Sidestepping Apple dispute, Obama makes case for access to device data

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Obama: No Comment on Apple Case

AUSTIN, Texas, March 11 (Reuters) - U.S. President Barack Obama on Friday made a passionate case for mobile devices to be built in such a way as to allow government to gain access to personal data if needed to prevent a terrorist attack or enforce tax laws.

Speaking at the South by Southwest festival in Texas, Obama said he could not comment on the legal case in which the FBI is trying to force Apple Inc. to allow access to an iPhone linked to San Bernardino, California, shooter Rizwan Farook.

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But he made clear that, despite his commitment to Americans' privacy and civil liberties, a balance was needed to allow some intrusion when needed.

"The question we now have to ask is: If technologically it is possible to make an impenetrable device or system where the encryption is so strong that there is no key, there's no door at all, then how do we apprehend the child pornographer, how do we solve or disrupt a terrorist plot?" he said.

See photos from his speech:

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Sidestepping Apple dispute, Obama makes case for access to device data
AUSTIN, TX - MARCH 11: U.S. President Barack Obama participates in a South by Southwest Interactive panel conversation with Evan Smith, Editor-in-Chief and CEO of the Texas Tribune news service, about civic engagement in the 21st Century before an audience of creators, early adopters and entrepreneurs on March 11, 2016 in Austin, Texas. Other speakers includeCasey Gerald, co-founder and CEO of MBAs Across America, and will talk about civic engagement in the 21st Century. (Photo by Erich Schlegel/Getty Images)
U.S. President Barack Obama waves to audience members after speaking at the South By Southwest (SXSW) Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas, U.S., on Friday, March 11, 2016. The SXSW Interactive Festival features presentations and panels from the brightest minds in emerging technology, scores of networking events hosted by industry leaders and a lineup of special programs showcasing new websites, video games, and startup ideas. Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg via Getty Images
President Barack Obama speaks during the opening day of South By Southwest at the Long Center for the Performing Arts on Friday, March 11, 2016, in Austin, Texas. (Photo by Rich Fury/Invision/AP)
U.S. President Barack Obama, right, speaks as Evan Smith, chief executive officer and editor-in-chief of The Texas Tribune, listens during the South By Southwest (SXSW) Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas, U.S., on Friday, March 11, 2016. The SXSW Interactive Festival features presentations and panels from the brightest minds in emerging technology, scores of networking events hosted by industry leaders and a lineup of special programs showcasing new websites, video games, and startup ideas. Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg via Getty Images
U.S. President Barack Obama, right, waves to the audience after speaking with Evan Smith, chief executive officer and editor-in-chief of The Texas Tribune, during the South By Southwest (SXSW) Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas, U.S., on Friday, March 11, 2016. The SXSW Interactive Festival features presentations and panels from the brightest minds in emerging technology, scores of networking events hosted by industry leaders and a lineup of special programs showcasing new websites, video games, and startup ideas. Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg via Getty Images
U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during the South By Southwest (SXSW) Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas, U.S., on Friday, March 11, 2016. The SXSW Interactive Festival features presentations and panels from the brightest minds in emerging technology, scores of networking events hosted by industry leaders and a lineup of special programs showcasing new websites, video games, and startup ideas. Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg via Getty Images
U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during the South By Southwest (SXSW) Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas, U.S., on Friday, March 11, 2016. The SXSW Interactive Festival features presentations and panels from the brightest minds in emerging technology, scores of networking events hosted by industry leaders and a lineup of special programs showcasing new websites, video games, and startup ideas. Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Evan Smith, left, and President Barack Obama speaks during the opening day of South By Southwest at the Long Center for the Performing Arts on Friday, March 11, 2016, in Austin, Texas. (Photo by Rich Fury/Invision/AP)
President Barack Obama speaks during the opening day of South By Southwest at the Long Center for the Performing Arts on Friday, March 11, 2016, in Austin, Texas. (Photo by Rich Fury/Invision/AP)
President Barack Obama speaks during the opening day of South By Southwest at the Long Center for the Performing Arts on Friday, March 11, 2016, in Austin, TX. (Photo by Rich Fury/Invision/AP)
U.S. President Barack Obama, right, speaks as Evan Smith, chief executive officer and editor-in-chief of The Texas Tribune, listens during the South By Southwest (SXSW) Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas, U.S., on Friday, March 11, 2016. The SXSW Interactive Festival features presentations and panels from the brightest minds in emerging technology, scores of networking events hosted by industry leaders and a lineup of special programs showcasing new websites, video games, and startup ideas. Photographer: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg via Getty Images
US President Barack Obama speaks during a South by Southwest Interactive at the Long Center for Performing Arts in Austin, Texas on March 11, 2016. / AFP / Mandel NGAN (Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)
US President Barack Obama speaks during a South by Southwest Interactive with Texas Tribune editor Evan Smith (L) at the Long Center for Performing Arts in Austin, Texas on March 11, 2016. / AFP / MANDEL NGAN (Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)
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"What mechanisms do we have available to even do simple things like tax enforcement because if in fact you can't crack that at all, government can't get in, then everybody is walking around with a Swiss bank account in their pocket."

The Justice Department has sought to frame the Apple case as one not about undermining encryption. A U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation court order issued to Apple targets a non-encryption barrier on one iPhone.

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The FBI says Farook and his wife were inspired by Islamist militants when they shot and killed 14 people on Dec. 2 at a holiday party in California. The couple later died in a shootout with police.

"Setting aside the specific case between the FBI and Apple, ... we're going to have to make some decisions about how do we balance these respective risks," Obama said.

"My conclusion so far is you cannot take an absolutist view."

Obama was speaking at the South by Southwest festival in Austin about how government and technology companies can work together to solve problems including making it easier for people to vote. (Reporting by Jeff Mason in Austin and Timothy Gardner in Washington; Editing by Chris Reese and Sandra Maler)

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