Your productivity will increase by 46 percent if you stand at your desk, says study

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To Sit Or To Stand? That's The Real Office Question

The research is in. Standing at your desk does really boost productivity during the day.

Those of us who use a standing desk already know how much they fuel productivity. Your body was never meant to sit all day, and now there is some new research to prove it.

According to a study conducted by Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Public Health and released today, call center workers who could stand for periods of time using a stand-up desk made more calls throughout the day. In the control group studied over six months, the workers with a standing desk like this model from Steelcase I tested a few months ago sat 1.6 hours less during the day.

"We hope this work will show companies that although there might be some costs involved in providing stand-capable workstations, increased employee productivity over time will more than offset these initial expenses," said spokesperson Mark Benden, Ph.D., C.P.E. who directs the lab, as quoted in in a press release.

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Of the workers who could stand during the day on a regular basis, 75% said they had fewer body aches during the day. Another surprise was that the productivity gains kept increasing with each passing month. At first, standing did not increase their call rates. But by the second month, they were more productive due to the decrease in body discomfort and joint pains, according to the researchers.

I'm already an advocate for these products, even though they tend to cost about twice as much as a normal desk (unless you shop at IKEA, then they cost 10x as much). A normal desk might cost around $800 but a standing desk might cost $1800.

Yet, one of the main points the researchers made is that, if you add up the total hours of increased work for the more productive workers who have an option to stand, it more than makes up the difference. It's also a good investment in employee morale.

I've tested a model called the Rebel Desk 1000, the Steelcase Ology, and I'm currently typing this from a LifeSpan Treadmill Desk. These models all offer wildly different features. The Rebel Desk converts to a normal desk as well but has fairly basic features for speed and a manual crank to adjust the height. The Ology also lowers to a sitting position and uses electronic controls for adjusting height, but only the LifeSpan model uses a Bluetooth app that tracks your steps and health.

One of my major findings with these desks: You have to allow some time to let your body adjust to standing and even walking if you choose a treadmill desk. It took me a good month before I felt I could easily type on a laptop for even an hour. Few people stand all day. Most of the stand-up desk companies recommend standing for periods of time throughout the day. If you do use a treadmill, you'll have to adjust even more to the fact that the desk might shake slightly and, since you're moving constantly, you have to learn how to type while walking, which takes a few weeks.

Another point to make is that these desks are designed to help you stay active and avoid body discomfort and aches during the day. They fuel your energy and, at least for me, made me more creative. Yet, they are not designed for actual fitness regimens. You can't walk or run fast enough to lose weight, although any activity will help in that regard. They are not for a workout. Most of the benefits are in getting your body moving and not being quite so planted at a desk. If you end up getting one, please report back to me on whether you boost your productivity.

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Your productivity will increase by 46 percent if you stand at your desk, says study

Since most of us have access to the internet at work, it's easy to get sidetracked looking up the answer to a random question that just popped into your head.

That's why Quora user Suresh Rathinam recommends writing down these thoughts or questions on a notepad. This way, you can look up the information you want later, when you're not trying to get work done.

While many people believe they're great at doing two things at once, scientific research has found that just 2% of the population is capable of effectively multitasking.

For the rest of us, multitasking is a bad habit that decreases our attention spans and makes us less productive in the long run.

Constant internet access can also lead people to check email throughout the day. Sadly, each time you do this, you lose up to 25 minutes of work time. What's more, the constant checking of email makes you dumber.

Instead, strategy consultant Ron Friedman suggests quitting Outlook, closing email tabs, and turning off your phone for 30-minute chunks of deep-diving work.

Whether it's a new diet, workout routine, or work schedule, one of the most difficult things about forming a new habit is the urge to cheat as a reward for sticking to a routine for a while.

This idea that we "deserve" to splurge on fancy meal after being thrifty for a week is called "moral licensing," and it undermines a lot of people's plans for self-improvement.

Instead, try making your goal part of your identity, such that you think of yourself as the kind of person who saves money or works out regularly, rather than as someone who is working against their own will to do something new.

People often start off their day by completing easy tasks to get themselves rolling and leave their more difficult work for later. This is a bad idea, and one that frequently leads to the important work not getting done at all.

As researchers have found, people have a limited amount of willpower that decreases throughout the day. That being the case, it's best to get your hardest, most important tasks done at the beginning of the day.

Nothing disrupts the flow of productivity like an unnecessary meeting. And with tools like email, instant messenger, and video chat at your fingertips, it's best to use meetings for introductions and serious discussions that should only be held in person.

BlueGrace Logistics founder Bobby Harris recommends that people don't accept a meeting unless the person who requested it has put forth a clear agenda and stated exactly how much time they will need. And even then, Harris recommends giving the person half of the time they initially requested.

Nilofer Merchant, a business consultant and the author of "The New How: Creating Business Solutions Through Collaborative Strategy Paperback," shares with TED audiences how she's helped several major companies develop successful new ideas: walking meetings.

She recommends forgoing coffee or fluorescent-lighted conference-room meetings in favor of walking and talking 20 to 30 miles a week.

"You'll be surprised at how fresh air drives fresh thinking, and in the way that you do, you'll bring into your life an entirely new set of ideas," she says.

It might feel like pressing the snooze button in the morning gives you a little bit of extra rest to start your day, but the truth is that it does more harm than good.

That's because when you first wake up, your endocrine system begins to release alertness hormones to get you ready for the day. By going back to sleep, you're slowing down this process. Plus, nine minutes doesn't give your body time to get the restorative, deep sleep it needs.

This isn't to say you should cut back on sleep. As Arianna Huffington discusses in her TED talk, a good night's sleep has the power to increase productivity, happiness, smarter decision-making, and unlock bigger ideas. The trick for getting enough sleep is planning ahead and powering down at a reasonable time.

Some people think having lots of goals is the best way to ensure success — if one idea fails, at least there are plenty more in reserve to turn to. Unfortunately, this sort of wavering can be extremely unproductive.

Warren Buffett has the perfect antidote. Seeing that his personal pilot was not accomplishing his life goals, Buffett asked him to make a list of 25 things he wanted to get done before he died. But rather than taking little steps toward completing every one of them, Buffett advised the pilot to pick five things he thought were most important and ignore the rest.

Many ambitious and organized people try to maximize their productivity by meticulously planning out every hour of their day. Unfortunately, things don't always go as planned, and a sick child or unexpected assignment can throw a wrench into their entire day.

Instead, you might want to try planning just four or five hours of real work each day, that way you're able to be flexible later on.

With that being said, you should take time to strategize before attempting to achieve any long-term goals. Trying to come up with the endgame of a project you're doing midway through the process can be extremely frustrating and waste a huge amount of time.

Harvard lecturer Robert Pozen recommends that you first determine what you want your final outcome to be, then lay out a series of steps for yourself. Once you're halfway through, you can review your work to make sure you're on track and adjust accordingly.

The LED screens of our smartphones, tablets, and laptops give off what is called blue light, which studies have shown can damage vision and suppress production of melatonin, a hormone that helps regulate the sleep cycle.

Research also suggests that people with lower melatonin levels are more prone to depression.

More often than laziness the root of procrastination is the fear of noting doing a good job, says British philosopher and author Alain de Botton on his website, The Book of Life.

"We begin to work only when the fear of doing nothing at all exceeds the fear of not doing it very well … And that can take time," he writes.

The only way to overcome procrastination is to abandon perfectionism and not fuss over details as you move forward. Pretending the task doesn't matter and that it's OK to mess up could help you get started faster.

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