Stunning satellite images show lake completely transform from green to red

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Satellite Images Show Incredible Transformation of Lake from Green to Red

During the spring and summer seasons, Iran's Lake Urmia goes from being a green body of water to a red one.

NASA not only recently captured an aerial image of the change, it explained why the change occurs.

The agency notes that as the summer months heat up, "...lake levels begin to drop."

That decline increases the salinity, which influences the behaviors of certain microorganisms.

One of them, according to Mohammad Tourian with the University of Stuttgart, is a microalgae called Dunaliella salina which, "in conditions of high salinity and light intensity...turns red due to the production of protective carotenoids in the cells."

Another, according to NASA, is, "...a group of bacteria found in water that is saturated or nearly saturated with salt. These bacteria release a red pigment...that absorbs light and converts it into energy for the bacteria. When populations of the bacteria are large enough, they can stain bodies of water."

The agency predicts, "...that a red Urmia could become increasingly common," as, "drought and intensive water diversion for agriculture has been limiting the amount of fresh water reaching the lake.

SEE ALSO: Bolivia's evaporated lake: "

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Bolivia's evaporated lake
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Bolivia's evaporated lake
In this Jan. 12, 2016 photo, an abandoned boat lies on the dried up lake bed of Lake Poopo, on the outskirts of Untavi, Bolivia. Environmentalists and local activists say the government mismanaged the lake's fragile water resources and ignored rampant pollution from mining, Boliviaâs second export earner after natural gas. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 16, 2016 aerial photo, shows a view of Lake Poopo, Bolivia. High on Boliviaâs semi-arid Andean plains at 3,700 meters (2.3 miles) and long subject to climatic whims, the shallow saline lake has dried up before, most recently in the 1940s, only to rebound to an area twice the size of Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 16, 2016 photo, a plane flies over the dry lake bed of Lake Poopo, Bolivia. The El Nino weather phonomenon has inflicted periodic droughts on Poopo for millennia and last struck this hard in 1997-98. But over the past three decades unprecedented stress has befallen a fragile ecosystem where 83 percent of rainfall evaporates. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 16, 2016, aerial photo, shows a flock of flamingos on the surface of Lake Poopo, Bolivia. Declared free on any birdlife since it dried up on December 2015, recent rains filled a small part of the lake, bringing back flamingos from the nearby Uru Uru lake (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 12, 2016 photo, fisherman Cirilo Choque, carries a ladder on his bicycle, as he walks to his job as bricklayer in Untavi, near the shores of Lake Poopo, Bolivia. "We are really worried because the lake dried up and that the authorities have not helped. Hopefully they will really help us. Before the lake dried up there were about 200 families living here, now only about 70 are left. Most are elderly people or children, the others left to find jobs in the city or other places." said Choque. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 12, 2016 photo, Abraham Fulguera shows his fisherman's credential, in the dried up Lake Poopo, on the outskirts of Untavi, Bolivia. "I am the president of the September 10 Fishing Cooperative. We used to be 30 fishermen and there used to be ten or more fishing cooperatives in Lake Poopo. Now we work as construction laborers. Others have left to look for jobs. I hope we do not become a ghost town. We have faith that the lake will come back." Fulguera said. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 12, 2016 photo, Abraham Fulguera checks his abandoned fishing net in Lake Poopo, on the outskirts of Untavi, Bolivia. Poopo is now down to 2 percent of what was normal, regional Gov. Victor Hugo Vasquez calculates. Its maximum depth once reached 16 feet. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 12, 2016 photo, a fisherman walks along the abandoned boats in the dried up Lake Poopo, on the outskirts of Untavi, Bolivia. As Andean glaciers disappear so do the sources of Poopoâs water. But other factors are in play in the demise of Boliviaâs second-largest body of water behind Lake Titicaca. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 12, 2016 photo, fisherman Felix Rojas, 78, speak with the Associated Press, in Untavi, near lake Poopo, Bolivia. "With a group of peasants we started fishing in Lake Poopo. With the winnings from fishing I have payed for my children's education and have been able to feed them well. Now we are very sad that the lake has dried up. I do not know what is going to happen to our children and grandchildren? How are they going to survive? But we have to come up with imaginative solutions." said Rojas. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 11, 2016 photo, a fisherman walks along the abandoned boats in the dried up Lake Poopo, on the outskirts of Untavi, Bolivia. The overturned fishing skiffs lie abandoned on the dried up former shores of what was Boliviaâs second-largest lake. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
In this Jan. 11, 2016 photo, a boy swats away mosquitoes in Untavi, near the shores of Lake Poopo, Bolivia. Lake Poopo was officially declared evaporated in December 2015. Hundreds, if not thousands, of people have lost their livelihoods and gone. (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
ORURO, BOLIVIA - DECEMBER 15: Aerial view of Lake Poopo on December 15, 2015 in Oruro, Bolivia. The government of the western Bolivian province of Oruro issued a declaration of natural disaster after learning that Lake Poopo, the second largest in the country after Titicaca, has almost dried up. (Photo by Javier Mamani/LatinContent/Getty Images)
ORURO, BOLIVIA - DECEMBER 15: A fishing boat is seen on dried land at Lake Poopo on December 15, 2015 in Oruro, Bolivia. The government of the western Bolivian province of Oruro issued a declaration of natural disaster after learning that Lake Poopo, the second largest in the country after Titicaca, has almost dried up. (Photo by Javier Mamani/LatinContent/Getty Images)
This photo combo of satellite images provided by NASA Earth Observatory shows Lake Poopo filled with water on April, 12, 2013, left, and almost dry on Jan. 15, 2016, right, in Bolivia. As Andean glaciers disappear so do the sources of Poopoâs water. Along with glacial melting, authorities say another factor is the diversion of water from Poopoâs tributaries, mostly for mining but also for agriculture. (NASA Earth Observatory via AP)
This photo combo of satellite images provided by the USGS shows Lake Poopo filled with water on Oct, 11, 1986, left, and almost dry on Jan. 16, 2016, right, in Bolivia. As Andean glaciers disappear so do the sources of Poopoâs water. Along with glacial melting, authorities say another factor is the diversion of water from Poopoâs tributaries, mostly for mining but also for agriculture. (USGS via AP)
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