Migrants surviving in Italy by harvesting oranges

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Migrants harvesting oranges in Italy for work
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Migrants surviving in Italy by harvesting oranges
In this photo taken on Wednesday Feb. 3, 2016, 40-year-old Pape Badji, from Dakar, Senegal, picks oranges in a field owned by the cooperative SOS Rosarno, created by Nino Quaranta and other small Calabrian farmers in order to help migrants to avoid being exploited, in Rosarno, Southern Italy. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
Bulgarian migrants harvest oranges during a police operation to check their working conditions in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
Migrants talk to police officers during an operation to check their working conditions in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
Migrants sit next to orange trees during a police operation to check their working conditions in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
Police officers stand outside a farmhouse during an operation to check their working conditions in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
Migrants stand by police officers during a police operation to check their working conditions in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
Mattresses are piled up in an abandoned farmhouse where a group of migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
A migrant boils water in an abandoned farmhouse where he and other migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
A migrant walks outside an abandoned farmhouse where he and other migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
A migrant stands in an abandoned farmhouse where he and other migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
A migrant walks outside an abandoned farmhouse where he and other migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
A migrant watches television in an abandoned farmhouse where he and other migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
A migrant eats his meal in an abandoned farmhouse where he and other migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
A migrant prays in an abandoned farmhouse where he and other migrants took shelter in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
Migrants sits on their beds during a police operation to check their working conditions in the area of Rosarno, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Adriana Sapone)
In this photo taken on Saturday Feb. 6, 2016, Mohamed Ahmed, asylum seeker from Niger, stands in the tent city of San Ferdinando, Southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Wednesday Feb. 3, 2016, 40-year-old Pape Badji, from Dakar, Senegal, picks oranges in a field owned by the cooperative SOS Rosarno, created by Nino Quaranta and other small Calabrian farmers in order to help migrants to avoid being exploited, in Rosarno, Southern Italy. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Wednesday Feb. 3, 2016, a man picks oranges in a field owned by the cooperative SOS Rosarno, created by Nino Quaranta and other small Calabrian farmers in order to help migrants to avoid being exploited, in Rosarno, Southern Italy. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Wednesday Feb. 3, 2016, a man picks oranges in a field owned by the cooperative SOS Rosarno, created by Nino Quaranta and other small Calabrian farmers in order to help migrants to avoid being exploited, in Rosarno, Southern Italy. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Wednesday Feb. 3, 2016, migrants play football nearby the tent city of San Ferdinando, Southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Saturday Feb. 6, 2016, Issa Jobateh, from Gambia, smiles as he stands inside a container in the tent city of San Ferdinando, southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Saturday, Feb. 6, 2016, Issa Jobateh, from Gambia, right, repairs a bike in the tent city of San Ferdinando, Southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Tuesday, Feb. 2, 2016, a man adjusts his belongings in the tent city of San Ferdinando, Southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Monday, Feb.1, 2016, two asylum seekers from Mali prepare their dinner, cooking a soup with a pot on the brazier, in the tent city of San Ferdinando, Southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, Paco, family name not given, a 55-year-old migrant from Dakar, Senegal, prepares coffee with a moka inside his hovel near an abandoned factory in San Ferdinando, Southern Italy. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, Lamine Suso, asylum seeker from Mali, poses in the tent city of San Ferdinando, in Calabria, Southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
In this photo taken on Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, people stand by the tent city of San Ferdinando, Southern Italy, where about 1,200 migrants and refugees live without access to basic services. Thousands of migrants, many from Africa, who harvest oranges in the southern Italian region of Calabria during the fruit-picking season, live on meager wages and in squalid conditions, some in abandoned farmhouses or derelict factories, often with no running water or electricity. (AP Photo/Annalisa Camilli)
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In 2015, during the height of the global migrant crisis, the shores of Italy saw more than 150,000 refugee arrivals. However, unlike many other European countries that are facing an influx of refugees from Syria, Iraq and other Middle Eastern countries, most of the arrivals to Italy came from Africa.

SEE EARLIER: France begins clearing part of Calais migrant camp

Many of these migrants settle in Calabria, a region on Italy's southern tip, where they find work as orange harvesters. The wages are scant and the living conditions are poor, but this work -- provided by Calibrian famers -- helps to prevent the migrants from being exploited. Some of the workers take shelter in old farmhouses or factories with limited access to electricity and water, while roughly 1,200 of them have made makeshift homes in the tent city of San Ferdinando.

Click through the slideshow above for a look inside the lives of Italy's migrant workers.

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