Donald Trump's poll numbers took a nosedive in the first national survey after Iowa

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Real-estate mogul Donald Trump's poll standing deflated in the first national survey released after his loss to Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) in the Monday-night Iowa caucuses.

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Trump remained in first place in the survey, which was conducted by the Democratic firm Public Policy Polling and is set to be released later Thursday. He received 25 percent of the vote from Republican-primary voters nationally. Cruz and Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Florida) tied for second at 21 percent apiece.

Retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson grabbed 11 percent. None of the remaining candidates received more than 5 percent of the vote.

See more from Monday's caucus in Iowa:

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Iowa Caucus Election 2016, people voting
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Donald Trump's poll numbers took a nosedive in the first national survey after Iowa
Caucus voters register as they arrive at a Democratic Party Caucus at Jackson Township Fire Station on February 1, 2016 in Keokuk, Iowa. Republican Senator Ted Cruz bumped billionaire Donald Trump from the top spot and Democrat Hillary Clinton faced a fierce challenge as Iowans voted in the first nominating contest of the 2016 White House race. / AFP / Michael B. Thomas (Photo credit should read MICHAEL B. THOMAS/AFP/Getty Images)
Supporters cheer as caucus returns are reported at Republican presidential candidate, Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, caucus night rally, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)
Supporters cheer as caucus returns are reported at Republican presidential candidate, Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, caucus night rally, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)
Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., watches caucus returns in his hotel room, on Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump visits a caucus site, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in West Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Attendees of Republican presidential candidate, Sen. Ted Cruz's, R-Texas, caucus night rally watch as returns are displays, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)
Workers talk together next to a campaign map at campaign office for Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton in Ankeny, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, the day of the Iowa caucus. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Members of the media work on laptops at Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clintons Caucus Night Victory Party at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Supporters wait for Republican presidential candidate, businessman Donald Trump, at his caucus night rally, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in West Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Supporters watches the results as they wait for Republican presidential candidate, businessman Donald Trump at his caucus night rally, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in West Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Precinct secretary Michelle Anderson counts votes for Republican candidates during a caucus in Nevada, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Precinct chair John Anderson, center, directs voters before a Republican party caucus in Nevada, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Precinct chair John Anderson counts votes for Republican candidates during a caucus in Nevada, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Luke Spence, right, precinct captain for Democratic presidential candidate, Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., speaks with undecided voter Kathy Galpin during a Democratic party caucus in Nevada, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Stephanie Spence, a supporter for Democratic presidential candidate, Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., stands with her daughters Meghan, 3 months, and Cameron, age 5, before a Democratic party caucus in Nevada, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Officials and precinct captains look over results during a Democratic party caucus in Nevada, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Precinct chair John Anderson holds pencils and slips of paper to be used by voters to select their candidates at a Republican party caucus in Nevada, Iowa, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
The secretary counts votes at a caucus site Monday, Feb 1, 2016, in Silver City, Iowa. (AP Photo/Dave Weaver)
Josh McNutt registers to vote in his first election at a caucus site Monday, Feb 1, 2016, in Silver City, Iowa. (AP Photo/Dave Weaver)
Supporters watch the results as they wait for Republican presidential candidate, businessman Donald Trump at his caucus night rally, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in West Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump, center, accompanied with wife, Melania, second from right, pauses for a selfie while visiting Saint Francis of Assisi Church, a caucus site, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in West Des Moines , Iowa. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Josh Kent celebrates at Republican presidential candidate, Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, caucus night rally, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016, in Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)
