Limiting infants to almond milk can result in scurvy

Before you go, we thought you'd like these...
Infant's Case Of Scurvy Linked To Diet Consisting Largely Of Almond Milk

(Reuters Health) - Plant-based beverages like almond milk can't be used to replace breast milk or infant formula, a new report warns.

The authors of the report describe an infant in Spain who was fed only almond beverages or almond flour-based formulations from age two months to 11 months and developed fractures and failure to thrive due to scurvy.

See also: Steven Avery hasn't been allowed to watch 'Making a Murderer' in prison

Scurvy is a serious condition caused by lack of vitamin C in the diet. Once the scourge of sailors who did not have access to sources of vitamin C during many months at sea, scurvy is rare today.

Dr. Isidro Vitoria of the Hospital Universitario y Politecnico La Fe in Valencia, Spain, and coauthors report the case of a male baby who was born at term, vaccinated according to Spanish guidelines, and fed with a cow's milk based formula for the first two and a half months of life.

When he developed skin inflammation, a medical doctor recommended he be switched to daily intake of a prepared mixture including almond drink, almond flour, sesame powder, brown rice malt, brown rice, millet and a sachet of probiotics and prebiotics marketed in Spain.

From age six months onward, his mother offered him pureed fruits and vegetables that he would not eat.

At 11 months of age, the baby was tired, irritable, had failed to thrive and refused to support his legs on a solid surface, crying even when an adult moved his legs for him.

He had abnormal levels of zinc, vitamin D, thyroid stimulating hormone and ascorbic acid, or vitamin C.

X-rays revealed fractures in his legs and back and thinning bones.

The almond formula was stopped and replaced with infant formula, cereals, meat, fruits and vegetables supplemented with vitamin C and D replacement therapy. One month later his x-rays had improved. Soon afterward, his vitamin C and D levels had normalized.

Two months after stopping the almond formula he started walking, the authors reported in Pediatrics.

In the first year of life, babies should consume 50 to 60 milligrams of vitamin C every day, the authors say. On average, 8 ounces (240 ml) of breast milk contains about 11 milligrams of vitamin C. Infant formulas should contain 10 to 30 milligrams per 100 calorie serving, the authors write.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants be exclusively breastfed for about the first six months of life, and then solid foods can be introduced.

Fruits like oranges, strawberries and kiwis are also good sources of vitamin C.

When almond beverages are processed, some vitamins, including vitamin C, lose their biological activity, the authors note. Although some such beverages in Spain are fortified with vitamins and nutrients, the particular formula this baby received was deficient in vitamin C, D, calcium, iron and zinc.

"Pediatricians and parents should be aware that plant-based beverages are not a complete food and they may not replace breastfeeding or infant formula," the authors write.

The authors did not respond to a request for comment by deadline.

SOURCE: http://bit.ly/1PbDdgV Pediatrics, online January 18, 2016.

See images of the most popular girl names of 2015:

50 PHOTOS
Top 50 baby names (girls)
See Gallery
Limiting infants to almond milk can result in scurvy

50. Sadie

Pictured here: Reality TV star Sadie Robertson

(Photo by Astrid Stawiarz/Getty Images)

49. Claire

Pictured here: American actress Claire Danes

(Photo by Frazer Harrison/Getty Images)

48. Sarah

Pictured here: Pioneering female football referee Sarah Thomas

(Photo by Drew Hallowell/Getty Images)

47. Nevaeh

Pictured here: Rocker Sonny Sandoval of the band P.O.D who is widely credited with the rising popularity of the baby name Nevaeh after the birth of his daughter in 2000. 

(Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)

46. Alexis

Pictured here: American actress Alexis Bledel

(Photo by Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images)

45. Riley

Pictured here: Riley Keough, Model, Actress and daughter of Lisa-Marie Presley 

(Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

44. Arianna

Pictured here: Author and Editor-in-Chief of the Huffington Post, Arianna Huffington

(Photo by Andrew Burton/Getty Images)

43. Hailey

Pictured here: American model Hailey Clauson

(Photo by Jamie McCarthy/Getty Images)

42. Scarlett

Pictured here: American actress Scarlett Johansson

(Photo by Frazer Harrison/Getty Images)

41. Kaylee

Pictured here: Austrailian musician Kaylee Harrison

(Photo by Lisa Maree Williams/Getty Images)

40. Aria

Pictured here: Maisie Williams as Arya Stark in Game of Thrones

(photo credit: Helen Sloan/Courtesy of HBO)

39. Camila

Pictured here: Italian tennis player Camila Giorgi

(Photo by Mike Ehrmann/Getty Images)

38. Gabriella

Pictured here: English royal Lady Gabriella Windsor

(Photo by Max Mumby/Indigo via Getty Images)

