Auschwitz guard, 94, stands trial in Germany

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Former Auschwitz Guard, Reinhold Hanning, Appears in Court

BERLIN, Feb 11 (Reuters) - A 94-year-old former guard at Auschwitz goes on trial in Germany on Thursday accused of being an accessory to the murder of at least 170,000 people - the first of four such court cases that could be the last due to the very old age of the defendants.

The three men and one woman accused are all in their nineties and will be tried over the next few months, starting with Reinhold Hanning in the western German city of Detmold.

Hanning was 20 years old in 1942 when he started serving as a guard at the Auschwitz death camp in occupied Poland where more than 1.1 million Jews were killed by the Nazis.

Prosecutors said he voluntarily joined the armed SS at the age of 18 and participated in battles in eastern Europe during the early stages of World War Two before being transferred to Auschwitz in January 1942.

Accused by the prosecutor's office in Dortmund as well as by 38 joint plaintiffs from Hungary, Israel, Canada, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, Hanning will face the accounts of contemporary camp witnesses.

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Auschwitz guard, 94, stands trial in Germany
A man enters the Sachsenhausen Nazi death camp through the gate with the phrase 'Arbeit macht frei' (work sets you free) at the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, in Oranienburg, about 30 kilometers, (18 miles) north of Berlin, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016. The International Holocaust Remembrance Day marks the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
The gate of the Sachsenhausen Nazi death camp with the phrase 'Arbeit macht frei' (work sets you free) photographed on the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, in Oranienburg, about 30 kilometers, (18 miles) north of Berlin, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016. The International Holocaust Remembrance Day marks the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
Flowers lay on a slab of the Holocaust Memorial to commemorate the victims of the Nazi regime at the International Holocaust Remembrance Day in Berlin, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016. The International Holocaust Remembrance Day marks the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
A group of visitors walk inside the Holocaust Memorial at the International Holocaust Remembrance Day in Berlin, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016. The International Holocaust Remembrance Day marks the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
People walk through the gate of the Sachsenhausen Nazi death camp with the phrase 'Arbeit macht frei' (work sets you free) at the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, in Oranienburg, about 30 kilometers, (18 miles) north of Berlin, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016. The International Holocaust Remembrance Day marks the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
Holocaust survivor Ruth Klueger, delivers a speech at a commemoration ceremony at the German Parliament, Bundestag, in Berlin, Germany, during the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
Holocaust survivor Ruth Klueger, left, delivers a speech during the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. at a commemoration ceremony at the German Parliament, Bundestag, in Berlin, Germany, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016, (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
A visitor throws a rose onto a column at the Holocaust memorial in Berlin on January 27, 2016. / AFP / dpa / Kay Nietfeld / Germany OUT (Photo credit should read KAY NIETFELD/AFP/Getty Images)
German Chancellor Angela Merkel (down L) and President Joachim Gauck (2ndL) listen to a Holocaust survivor Ruth Klueger (C) delivering her speech at the international Holocaust Remembrance Day on January 27, 2016 at the German parliament in Berlin. Deputies and guests paid tribute to the victims of the Nazi regime with a minute of silence and a speech to the delegates by Holocaust survivor, American author Ruth Klueger. / AFP / John MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
Flowers are seen on the concrete columns of the Holocaust memorial during the international Holocaust Remembrance Day in Berlin on January 27, 2016. / AFP / TOBIAS SCHWARZ (Photo credit should read TOBIAS SCHWARZ/AFP/Getty Images)
Members of the guard of honour of the Serbian army prepare for the memorial service for the victims of the Holocaust at a monument in World War II Nazi concentration camp Sajmiste, in Belgrade, Serbia, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016. The international Holocaust remembrance day marks the liberation of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Holocaust survivor Helena Brzozowska speaks during a ceremony at the former Auschwitz Nazi death camp in Oswiecim, Poland, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016, the 71st anniversary of the death camp's liberation by the Soviet Red Army in 1945. The commemoration at the former death camp in southern Poland, an area under Nazi occupation during the war, is part of the U.N.-designated International Remembrance Day, marked by politicians, survivors and others in ceremonies and events across the world. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)
Soldiers hold a wreath at the former Auschwitz Nazi death camp in Oswiecim, Poland, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016, on the International Holocaust Remembrance Day that marks the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)
Holocaust survivors arrive to attend ceremonies commemorating the people killed by the Nazis at the former Auschwitz Nazi death camp in Oswiecim, Poland, Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2016, the International Holocaust Remembrance Day that marks the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp on Jan. 27, 1945. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)
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One of them is Erna de Vries, who in 1943 at the age of 23 was deported to Auschwitz along with her mother. Considered a "Jewish crossbreed" as her father was Protestant, she was saved from the gas chamber and transferred to a labor camp.

"I survived, but up until today I don't know how exactly my mother was killed," de Vries told Reuters ahead of the trial. "The last thing she said to me was, 'You will survive and tell what happened to us.'

"I am not hateful but it somehow feels like justice to see this man, who was working there when my mother died, on trial," die Vries added.

Investigations by Germany's special Nazi war crimes office in Ludwigsburg show that Hanning served as a guard at Auschwitz until at least June 1944.

While Hanning admitted to his guard duties in a statement to the prosecution, he denied involvement in the mass killings.

But investigators say he also served at Auschwitz's Birkenau sub-division where about 90 percent of more than 1.2 million killings in the camp were carried out in four gas chambers.

Prosecutors maintain that the Nazis' killing machinery hinged on people like Hanning guarding the prisoners and accuses him of expediting, or at least facilitating, the murders.

Precedence for such charges was set in 2011 when death camp guard Ivan Demjanjuk was convicted of being an accessory to mass murder.

Given the age of the accused, trials are delayed due to lengthy procedures to determine whether they are fit to be in court. Hearings are also restricted to two hours per day.

But Nazi hunter Efraim Zuroff, responsible for war crime investigations at the Simon Wiesenthal Center, said age should not be viewed as an obstacle to prosecution.

"When you think of these cases, don't think of frail, old, sick men and women, but of young people who devoted their energies to a system that implemented the (Nazis' so-called) Final Solution and aimed to obliterate the Jewish people," Zuroff told Reuters by phone from his office in Jerusalem.

(Editing by Mark Heinrich)

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