Mike Short (R), a Hillary Clinton caucus chairperson, speaks to undecided voters at a Democratic Party Caucus at Jackson Township Fire Station on February 1, 2016 in Keokuk, Iowa. After months of fierce campaigning, Iowans take the first steps in deciding which candidate will receive their respective party nomination for the US presidency. / AFP / Michael B. Thomas (Photo credit should read MICHAEL B. THOMAS/AFP/Getty Images)
Caucus attendees sign in as they arrive at a Democratic Party Caucus at Jackson Township Fire Station on February 1, 2016 in Keokuk, Iowa. After months of fierce campaigning, Iowans take the first steps in deciding which candidate will receive their respective party nomination for the US presidency. / AFP / Michael B. Thomas (Photo credit should read MICHAEL B. THOMAS/AFP/Getty Images)
Caucus attendees listen during a Democratic Party Caucus at Jackson Township Fire Station on February 1, 2016 in Keokuk, Iowa. After months of fierce campaigning, Iowans take the first steps in deciding which candidate will receive their respective party nomination for the US presidency. / AFP / Michael B. Thomas (Photo credit should read MICHAEL B. THOMAS/AFP/Getty Images)
Supporters of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump watch as the first poll numbers come in to the Trump Caucus Watch Party in West Des Moines, Iowa, February 1, 2016. Iowans started voting in the opening test of the US presidential race, with Republican Donald Trump looking to capitalize on his stunning campaign success and Hillary Clinton defending her status as the Democratic favorite. / AFP / Jim WATSON (Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)
WEST DES MOINES, IA - FEBRUARY 1: Ballots are counted following the Republican party caucus in precinct 317 at Valley Church on February 1, 2016 in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Democratic and Republican Iowa Caucuses, the first step in nominating a presidential candidate from each party, take place today. (Photo by Brendan Hoffman/Getty Images)
WEST DES MOINES, IA - FEBRUARY 1: Ballots are counted following the Republican party caucus in precinct 317 at Valley Church on February 1, 2016 in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Democratic and Republican Iowa Caucuses, the first step in nominating a presidential candidate from each party, take place today. (Photo by Brendan Hoffman/Getty Images)
WEST DES MOINES, IA - FEBRUARY 1: Roxanne Nikkel (L) changes her voter registration to Democrat on the back of her husband, Corey Nikkel, so she can attend the Democratic party caucus in precinct 317 at Valley Church on February 1, 2016 in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Democratic and Republican Iowa Caucuses, the first step in nominating a presidential candidate from each party, take place today. (Photo by Brendan Hoffman/Getty Images)
WEST DES MOINES, IA - FEBRUARY 1: Abigail Kemp hangs signs in support of Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders ahead of the party caucus in precinct 317 at Valley Church on February 1, 2016 in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Democratic and Republican Iowa Caucuses, the first step in nominating a presidential candidate from each party, take place today. (Photo by Brendan Hoffman/Getty Images)
WEST DES MOINES, IA - FEBRUARY 1: Democratic caucus-goers wait to sign in ahead of the party caucus in precinct 317 at Valley Church on February 1, 2016 in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Democratic and Republican Iowa Caucuses, the first step in nominating a presidential candidate from each party, take place today. (Photo by Brendan Hoffman/Getty Images)
WEST DES MOINES, IA - FEBRUARY 1: Kathi Phillips, the precinct leader for Hillary Clinton, hangs a sign directing Democratic caucus-goers in precinct 317 at Valley Church on February 1, 2016 in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Democratic and Republican Iowa Caucuses, the first step in nominating a presidential candidate from each party, take place today. (Photo by Brendan Hoffman/Getty Images)
WEST DES MOINES, IA - FEBRUARY 1: Helen Liu (L) and her son Chad Wang, both first-time caucus-goers, register as Republicans ahead of the party caucus in precinct 317 at Valley Church on February 1, 2016 in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Democratic and Republican Iowa Caucuses, the first step in nominating a presidential candidate from each party, take place today. (Photo by Brendan Hoffman/Getty Images)
Republican Presidential candidate Donald Trump gestures to his supporters after finishing second in the Iowa Caucus, in West Des Moines, Iowa, February 1, 2016. Republican Senator Ted Cruz has won the Iowa caucuses -- the first vote in the US presidential race -- in a tight contest with frontrunner Donald Trump and Senator Marco Rubio, US media projections showed. / AFP / Jim WATSON (Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)
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It was a stark contrast from Public Policy Polling's last national survey released in mid-December. That poll found Trump, at 34%, maintaining a large national lead over both Cruz (18 percent) and Rubio (13 percent). Rubio appeared to benefit the most from a stronger-than-expected showing in the Iowa caucuses, in which he nearly caught up to Trump. His poll standing was up eight points from December.

