Millennium after split, pope and Russian patriarch embrace in Cuba

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Pope Francis Arrives in Cuba

HAVANA, Feb 12 (Reuters) - Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill embraced and kissed on Friday in a historic meeting nearly 1,000 years after the Eastern and Western branches of Christianity split apart.

"Finally," Francis said as he and Kirill entered through doors on opposite sides of a room at Havana airport to begin private talks. "We are brothers."

SEE ALSO: Pope gets shoe shine on Cuba-bound plane

The two religious leaders, guests of a Communist government, are addressing ways of healing the rift between their Churches as well as their concerns over the persecution of Christians in the Middle East.

They were expected to speak about territorial disputes between the two Churches after the fall of the Soviet Union, and issue a joint declaration following the meeting.

See images from the meeting:

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Pope, Russian Orthodox patriarch in Cuba
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Millennium after split, pope and Russian patriarch embrace in Cuba
Pope Francis (L) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill (R), kiss during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday at Havana airport for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. AFP PHOTO / POOL - Alejandro Ernesto / AFP / POOL / ALEJANDRO ERNESTO (Photo credit should read ALEJANDRO ERNESTO/AFP/Getty Images)
Pope Francis (2-R) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill (R), deliver a joint press conference during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday at Havana airport for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. AFP PHOTO / POOL - Alejandro Ernesto / AFP / POOL / ALEJANDRO ERNESTO (Photo credit should read ALEJANDRO ERNESTO/AFP/Getty Images)
Pope Francis (L) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill (R), deliver a joint press conference after a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday at Havana airport for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. AFP PHOTO / POOL - Alejandro Ernesto / AFP / POOL / ALEJANDRO ERNESTO (Photo credit should read ALEJANDRO ERNESTO/AFP/Getty Images)
HAVANA, CUBA. FEBRUARY 12, 2016. Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and all Russia, leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, (L) and Pope Francis, leader of the Roman Catholic Church, talk during a meeting at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana, Cuba. Russian Orthodox Church Patriarchate Press Office/TASS (Photo by TASS\TASS via Getty Images)
HAVANA, CUBA. FEBRUARY 12, 2016. Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and all Russia, leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, (L) and Pope Francis, leader of the Roman Catholic Church, greet each other during a meeting at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana, Cuba. Russian Orthodox Church Patriarchate Press Office/TASS (Photo by TASS\TASS via Getty Images)
HAVANA, CUBA. FEBRUARY 12, 2016. Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and all Russia, leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, and Pope Francis, leader of the Roman Catholic Church, (L-R centre) talk during a meeting at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana, Cuba. Left: Metropolitan Illarion of the Russian Orthodox Church. Russian Orthodox Church Patriarchate Press Office/TASS (Photo by TASS\TASS via Getty Images)
HAVANA, CUBA. FEBRUARY 12, 2016. Pope Francis, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church, (L) and Cuba's president Raul Castro during the arrival ceremony at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana. Sergei Fadeichev/TASS (Photo by Sergei Fadeichev\TASS via Getty Images)
HAVANA, CUBA. FEBRUARY 12, 2016. Pope Francis, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church, waves during the arrival ceremony at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana. Sergei Fadeichev/TASS (Photo by Sergei Fadeichev\TASS via Getty Images)
HAVANA, CUBA. FEBRUARY 12, 2016. Pope Francis, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church, (CL, in white) and Cuba's president Raul Castro (CR) during the arrival ceremony at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana. Sergei Fadeichev/TASS (Photo by Sergei Fadeichev\TASS via Getty Images)
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Francis, dressed in white with a skullcap, and Kirill, wearing a tall, domed hat that dangled a white stole over black robes, joined arms and kissed on both cheeks.

"It is very clear that this is the will of God," Francis said.

"Yes, things are much easier now," Kirill said. Both men spoke through interpreters and were accompanied by their top aides in the quest for Christian unity, Cardinal Kurt Koch and Russian Metropolitan Hilarion.

Their meeting, announced just a week ago, also carried political overtones, coming at a time of Russian disagreements with the West over Syria and Ukraine.

Cuban President Raul Castro and Cardinal Jaime Ortega, the Catholic Church's highest representative in Cuba, greeted the pope as he got off the plane.

Kirill arrived in Havana on Thursday and was also greeted by Castro, an ally of Russia who received Francis in Cuba just five months ago.

The Argentine pontiff previously played a role in rapprochement between the United States and Cuba, which restored diplomatic relations last year after a 54-year break.

Now the pope, leader of the 1.2 billion member Catholic Church, is seeking to repair a much longer rupture. Eastern Orthodoxy split with Rome in 1054, and today the Russian church counts some 165 million of the world's 250 million Orthodox Christians.

Kirill, on a longer stay, will also visit Cuba's small Russian Orthodox Church, built between 2004 to 2008 and attended by Russian holdovers from the decades of Soviet influence in Cuba.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has supported the Russian church, which in turn has backed Kremlin foreign policy, most notably in Ukraine and the Middle East.

Putin has also improved relations with Cuba, which were strained following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

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