Amazing insight into what US intelligence knew about Hitler in 1943

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One of history's most brutal tyrants was a diagnosed schizophrenic on a mission to avenge his childhood years of repressed rage, according to American psychologist and Harvard professor Henry Murray.

In 1943, the Office of Strategic Services, a precursor to the CIA, commissioned Murray to study Adolf Hitler's personality to try to predict his behavior.

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In his 229-page report, "The Personality of Adolf Hitler," Murray described Hitler as a paranoid "utter wreck" who was "incapable of normal human relationships."

"It is forever impossible to hope for any mercy or humane treatment from him," Murray wrote.

After a frustrating childhood, Hitler felt obligated to exert dominance in all things.

Hitler suffered from intolerable feelings of inferiority, largely stemming from his small, frail, and sickly physical appearance during his childhood.

He refused to go to school because he was ashamed that he was a poor student compared with his classmates.

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Amazing insight into what US intelligence knew about Hitler in 1943
The last known leather-bound Hitler Album is pictured after its unveiling during a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
The last known leather-bound Hitler Album is pictured after its unveiling during a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
The last known leather-bound Hitler Album is pictured after its unveiling during a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
Robert Edsel, Chairman of the Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art, and author of 'The Monuments Men' answers a question after unveiling the last known leather-bound Hitler Album during a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
Robert Edsel, Chairman of the Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art, and author of 'The Monuments Men' answers a question after unveiling the last known leather-bound Hitler Album during a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
Robert Edsel, Chairman of the Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art, and author of 'The Monuments Men' answers a question after unveiling the last known leather-bound Hitler Album during a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
National Archives senior conservative Morgan Zinsmeister arranges the last known leather-bound Hitler Album to display for a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
National Archives senior conservative Morgan Zinsmeister arranges the last known leather-bound Hitler Album to display for a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
National Archives senior conservative Morgan Zinsmeister arranges the last known leather-bound Hitler Album to display for a press conference at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on May 8. 2014. To mark the May 8 anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe in 1945, the National Archives unveiled the Hitler Album of art works stolen by the Nazis during the war. The Monuments Men Foundation donated to the National Archives this album, which was found at Hitler's home in Berchtesgaden, Germany, in the closing days of the war and has since been in private hands. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)
Poland's Culture Minister Bogdan Zdrojewski unveils the oil painting "Off to the Hunt" one of two paintings by Polish painter Julian Falat, stolen by the Nazis during World War II and recently returned from New York to be given back to the National Museum in Warsaw, Poland, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2011. The painting was seized for Poland after it was offered for an auction in New York. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)
Poland's Culture Minister Bogdan Zdrojewski unveils the watercolor painting "The Hunt" one of two paintings by Polish painter Julian Falat, stolen by the Nazis during World War II and recently returned from New York to be given back to the National Museum in Warsaw, Poland, on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2011. The painting was seized for Poland after it was offered for an auction in New York. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)
Chucha Barber, Chief Financial Officer of the of the Mary Brogan Museum, discusses the status of the painting "Christ Carrying the Cross Dragged by Rogue" by Italian Renaissance artist Girolamo Romano on Thursday September 8, 2011, in Tallahassee, Fla. U.S. authorities have ordered a Tallahassee museum to hold onto a nearly 500-year-old Italian painting of Christ carrying the Cross because it is believed to have been stolen by the Nazis from a Jewish family during World War II. The painting will now stay in the museum until at least November as the United States and Italy try to resolve questions about the painting's ownership. (AP Photo/Steve Cannon)
In this April 25, 1945 image released by the U.S. National Archives, U.S. Army personnel stand by a painting called, "Wintergarden," by French impressionist Edouard Manet, which was discovered in the vault in Merkers, Germany. Holocaust survivors and their relatives, as well as art collectors and museums, can go online beginning Monday, Oct. 18, 2010 to search a historical database of more than 20,000 art objects stolen in German-occupied France and Belgium from 1940 to 1944. (AP Photo/U.S. National Archives)
In this May 13, 1945 photo released by the U.S. National Archives, the Alfred Rosenberg Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR) files are shown in a room of the Neuschwanstein Castle in Germany, where the largest Nazi art loot cache was found by the U.S. Army when they explored tunnels under the castle. Holocaust survivors and their relatives, as well as art collectors and museums, can go online beginning Monday, Oct. 18, 2010 to search a historical database of more than 20,000 art objects stolen in German-occupied France and Belgium from 1940 to 1944. (AP Photo/U.S. National Archives)
In this April 24, 1945 photo released by the U.S. National Archives, an American soldier stands among German loot stored in a church at Elligen, Germany. Holocaust survivors and their relatives, as well as art collectors and museums, can go online beginning Monday, Oct. 18, 2010 to search a historical database of more than 20,000 art objects stolen in German-occupied France and Belgium from 1940 to 1944. (AP Photo/U.S. National Archives)
In this May 13, 1945 photo released by the U.S. National Archives, "The Graces in the Gardens of the Hesperides" by Peter Paul Rubens painting taken by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR), is shown. Holocaust survivors and their relatives, as well as art collectors and museums, can go online beginning Monday, Oct. 18, 2010 to search a historical database of more than 20,000 art objects stolen in German-occupied France and Belgium from 1940 to 1944. (AP Photo/U.S. National Archives)
In this April 12, 1945 photo released by the U.S. National Archives, U.S. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, accompanied by Gen. Omar N. Bradley, left, and Lt. George S. Patton, Jr., inspects art treasures stolen by Germans in a salt mine in Merkers, Germany. Holocaust survivors and their relatives, as well as art collectors and museums, can go online beginning Monday, Oct. 18, 2010 to search a historical database of more than 20,000 art objects stolen in German-occupied France and Belgium from 1940 to 1944. (AP Photo/U.S. National Archives)
In this May 13, 1945 photo released by the U.S. National Archives, U.S. Army Sgt. Harold Maus of Scranton, Pa., looks over an engraving by German artist Albrecht Durer, which was found among other art treasures at a salt mine in Merkers, Germany. Holocaust survivors and their relatives, as well as art collectors and museums, can go online beginning Monday, Oct. 18, 2010 to search a historical database of more than 20,000 art objects stolen in German-occupied France and Belgium from 1940 to 1944. (AP Photo/U.S. National Archives)
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His mother appeased him by allowing him to drop out.