As the candidates barrel toward New Hampshire, which holds the first primary next Tuesday, early signs have shown Rubio climbing there in the wake of his Iowa performance.

A University of Massachusetts Lowell tracking poll, conducted daily, found Rubio jumping into New Hampshire's No. 2 spot in Thursday's release. Trump, however, still had more than a 20-point lead.

The Public Policy Polling survey could also lend credence to many Rubio supporters' argument that he could be the Republican establishment's best option to take down Trump and Cruz, whose potential nominations have unnerved many in the party's mainstream.

See Donald Trump through the years:

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Donald Trump through the years
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Donald Trump's poll numbers took a nosedive in the first national survey after Iowa
Real estate developer Donald Trump annouces intentions to build a $100 million dollar Regency Hotel. (Photo by John Pedin/NY Daily News via Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - MARCH 02: Donald Trump with Alfred Eisenpreis, New York City Economic Development Administrator. Sketch of new 1,400 room Renovation project of Commodore Hotel. (Photo by NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - 1980: Donald Trump and Ivana Trump attend Roy Cohn's birthday party in February 1980 in New York City. (Photo by Sonia Moskowitz/Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - MAY 26: Donald Trump stands behind architect's model of City Hall Plaza. (Photo by Frank Russo/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)
Donna Mills and Donald Trump during 1983 Annual American Image Awards at Sheraton Center in New York City, New York, United States. (Photo by Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage)
Portrait of real estate mogul Donald John Trump (b.1946), smiling slightly and facing to his right, 1983. New York. (Photo by Bachrach/Getty Images)
New York real estate magnates Steve Ross, right, and Donald Trump, left, announce agreement, Thursday, August 1, 1985 in New York, to merge the Houston Gamblers and the New Jersey Generals United States Football League teams. Ross heads a group of investors that last week agreed to buy the troubled Houston franchise. (AP Photo/Marty Lederhandler)
Real estate magnate Donald Trump poses in front of one of three Sikorsky helicopters at New York Port Authority's West 30 Street Heliport on March 22, 1988. (AP Photo/Wilbur Funches)
Ivana Trump and Donald Trump during Mike Tyson vs Michael Spinks Fight at Trump Plaza - June 27, 1988 at Trump Plaza in Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States. (Photo by Ron Galella/WireImage)
Donald Trump and his wife, Ivana, pose outside the Federal Courthouse after she was sworn in as a United States citizen, May 1988. (AP Photo)
NEW YORK, NY - DECEMBER 4: Billionaire Donald Trump and his wife Ivana arrive 04 December 1989 at a social engagement in New York. (Photo credit should read SWERZEY/AFP/Getty Images)
Shown in photo is Donald Trump, Nov. 20, 1990. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)
Billionaire developer Donald Trump, right, waits with his brother Robert for the start of a Casino Control Commission meeting in Atlantic City, N.J., March 29, 1990. Trump was seeking final approval for the Taj Mahal Casino Resort, one of the world's largest casino complexes. (AP Photo)
Developer Donald Trump, center, is flanked by super middleweight champion Thomas Hearns, left, of Detroit, and Michael Olajide of Canada at a news conference in New York Thursday, Feb. 15, 1990. The three announced the super middleweight title bout at Trump Taj Mahal Casino Resort at Atlantic city, N. J on April 28.(AP Photo/Timothy Clary)
Real estate magnate Donald Trump and his girlfriend Marla Maples are seen at the Holyfield-Foreman fight at Trump Plaza in Atlantic City, N.J., April 19, 1991. (AP Photo)
Donald Trump and Daughter Ivanka Trump during Maybelline Presents 1991 Look of the Year at Plaza Hotel in New York City, New York, United States. (Photo by Ron Galella/WireImage)
NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 7: Donald Trump touches 07 April 1993 Marla Maples stomach to confirm published reports that the actress is pregnant with his child. The two arrived for Maples appearance in the Broadway musical 'The Will Rogers Follies'. (Photo credit should read HAI DO/AFP/Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - DECEMBER 21: US business tycoon Donald Trump(C) enters the PLaza Hotel in New York past supporters 21 December 1994. Hundreds of supporters showed up at a news conference where Trump denied a New York newspaper report that the Sultan of Brunei had bid 300 million USD to buy the Manhattan hotel. (Photo credit should read DON EMMERT/AFP/Getty Images)
FILE--This is a 1994 file photo of Donald Trump. Trump said Wednesday, Oct. 23, 1996 he has bought the Miss Universe, Miss USA and Miss Teen beauty pageants from ITT. ``It's a done deal,'' Trump said in a telephone interview. ``It's a very, very great entertainment format. It gets very high ratings, it's doing very well and we'll make it even better.'' Trump declined to say how much he paid. Asked if a New York Post source was correct in saying the deal was worth tens of millions of dollars, Trump replied, ``Why not? (AP Photo/Jim Cooper)
