Decrying graft, Pope to tour poor, violent corners of Mexico

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Decrying graft, Pope to tour poor, violent corners of Mexico
In this Jan. 25, 2016 photo, the school ID card of Mariana Yanez sits on a Bible, along with other religious items, at her parents home in Ecatepec, a neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. One evening in September 2014, Mariana left her home in this crime-plagued Mexico City suburb saying she was going to make some photocopies. Then she vanished. Months later, authorities called her mother to say she was dead. Pope Francis will visit Ecatepec and hold a Mass there during his visit on Feb. 14. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
In this Feb. 5, 2016 photo, men carry their bicycles as they cross a pedestrian bridge in the Mexico state neighborhood of Ecatepec, on the outskirts of Mexico City. On the eve of his trip to Mexico, Pope Francis said he would pray with Mexicans who suffered from organized crime violence. âBecause the Mexico of violence, of corruption, of drug-trafficking and cartels is not the Mexico that our mother (the Madonna) wants,â he said. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
In this Jan. 25, 2016 photo, young people play soccer in a public park in the Mexico state neighborhood of Ecatepec, on the outskirts of Mexico City. Pope Francis has already denounced corruption, violence and drug-trafficking in Mexico ahead of his visit this week, and he is expected to address those same themes when he delivers his homily in Ecatepec on Feb. 14. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
In this Feb. 5, 2016 photo, a woman walks her daughter back home from school near the sewage-choked canal called Los Remedios River in Ecatepec, a rough neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Pope Francis is to hold the largest public event of his visit to Mexico when he celebrates Mass on an outdoor esplanade here on Feb. 14, just miles from the canal. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
In this Jan. 19, 2015 photo, police officers prepare for an security operation in Ecatepec, a rough neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Pope Francis will hold the largest public event of his visit to Mexico when he celebrates Mass on an outdoor esplanade in Ecatepec on Feb. 14, 2016. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo)
This Jan. 19, 2015 photo, shows a view of the house choked hills in Ecatepec, a rough neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Pope Francis will hold a mass in Ecatepec on Feb. 14, 2016, a sprawling suburb of 1.6 million people. At least 1,554 women have disappeared in Mexico state since 2005, according to the National Observatory on Femicide, and last year the government issued an alert over the killings of women in Ecatepec and 10 other parts of Mexico state. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo)
In this Jan. 26, 2016 photo, protestors carry an empty coffin with the image of Julio Cesar Mondragon, who was killed in September 2014 on the same night 43 of his fellow students from a rural teachers college disappeared in the southern state of Guerrero, during a march in Mexico City, marking the 16-month anniversary of disappearance. On the eve of the visit by Pope Francis, homicides rose 9 percent in Mexico during 2015, according to government statistics. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo)
In this Feb. 5, 2016 photo, people cross the sewage-choked canal called Los Remedios River using a pedestrian bridge in Ecatepec, a rough neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Pope Francis is to hold the largest public event of his visit to Mexico when he celebrates Mass on an outdoor esplanade here on Feb. 14 just miles from the canal. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
In this Jan. 25, 2016 photo, a child runs in a park located in Ecatepec, a rough neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Itâs the most heavily populated municipality in the country and part of Mexico state, where President Enrique Pena Nieto was governor from 2005 to 2011 before leaving office to run for president. Pope Francis will hold the largest public event of his visit to Mexico when he celebrates Mass in Ecatepec on Feb. 14. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
In this Jan. 25, 2016 photo, Guadalupe Reyes holds back her tears as she talks about her daughter Mariana Yanez, in Ecatepec, a rough neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. On an otherwise normal evening in September 2014, Yanez left her home saying she was going to make some photocopies, and then vanished. Months later, authorities called her mother to say she was dead. Pope Francis will will hold the largest public event of his visit to Mexico in this neighborhood when he celebrates Mass on Feb. 14. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
In this Jan. 19, 2015 photo, two women chat in Ecatepec, a rough neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City. Pope Francis will hold a mass in Ecatepec on Feb. 14, 2016, a sprawling suburb of 1.6 million people. Ecatepec is the most heavily populated municipality in the country and part of Mexico state. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo)
In this Jan. 25, 2016 photo, a young boy hangs out a park located in the Mexico state neighborhood of Ecatepec, on the outskirts of Mexico City. Pope Francis will hold the largest public event of his visit to Mexico in Ecatepec on Feb. 14. (AP Photo/Dario Lopez-Mills)
Posters with pictures of missing girls are next to a picture of Pope Francis in a street of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 3, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for her daughters, victims of the wave of violence that hit the border City of Ciudad Juarez wait for Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
A black cross on pink background was painted on a light post in memory of missing girls in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 3, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for her daughters, victims of the wave of violence that hit the border City of Ciudad Juarez wait for Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
Luz del Carmen Flores (L) and Perla Reyes (R) cross a street next to a public lighting post where black crosses on pink background were painted in memory of missing girls in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 3, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for her daughters, victims of the wave of violence that hit the border City of Ciudad Juarez wait for Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
Luz del Carmen Flores, mother of disappeared Luz Angelica Mena Flores, observes the memorial wall of missing girls, one of them her daughter, in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 3, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for her daughters, victims of the wave of violence that hit the border City of Ciudad Juarez wait for Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
Perla Reyes remains by a mural with the image of her missing daughter, Joselyn Calderon Reyes, while speaking during an inteview in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 2, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for their daughters. victims of the wave of violence that hit the border city of Ciudad Juarez, wait for the arrival of Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
Posters with images of missing girls are on a post in a street of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 2, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for her daughters, victims of the wave of violence that hit the border City of Ciudad Juarez wait for Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
Susana Montes shows a paper with the picture of her missing daughter, Maria Guadalupe Perez Montes (17), while speaking during an inteview in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 2, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for their daughters. victims of the wave of violence that hit the border city of Ciudad Juarez, wait for the arrival of Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
Luz del Carmen Flores, mother of disappeared Luz Angelica Mena Flores, observes the memorial wall of missing girls, one of them her daughter, in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico on February 3, 2016. Hundreds of mothers who look for her daughters, victims of the wave of violence that hit the border City of Ciudad Juarez wait for Pope Francis and demand to meet with him. AFP PHOTO/ Yuri CORTEZ / AFP / YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
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MEXICO CITY, Feb 7 - Pope Francis will visit some of the poorest and most violent corners of Mexico on his first visit as pontiff, and will also head to the northern border to address the plight of migrants trying to reach the United States.