"He never did any manual work, never engaged in athletics, and was turned down as forever unfit for conscription in the Austrian Army," Murray writes.

Hitler managed his insecurities by worshiping "brute strength, physical force, ruthless domination, and military conquest."

Even sexually, Hitler was described as a "full-fledged masochist," who humiliated and abused his partners.

Much of his wrath originated from a severe Oedipus complex.

As a child, Hitler experienced the Oedipus complex (love of mother and hate of father), which he developed after accidentally seeing parents having sex, Murray's report says.

Hitler was subservient and respectful to his father but viewed him as an enemy who ruled the family "with tyrannical severity and injustice." According to the report, Hitler was envious of his father's masculine power and dreamed of humiliating him to re-establish "the lost glory of his mother."

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For 16 years, Hitler did not exhibit any form of ambition or competition, because his father had died and he had not yet discovered a new enemy.

Hitler frequently felt emasculated.

Another blow to Hitler's masculinity: He was "incapable of consummating in a normal fashion," old sexual partners shared with Murray.

"This infirmity we must recognize as an instigation to exorbitant cravings for superiority. Unable to demonstrate male power before a woman, he is impelled to compensate by exhibiting unsurpassed power before men in the world at large," he writes.

As mentioned, when Hitler did have sexual relations with a woman, he exhibited masochistic behaviors.

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Hitler was said to have multiple partners but eventually married his long-term mistress, Eva Braun, hours before the two committed suicide together in his Berlin bunker.

He suffered from indecisiveness and collapsed under pressure.

Even at the peak of his power, Hitler suffered from frequent emotional collapses from a guilty conscience. "He has nightmares from a bad conscience, and he has long spells when energy, confidence, and the power of decision abandon him," Murray writes.

According to Murray, Hitler's cycle from complete despair to reaction followed this pattern:

  • An emotional outburst, tantrum of rage, and accusatory indignation ending in tears and self-pity.
  • Succeeded by periods of inertia, exhaustion, melancholy, and indecisiveness.
  • Followed by hours of acute dejection and disquieting nightmares.
  • Leading to hours of recuperation.
  • And finally confident and resolute decision to counterattack with great force and ruthlessness.

The five-step evolution could last anywhere from 24 hours to several weeks, the report says.

He was ashamed of his mixed heritage.

Hitler valued "pure, unmixed, and uncorrupted German blood," which he associated with aristocracy and beauty, according to Murray.

Murray offered the following explanation of Hitler's contempt for mixed blood:

As a boy of twelve, Hitler was caught engaging in some sexual experiment with a little girl; and later he seems to have developed a syphilophobia, with a diffuse fear of contamination of the blood through contact with a woman.

It is almost certain that this irrational dread was partly due to the association in his mind of sexuality and excretion. He thought of sexual relations as something exceedingly filthy.

Hitler denied that his father was born illegitimately and had at least two failed marriages, that his grandfather and godfather were both Jews, and that one of his sisters was a mistress of a wealthy Jew.

He focused his hatred on Jews because they were an easy target.

Murray explains that Jews were the clear demographic for Hitler to project his personal frustrations and failings on, because they "do not fight back with fists and weapons."

The Jews were therefore an easy and nonmilitarized target that he could blame for pretty much anything, including the disastrous effects after the Treaty of Versailles.

Anti-Semitic caricatures also associated Jews with several of Hitler's dislikes, including business, materialism, democracy, capitalism, and communism. He was eager to strip some Jews of their wealth and power.

Hitler had a 'hypnotic' presence over the people he spoke with.

While the merciless Nazi leader was known to offer a weak handshake with "moist and clammy" palms and was awkward at making small talk, his overall presence was described as "hypnotic" in Murray's analysis.

Hitler received frequent compliments on his grayish-blue eyes, even though they were described as "dead, impersonal, and unseeing" in the report.

Murray notes that the Führer was slightly under average in height, had a receding hairline, thin lips, and "strikingly well-shaped hands."

Sources say Hitler appeared to be shy or moody when meeting people and was uncoordinated in his gestures. He was also incredibly picky about his food.

Here's Murray's full report:


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