37. Savannah

Pictured here: American journalist Savannah Guthrie

(Photo by Neilson Barnard/Getty Images)

36. Aaliyah

Pictured here: the late singer Aaliyah Haughton

(Photo by KMazur/WireImage via Getty Images)

35. Anna

Pictured here: Anna Wintour, Editor-in-Chief of Vogue 

(Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

34.Allison

Pictured here: American actress Allison Williams

(Photo by Frazer Harrison/Getty Images)

33. Leah

Pictured here: American Actress Leah Remini

 (Photo by Alberto E. Rodriguez/Getty Images)

32. Audrey

Pictured here: French actress Audrey Tautou

(Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

31. Zoe

Pictured here: Actress/singer Zoe Kravitz

(Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

30. Layla

Pictured here: Retired boxer Laila Ali

(Photo by Marcus Ingram/Getty Images)

29. Samantha

Pictured here: US ambassador to the United Nations, Samantha Power

(Photo by Hector Retamal via AFP/Getty Images)

28. Brooklyn

Pictured here: American model Brooklyn Decker

(Photo by Jonathan Leibson/Getty Images)

27. Lily

Pictured here: English actress Lily Collins

(Photo by Atsushi Tomura/Getty Images)

26. Lillian

Pictured here: American Designer Lillian (Lilly) Pulitzer 

(Photo by The Palm Beach Post/Zuma Press via Alamy)

25. Victoria

Pictured here: English singer & designer Victoria Beckham

(Photo by Suhaimi Abdullah/Getty Images)

24. Zoey

Pictured here: American actress Zooey Deschanel 

(Photo by Imeh Akpanudosen/Getty Images)

23. Hannah

Pictured here: American entrepreneur Hannah Bronfman

(Photo by Ben Gabbe/Getty Images)

22. Grace

Pictured here: Actress & Princess of Monaco Grace Kelly

(Photo by Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

21. Natalie

Pictured here: American actress Natalie Portman

(Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

 20. Evelyn

Pictured here: Dominican volleyball player Evelyn Carrera

(Photo by Miguel Gomez/AP)

19. Addison

Pictured here: American actress Addison Timlin

(Photo by Michael Kovac/Getty Images)

18. Aubrey

Pictured here: American actress Aubrey Plaza

(Photo by Michael Loccisano/Getty Images)

17. Amelia

Pictured here: Pioneering female pilot Amelia Earhart

(Photo by New York Times Co. via Getty Images)

16. Harper

Pictured here: Pulitzer prize winning author Harper Lee

(Photo by Hulton Archive via Getty Images)

15. Ella

Pictured here: Jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald 

(Photo by: NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)

14. Chloe

Pictured here: American actress Chloe Sevigny 

(Photo by JP Yim/Getty Images)

13. Sofia

Pictured here: American flimmaker Sofia Coppola

(Photo by Dimitrios Kambouris/Getty Images)

12. Avery

Pictured here: Actress Elizabeth Banks portrays Avery Jessup on televison's 30 Rock

(Photo by: Ali Goldstein/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)

11. Charlotte

Pictured here: English makeup artist Charlotte Tilbury

(Photo by Dimitrios Kambouris/Getty Images for Rachel Zoe)

10. Elizabeth

Pictured here: Hollywood star Elizabeth Taylor

(photo credit: Glasshouse images/Alamy)

9. Madison

Pictured here: American actress Madison Pettis

(Photo by Angela Weiss/Getty Images)

8. Abigail

Pictured here: American actress Abigail Breslin 

(Photo by Chelsea Lauren/Getty Images)

7. Emily

Pictured here: English actress Emily Blunt

(Photo by Jason Merritt/Getty Images)

6. Mia

Pictured here: Acclaimed actress Mia Farrow

(Photo by Terry O'Neill/Getty Images)

5. Ava

Pictured here: American film actress Ava Gardner

(Photo by Ron Burton via Keystone/Getty Images)

4. Isabella

Pictured here: Movie actress Isabella Rossellini

(Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

3. Olivia

Pictured here: American actress Olivia Wilde

(Photo by Justin Tallis via AFP/Getty Images)

2. Emma

Pictured here: English actress Emma Watson

(Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

1. Sophia

Pictured here: Italian-French film star Sophia Loren

(Photo by Alberto E. Rodriguez/Getty Images)

of
SEE ALL
BACK TO SLIDE
SHOW CAPTION +
HIDE CAPTION


More from AOL.com:
Mother, 3 children killed in Iowa house fire
Organization walking streets, giving away coats to those in need
No joke! Gas is 47 cents per gallon in one Michigan town

Read Full Story

People are Reading