FLUSHING MEADOWS, UNITED STATES: Donald Trump and his girlfriend Celina Midelfar watch Conchita Martinez and Amanda Coetzer 07 September at US Open in Flushing Meadows, NY. AFP PHOTO Timothy CLARY (Photo credit should read TIMOTHY CLARY/AFP/Getty Images)
Donald Trump and Christine Whitman during Opening of New Warner Bros. Store in Trump Plaza Casino at Trump Plaza Casino in Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States. (Photo by Ron Galella/WireImage)
In this June 7, 1995 file photograph, Donald Trump is seen above the floor of the New York Stock Exchange after taking his flagship Trump Plaza Casino public in New York City. Trump Entertainment Resorts Inc., based in Atlantic City, New Jersey, filed for Chapter 11 protection on Tuesday, Feb. 17, 2009, in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in New Jersey. Trump and his daughter Ivanka resigned from the company's board Friday, Feb. 13, 2009, after growing frustrated with bondholders. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens,File)
Celine Dion, husband Rene, Donald Trump & Ivanka Trump (Photo by KMazur/WireImage)
Entrepreneur Donald Trump watches an undercard fight as an unidentified companion whispers into his ear before the start of the Mike Tyson versus Francois Botha bout at the MGM Grand Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, Saturday, Jan. 16, 1999. (AP Photo/Eric Draper)
Developer Donald Trump holds an umbrella as he walks Saturday, Nov. 9, 2002, to the 11th green of the Ocean Trail Golf Club in Rancho Palos Verdes, Calif. Trump plans to turn the beleagured golf club into a world class course. Trump intends to close on the golf club by December and hopes to begin improvements by January. He could reopen the course, 20 miles south of Los Angeles, as early as June. (AP Photo/Damian Dovarganes)
Entrepreneur Donald Trump (L) and Rev. Al Sharpton speak at a ribbon cutting ceremony for Sharpton's National Action Network Convention April 5, 2002 in New York City. The group aims to further the development of civil rights. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
Donald Trump and his girlfriend Melania Knauss attend the Marc Bouwer/Peta Fall/Winter 2002 Collection show February 14, 2002 during Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week in New York City. (Photo by George De Sota/Getty Images)
NEW YORK, UNITED STATES - DECEMBER 06: WBC Kampf im Schwergewicht 2003, New York/Madison Square Garden; Vitali KLITSCHKO/UKR - Kirk JOHNSON/CAN; Donald TRUMP als Zuschauer (Photo by Alexander Hassenstein/Bongarts/Getty Images)
FOXBORO, MA - JANUARY 10: Donald Trump stands on the sidelines before the start of the AFC divisional playoffs between the New England Patriots and Tennessee Titans on January 10, 2004 at Gillette Stadium in Foxboro, Massachusetts. Temperatures have reached as low as 7 degrees in the Foxboro area. (Photo by Al Bello/Getty Images)
US tycoon Donald Trump arrives to speak at the annual Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) at National Harbor, Maryland, outside Washington, on February 27, 2015. AFP PHOTO/NICHOLAS KAMM (Photo credit should read NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)
NASHVILLE, TN - APRIL 10: Donald Trump speaks during the NRA-ILA Leadership Forum at the 2015 NRA Annual Meeting & Exhibits on April 10, 2015 in Nashville, Tennessee. The annual NRA meeting and exhibit runs through Sunday. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - MARCH 24: Real estate mogul and billionaire Donald Trump attends Golf legend Jack Nicklaus' Congressional Gold Medal ceremony in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda March 24, 2015 in Washington, DC. Trump announed on March 18 that he has launched a presidential exploratory committee. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IA - MAY 16: Businessman Donald Trump speaks to guests gathered for the Republican Party of Iowa's Lincoln Dinner at the Iowa Events Center on May 16, 2015 in Des Moines, Iowa. The event sponsored by the Republican Party of Iowa gave several Republican presidential hopefuls an opportunity to strengthen their support among Iowa Republicans ahead of the 2016 Iowa caucus. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Developer Donald Trump displays a copy of his net worth during his announcement that he will seek the Republican nomination for president, Tuesday, June 16, 2015, in the lobby of Trump Tower in New York. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)
Republican presidential hopeful Donald Trump gives a thumbs up before boarding his campaign plane to depart from Laredo, Texas, Thursday, July 23, 2015. (AP Photo/LM Otero)
AYR, SCOTLAND - JULY 30: Republican Presidential Candidate Donald Trump visits his Scottish golf course Turnberry with his children Ivanka Trump and Eric Trump on July 30, 2015 in Ayr, Scotland. Donald Trump answered questions from the media at a press conference. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
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The poll found the most support for Rubio in a theoretical three-man race for the nomination, with 34% picking the Florida senator compared with 33% for Trump and 25% for Cruz. He would also best Trump and Cruz in theoretical head-to-head bouts for the nomination. And his 64% favorability rating among Republican voters nationally trailed only retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson in that measure.

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