France begins clearing part of Calais migrant camp

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Dismantling of Calais migrant camp, refugees
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France begins clearing part of Calais migrant camp
Anti-riot policemen face migrants on February 29, 2016, during the dismantling of half of the 'Jungle' migrant camp in the French northern port city of Calais. Two bulldozers and around 20 workers began destroying makeshift shacks, with 30 police cars and two anti-riot vans stationed nearby. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUEN / AFP / PHILIPPE HUGUEN (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images)
Migrants on a shelter roof look at an anti-riot policeman on February 29, 2016 in the 'jungle' migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France, as agents dismantle the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from , with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUEN / AFP / PHILIPPE HUGUEN (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images)
A migrant and an anti-riot policeman walk near a shelter in fire on February 29, 2016 in the 'jungle' migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France, as agents dismantle the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from , with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUEN / AFP / PHILIPPE HUGUEN (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images)
Migrants run past burning tents in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. Under the eye of hundreds of riot police, workers began pulling down tents and makeshift shelters in the sprawling camp in Calais on Monday, dismantling the fragile structures that have served as temporary homes for migrants hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
French riot police hose a smoldering caravan after in caught on fire during clashes with migrants in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling part of the sprawling camp locally referred to as "the jungle" where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Migrants point at burning tents in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. Under the eye of hundreds of riot police, workers began pulling down tents and makeshift shelters in the sprawling camp in Calais on Monday, dismantling the fragile structures that have served as temporary homes for migrants hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
A migrant watches burning tents in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling part of the sprawling camp locally referred to as "the jungle" where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Migrants stand next to bags near a shelter reading 'a place to live' on February 29, 2016 in the 'jungle' migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France, as agents dismantle the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from , with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUEN / AFP / PHILIPPE HUGUEN (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: Migrants walk along a railway line near the 'jungle' camp on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the jungle encampment and relocating migrants to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
Police officers safeguard helmeted workers pulling down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near the northern port of Calais, France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
French officials process a migrant who decided to leave a makeshift migrants camp and board a bus near Calais, France, Friday Feb. 26, 2016. A French court has given the green light for the state to relocate hundreds of migrants from their shelter in part of the camp locally referred to as "the jungle". (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Migrants who decided to leave a makeshift migrants camp wait to board a bus near Calais, France, Friday Feb. 26, 2016. A French court has given the green light for the state to relocate hundreds of migrants from their shelter in part of the camp locally referred to as "the jungle". (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
French police officers in riot gear take positions to protect helmeted workers pulling down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near Calais, northern France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
Migrants gather for Friday prayer in a makeshift migrants camp near Calais, France, Friday Feb. 26, 2016. A French court has given the green for the state to relocate hundreds of migrants from their shelter in part of the camp locally referred to as "the jungle". (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Police officers safeguard helmeted workers pulling down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near the northern port of Calais, France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
Police officers in riot gear take positions to safeguard workers pulling down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near the northern port of Calais, France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
Helmeted workers pull down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near the northern port of Calais, France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
Migrants gather for Friday prayer in a makeshift migrants camp near Calais, France, Friday Feb. 26, 2016. A French court has given the green for the state to relocate hundreds of migrants from their shelter in part of the camp locally referred to as "the jungle". (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Migrants stand in the burned remains of a restaurant in a makeshift migrants camp near Calais, France, Friday Feb. 26, 2016. A French court has given the green light for the state to relocate hundreds of migrants from their shelter in part of the camp locally referred to as "the jungle". (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A tent is pictured in the 'jungle' camp on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the jungle encampment and relocating migrants to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A migrant fills up a water bottle in the 'jungle' camp on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the jungle encampment and relocating migrants to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 27: Migrants walk past new purpose-built accommodation near the 'jungle' camp on February 27, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the jungle encampment and relocating migrants to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A migrant enters new purpose-built accommodation near the 'jungle' camp on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the jungle encampment and relocating migrants to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
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CALAIS, France, Feb 29 - Work began on Monday to clear a shanty town outside Calais used by migrants trying to reach Britain after the French government won a legal battle to dismantle part of the camp.

One person was arrested for trying to prevent the clearing of the site - where about 3,000 people are staying - by about 20 workers under heavy police protection.

Regional Prefect Fabienne Buccio said the police presence was needed because "extremists" could try to intimidate migrants into turning down housing offers or buses to reception centers.

SEE EARLIER: French judge views Calais "jungle" before migrants' appeal

Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve said last week that authorities would work with humanitarian organizations to relocate the migrants to a nearby park of converted shipping containers or other reception centers around France.

On Thursday a judge upheld a government order to evict migrants living in the southern part of the camp, although a few makeshift buildings of social importance such as a school and a theater are to remain untouched.

Thousands of migrants fleeing war and poverty, from Afghanistan to Syria, have converged on the northern port over the past year.

Most attempt to climb illegally onto trains using the Channel Tunnel or lorries heading to Britain where they hope to settle. Their presence has led to tension with some of the local population and to a permanent police deployment.

See more from around Calais, France:

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France begins clearing part of Calais migrant camp
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: The French flag flies from Calais town hall on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A Calais road sign is pictured on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A truck passes through Calais docks behind a fence topped with razor wire on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: Calais beach is pictured on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A welcome sign for Calais is pictured near a fence topped with razor wire protecting the harbour on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A surfer drops her board as a cross-channel ferry approaches port on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: Calais town hall is pictured on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: People walk along a harbour wall on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A sign displaying speed limits is displayed next to a fence topped with razor wire in the harbour on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A person looks on as a cross-channel ferry approaches port on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: Surfers look on as a cross-channel ferry approaches port on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A fence topped with razor wire lines the perimeter of the docks on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: A sign for Calais is pictured in front of a fence topped with razor wire protecting the harbour on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the 'jungle' migrant encampment in the northern French town of Calais and relocating people to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
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