This is the most amazing forest in the world

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The most amazing forest in the world

The boreal forest, also known as taiga in Russian, is the world's largest land-based biome and comprises 29 percent of the world's forest cover. It covers most of Canada, Sweden, Finland, Norway and Russia and is one of the most fascinating places on Earth.

The Canadian boreal forest takes up about 60 percent of the country. It emerged with the end of the last Ice Age. The biodiversity of the Canadian boreal began to be what it is today about 5,000 years ago.

The boreal in Canada is home to a plethora of animals -- including 85 species of mammals, 130 species of fish, some 32,000 species of insects and 300 species of birds.

Iconic species as such as the grizzly bear, woodland caribou and wolverine all call the boreal forest home. It's also home to the rare Amur Leopard, which is now critically endangered according to the World Wildlife Fund, with only 70 adults alive today.

Experts believe the habitat loss from logging has been a primary cause of the decline of these endangered and threatened species.

Only 12 percent of the boreal forest across the globe is protected, while over 30 percent has been designated for logging and energy development. Despite a lack of protection, Canada has retained 91 percent of the forest cover existing during colonization.

Although the forest covers much of Canada's land mass, only about 13 percent of Canada's total population live in the biome. Nevertheless, roughly 80 percent of Canada's aboriginal population live in the forested areas. Over 1 million aboriginal Canadians live in over 500 First Nations and Métis settlements in boreal areas.

Recently, timber companies and environmental came together to develop the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement, a plan to protect 170 million acres of boreal forest in Canada.

Click through below for awe-inspiring photos of the forest:

16 PHOTOS
Boreal Forest
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This is the most amazing forest in the world
The Alaska Highway is surrounded by boreal forest running north towards Whitehorse, Yukon in this file photo taken June 21, 2007. A report released by Greenpeace warned that Canada threatens to ignite a "carbon bomb" that will exasperate global warming if it continues heavy logging in areas of boreal forest. The logging and other development in the forest releases the carbon it has trapped from the atmosphere over decades, potentially producing more greenhouse gases than from burning fossil fuels, the group charged. Photo taken June 21, 2007. REUTERS/Andy Clark/Files (CANADA)
BRITISH COLOMBIA, CANADA - 2009/06/25: Boreal forest. (Photo by John Greim/LightRocket via Getty Images)
UNSPECIFIED - CIRCA 2005: United States of America, Alaska, Top Of The World Highway, Boreal forest. (Photo By DEA / F. BARBAGALLO/De Agostini/Getty Images)
SWEDEN - CIRCA 2003: Boreal forest, island of Gotland, Sweden. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)
Boreal Forest
wide alaskan landscape
View of the northern spruce forest from above. Russia
The pechora river running through the taiga in the komi region of siberia, 1990s. (Photo by: Sovfoto/UIG via Getty Images)
ALASKA, UNITED STATES - 2009/06/23: Boreal forest. (Photo by John Greim/LightRocket via Getty Images)
UNSPECIFIED - CIRCA 2005: United States of America, Alaska, Top Of The World Highway, Boreal forest. (Photo By DEA / F. BARBAGALLO/De Agostini/Getty Images)
SIBERIA, RUSSIA - 1995/01/01: Russia, Siberia, Yenisey River, Near Lebed, Sunset Over Taiga Forest. (Photo by Wolfgang Kaehler/LightRocket via Getty Images)
(Photo: Dru!/Flickr)
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