New Connecticut school on massacre site blends safety and nature

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Newly constructed Sandy Hook
The front of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School, built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre, is pictured in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
Newtown Superintendent Dr. Joseph V. Erardi, Jr. and First Selectman Pat Llodra (R) unveil the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. The new school was built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
Principal Dr. Kathy Gombos (C) addresses the media during the unveiling of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. The new school was built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
One of the playgrounds of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School is unveiled by officials in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. The school was built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
The gymnasium of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School is unveiled by officials in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. The school was built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
Sandy Hook and Newtown fridge magnets in a second grade classroom of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School, built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre, are pictured in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
Student lockers and supplies in a second grade classroom of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School, built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre, are pictured in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
Officials unveil the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School, including this second grade classroom, built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre, in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
Members of the media tour the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. The new school was built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin Ã
The center courtyard of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School, built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre, is pictured in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
The sign for the new Sandy Hook Elementary School at the end of the drive leading to the school is pictured in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. The officials unveiled the newly constructed school, built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
The front of the newly constructed Sandy Hook Elementary School, built to replace the building torn down after a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six educators in a 2012 massacre, is pictured in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S. July 29, 2016. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin
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When the children of Newtown, Connecticut, report to the new Sandy Hook Elementary School next month, they will enter a building carefully designed to protect them from the unthinkable.

The $50 million structure replaces the building that a deranged man entered on Dec. 14, 2012, and mowed down 20 children and six educators with assault weapons in one of the worst mass shootings in U.S. history.

While the new school may never erase the pain of that day, officials believe its state-of-the-art safety features will keep the young students of this small Connecticut town safe from any threat.

"We wanted to create a space at the highest levels to honor every victim, every student, every family," said Newtown First Selectwoman Patricia Llodra during a media tour of the school on Friday.

The old school was demolished in 2013, a few months after the killings. Since then, students and faculty have used a vacant school in nearby Monroe while officials planned and built the 86,000-square-foot replacement with state aid.

The new facility, which will house more than 500 students from pre-K through fourth grade when it opens next month, will retain its predecessor's name.

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The school's design was the result of dozens of meetings among Sandy Hook educators, families, community members, architects and builders. Among its special features is a memorial garden built on the site of the two classrooms where the most students and teachers died.

"Our job was to listen," said Julia McFadden, associate principal of Svigals + Partners, lead architects on the project. "Items like the rain garden created a buffer zone to the school and was a safety feature. Safety features were integrated, but not bluntly obvious."

School Superintendent Joseph Erardi, who joined the district in 2014, said some of the top school-safety experts in the country reviewed and approved the design.

While school officials declined to point out all of the safety features, some are obvious. Teachers can lock classroom doors and windows from the inside, and key cards are required at entrances and exits throughout the school. Video surveillance is a central part of the overall plan.

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The school also integrates many naturalistic features, part of the design team's efforts to mitigate any fear or anxieties that may arise among teachers and students.

About 35 returning students were in kindergarten at the time of the shooting and are now returning as fourth graders.

For example, a wood façade was completed in uneven waves designed to replicate the hills of Newtown, some 70 hills north of New York City. Foot bridges crossing a stone brook and garden give access to each of the school's three entrances.

The main entrance leads to a courtyard where students and visitors can experience nature through tree-shape murals, expansive windows and two outdoor amphitheaters. Two interior tree-houses give students a natural respite.

Paintings created by students are part of the overall decorating scheme, including a mural in the school's colors of green and white that reads "Be Kind."

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