More than 100,000 people have been killed in Mexico's drug wars over the last decade and its reputation was battered by the case of 43 students abducted and apparently massacred in 2014.

President Enrique Pena Nietos government botched the investigation, and relatives of the victims are looking to Francis for help in getting to the truth.

"The pope ... is coming to see how institutions have sought to forget the case of our children and leave it in impunity. He will see how drug gangs have infiltrated the government," said Meliton Ortega, whose son Mauricio is among the 43.

So far, the remains of just one of the students has been positively identified from charred bone fragments the government says were recovered from a garbage dump in the restive state of Guerrero in southwest Mexico.

A team of international experts probing the case has rejected the government's version of events.

Relatives of the students will be among those attending a Mass the pope will say in Ciudad Juarez, on the border with Texas, which was for several years one of the world's most violent cities.

He will also celebrate Mass with indigenous communities in Mexico's poorest state, Chiapas, speak with young people in Morelia, the capital of violence-torn Michoacan state, and visit prison inmates in Ciudad Juarez.

There is no private meeting planned between the students' relatives and the pope, although such encounters are often organized at the last minute.

Ahead of his visit, which begins on Friday, Francis urged Mexicans to battle against corruption and drug gang violence.

"The Mexico of violence, the Mexico of corruption, the Mexico of drug trafficking, the Mexico of cartels, is not the Mexico our Mother wants," the pope said in a video released by the Vatican last week, referring to Our Lady of Guadalupe, who Roman Catholics venerate as the patroness of Mexico.

"Of course I don't want to cover up any of that. On the contrary, I exhort you to fight every day against corruption, against trafficking, against war, against division, against organized crime, against human smuggling."

Pena Nieto's government has drawn criticism for failing to go after corrupt politicians, even those indicted in the United States. He, his wife and his finance minister have all been embroiled in conflict-of-interest scandals over houses purchased from government contractors.

Father Federico Lombardi, the Vatican spokesman, said the Pope wants to visit parts of Mexico a pontiff had not visited before, and that the Mass in Ciudad Juarez "is a symbol of his concern for migrants."

Illegal immigration is a major issue in the U.S. presidential election campaign with Republican hopeful Donald Trump vowing to put up a wall along the border if he is elected and forcing Mexico to pay for it.

"The Mass is being intentionally held right on the border so that it will be visible from both sides," Lombardi said. "Its a fence, its not a Chinese wall."

The Vatican expects a crowd of at least 200,000 on the Mexican side and of 50,000 on the U.S. side. (Additional reporting by Philip Pullella in Vatican City and Anahi Rama in Mexico City; Writing by Simon Gardner; Editing by Kieran Murray)

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