berkasovo, Serbia October 23, 2015. REUTERS/Marko Djurica/File Photo SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
An empty street is seen in Berkasovo, near Serbia and Croatia border, Serbia, May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
A combination picture shows a humanitarian volunteer trying to help migrants as they are waiting to cross the border with Croatia near the village of Berkasovo, Serbia October 23, 2015 (top) and the same location May 27, 2016. REUTERS/Marko Djurica (top)/Antonio Bronic SEARCH "MIGRANTS ROUTES" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES
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ATHENS/ZAGREB, Aug 10 (Reuters) - A year after hundreds of thousands of refugees snaked their way across southeastern Europe and onto global television screens, the roads through the Balkans are now clear, depriving an arguably worsening tragedy of poignant visibility.

Europe's migrant crisis is at the very least numerically worse than it was last year. More people are arriving and more are dying. But the twist is that, compared with last year, a lot of it is out of sight.

Take the border between Greece and Macedonia. Summer crops have replaced the city of tents at the border outpost of Idomeni, even if some locals are convinced there is an unseen population hiding in the surrounding forests, waiting for smugglers to assist them on their onward journey.

SEE ALSO: Tempers flare as temperatures soar at Rome's 'Gloomy Street' migrant center
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The tiny Greek village was a focal point of the migrant flow north towards Germany and other wealthy countries, with thousands of refugees squatting for months waiting for sealed borders with Macedonia to open

Elsewhere in the Balkans, a Reuters photographer, revisiting the people-packed locations where he and his colleagues captured last year's diaspora, found empty roads, unencumbered railway tracks and bucolic countryside.

The comparison is stark.

More than one million people fleeing conflict in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan made their way to Europe last year, with the majority of them crossing the precarious sea corridor separating Greece and Turkey, the temporary home for more than 2 million refugees displaced from Syria.ó

They came carrying their worldly belongings in plastic bags and hauling babies on weary shoulders, a visual exodus of the kind not seen in Europe since the end of World War Two.

Many have since reached their destination in northern Europe, but with the borders closed and the European Union now attempting to contain the numbers, thousands are stuck at holding centers in Greece and Italy.

They are not so nearly visible there - nor are the ones still coming.

Italian coast guard rescues over 300 migrants at sea

VISIBILITY DOWN, ARRIVALS UP

According to data from the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), arrivals are up 17 percent on last year, stoked mainly by a spike at the start of the year through Greece.

Deaths among those trying to get to Europe, mainly due to drowning, are up more than 15 percent.

"This is not a blip," said David Miliband, a former British foreign minister who now heads the International Rescue Committee, an aid group set up by Albert Einstein - himself a refugee - to rescue Europeans before the outbreak of World War Two.

"The forces that are driving more and more people from their homes - weak states, big tumults within the Islamic world, a divided international system .. None of these things are likely to abate soon."

Some of the mantle of accepting huge migrant flows that was carried by Greece last year and the beginning of this one has been taken up by Italy.

This follows a resurgence of migrant flows from northern Africa. More than 140,000 asylum seekers are now housed in Italian shelters, a seven-fold increase on 2013, with the migrant crisis in its third year.

In Greece, where arrivals plunged in the wake of an accord between Turkey and the EU to stem the flow in March, an estimated 57,000 migrants were still stuck in the country by Aug.8.

Related: Witnessing a migrant rescue at sea:

33 PHOTOS
Witnessing a migrant rescue at sea
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Witnessing a migrant rescue at sea
Rescue swimmers of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) take part in a training exercise off the MOAS ship Topaz Responder as the ship stands by for migrants in distress, in international waters off the coast of Libya, June 22, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A fast rescue daughter craft (FRDC) is seen at the stern of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder as it stands by for migrant search and rescue operations off the coast of Libya, June 21, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA.
A migrant listens to instructions from Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) personnel on the MOAS ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants are searched by Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) personnel after boarding the MOAS rescue ship Topaz Responder around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Rescue swimmers of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) and medical staff from Italian NGO EMERGENCY take part in a training exercise off the MOAS ship Topaz Responder, as the ship stands by for migrants in distress, in international waters off the coast of Libya, June 22, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit LupiSEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants rest on the deck of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Nurses from EMERGENCY, an Italian NGO, treat a migrant and her baby on board the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) rescue ship Topaz Responder after they were rescued some 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA.
A migrant prays on his knees after boarding the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) rescue ship Topaz Responder around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A crew member on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder watches the sunset as the ship stands by for migrants in distress in international waters off the coast of Libya, June 21, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "MOSHA" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A crew member on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder looks at navigation charts as the ship stands by for migrants in distress in international waters off the coast of Libya, June 21, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Crew members on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder wait to transfer supplies to the MOAS ship Phoenix in international waters off the coast of Libya, June 18, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants rest on the deck of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A migrant rests on the deck of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
The Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder tests its fire hoses during a crew training exercise as the ship stands by for migrants in distress in international waters off the coast of Libya, June 22, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A migrant rests on the deck of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A migrant is comforted by a friend after being rescued, on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder, around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A cultural mediator from Italian NGO EMERGENCY carries a migrant baby on board the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) rescue ship Topaz Responder around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Migrants in a dinghy reach out for life jackets thrown to them by rescuers of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) some 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA.
Migrants are transferred from the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder to an Italian Coast Guard vessel after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A migrant prays on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A migrant prays on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
A collapsed migrant is assisted by Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) rescuers after boarding the MOAS ship Topaz Responder around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants in a dinghy wait to climb aboard the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) rescue ship Topaz Responder around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants embrace on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A migrant eats a biscuit on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Migrants rest on the deck of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder after being rescued around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants in a dinghy await rescue by the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS), around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Migrants in a dinghy climb aboard the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants in a dinghy await rescue by the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS), around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A Spanish plane and Italian Navy ship pass near migrants in a dinghy awaiting rescue by the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS), around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
A crew member on the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Topaz Responder looks out for migrants in distress in international waters, off the coast of Libya, June 21, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi SEARCH "RESCUE MOAS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "THE WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA
Migrants in a dinghy await rescue by the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) around 20 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, June 23, 2016. Picture taken June 23, 2016. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi MALTA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN MALTA TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
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Campaigners say the accord has lulled policymakers into a false sense of accomplishment by allowing them to believe that Europe's migration problem has been solved.

"By outsourcing the responsibility to Turkey and to Greece, European governments are basically saying 'we have solved the crisis because we don't see it, and we can't smell it and we can't hear it," said Gauri van Gulik, deputy Europe director at Amnesty International.

"The crisis is as big as ever, and as yet unsolved by governments," she told Reuters.

IOM data says that 258,186 people arrived in Europe by the end of July, compared with 219,854 over the same period in 2015.

There were 3,176 fatalities by Aug. 7, outpacing the 2,754 who died in the first eight months of last year, a slightly longer period.

"Its absolutely incredible because if you think about the panic this caused last year and the incentive there was to really get some policy changes in place, nothing has happened," Van Gulik said.

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