AP PHOTOS: Editor selections from the Middle East for 2015
FILE - In this Thursday, Jan. 15, 2015 photo, Pakistani cross-dresser Waseem Akram, 27, dances during a private party in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen, File)
FILE - In this Friday, Jan. 16, 2015 file photo, Iranian skier Zahra Jabbari stands prior to her descent from a slope at the Shemshak ski resort in the Alborz mountain range 36 miles (60 kilometers) northeast of the capital Tehran, Iran. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi, File)
FILE - In this Friday, July 31, 2015 file photo, a Palestinian man mourns alongside the body of a one-and-a-half year old boy, Ali Dawabsheh, during his funeral in Duma village near the West Bank city of Nablus. The sleeping toddler was burned to death when suspected Jewish assailants set fire to two Palestinian homes, an attack that also critically wounded the child's 4-year-old brother and parents and outraged both Israelis and Palestinians. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, July 21, 2015 file photo, Syrian refugee Kutana al-Hamadi, 24, tends to her son Almunzir, 7 months, covered with a mosquito net, whom she claims is suffering from malnutrition, at their tent in an informal tented settlement near the Syrian border on the outskirts of Mafraq, Jordan. "My son is too weak; my body doesnât produce milk (and) ... we canât afford buying milk,â says Kutana al-Hamadi. âWe survived the barrel bombs in Syria but Iâm afraid we wonât survive the lack of health and food.â (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, Aug. 23, 2015 file photo, Lebanese activists hold up a makeshift shield as they are sprayed by riot police using water cannons during a protest against the ongoing trash crisis, in downtown Beirut, Lebanon. Lebanese riot police fired several rounds of tear gas and water cannons for the second consecutive day in downtown Beirut Sunday as they battled protesters with batons and stones _ a marked escalation of mass demonstrations against an ongoing trash crisis. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, Sept. 29, 2015 file photo, a Palestinian protester throws a stone during clashes with Israeli soldiers in the West Bank city of Hebron. Palestinian demonstrators clashed with Israeli troops across the West Bank as tensions remained high following days of violence at Jerusalem's most sensitive holy site, revered by Jews as the Temple Mount and by Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary. (AP Photo/Nasser Shiyoukhi, File)
FILE - In this Friday, April 24, 2015 file photo, an Egyptian youth carries a lit flare as supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood gather in the El-Mataria neighborhood of Cairo, Egypt, to protest the 20-year sentence for ousted president Mohammed Morsi and verdicts against other prominent figures of the Brotherhood. (AP Photo/Belal Darder, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, March 5, 2015 file photo, youth dance at a local wedding in Salam City, a suburb on the outskirts of Cairo. Since the 2011 uprising, the music of "Mahraganat," Arabic for "festivals," has emerged from and spread through impoverished communities, where local musicians play, especially during weddings, their auto-tuned beats and songs that tackle social, political and cultural issues. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Feb. 16, 2015 file photo, a man is comforted by others as he mourns over Egyptian Coptic Christians who were captured in Libya and killed by militants affiliated with the Islamic State group, outside of the Virgin Mary church in the village of el-Aour, near Minya, 220 kilometers (135 miles) south of Cairo, Egypt. Egyptian warplanes struck Islamic State targets in Libya on Monday in swift retribution for the extremists' beheading of a group of Egyptian Christian hostages on a beach, shown in a grisly online video released hours earlier. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Oct. 12, 2015 file photo, a lawyer wearing his official robes kicks a tear gas canister back toward Israeli soldiers during a demonstration by scores of Palestinian lawyers called for by the Palestinian Bar Association in solidarity with protesters at the Al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem's Old City, near Ramallah, West Bank. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Oct. 26, 2015 file photo, a girl injured from an earthquake admits at a local hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Sept. 21, 2015 file photo taken with a slow shutter speed, Muslim pilgrims circle the Kaaba, the cubic building at the Grand Mosque in the Muslim holy city of Mecca, while performing Tawaf, an anti-clockwise movement around the Kaaba and one of the main rites of the Hajj, in Saudi Arabia. In Mecca, the holy site all the worldâs Muslims pray toward, the annual hajj pilgrimage began Tuesday with over 2 million faithful gathering to call out in Arabic: "Here I am, God, answering your call. Here I am." (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Nov. 5, 2015 file photo, a minority Hindu women cries in a temple as she holds remains of holy book burnt in an accidental fire broke out in slums of Karachi, Pakistan. Dozens of houses were gutted in the incident. (AP Photo/Fareed Khan, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, July 15, 2015 file photo, an Afghan vendor prepares sweets to be displayed for sale for the upcoming Eid Al-Fitr celebrations, in Herat, Afghanistan. (AP Photo/Hoshang Hashimi, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Nov. 23, 2015 file photo, relatives and friends hug during the funeral of 21 year old Hadar Buchris at a cemetery in Jerusalem. Buchris was killed in a stabbing attack at the Gush Etzion Junction in the West bank. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner, File)
FILE - In this Monday, April 26, 2015 file photo, an internally displaced Pakistani girl from a tribal area attends her daily lesson at a madrassa, a school for the study of Islam, on the outskirts of Islamabad, Pakistan. (AP Photo/B.K. Bangash, File)
FILE - In this Friday, Nov. 20, 2015 file photo, Pakistani poor children wait to receive free food for their families, distributed at local shrine in suburbs of Islamabad, Pakistan. Pakistan also observed Universal Children's Day, which is marked annually by the United Nations with other nations. (AP Photo/B.K. Bangash, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Feb. 23, 2015 file photo, Afghan refugee schoolgirls attend a class at a makeshift school on the outskirts of Islamabad, Pakistan. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen, File)
FILE - In this Thursday. Sept. 24, 2015 file photo, Saudi security forces cordon the site where pilgrims were crushed and trampled to death during the annual hajj pilgrimage in Mina, Saudi Arabia. The crush killed hundreds of pilgrims and injured hundreds more in Mina, a large valley on the outskirts of the holy city of Mecca, the deadliest tragedy to strike the pilgrimage in more than two decades. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, July 19, 2015 file photo, Pakistanis enjoy a ride at a carnival on the occasion of Eid al-Fitr holidays in Islamabad, Pakistan. The three-day holidays of Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the holy fasting month of Ramadan. (AP Photo/Anjum Naveed, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, Sept. 29, 2015 file photo, Sahara, a rare red-haired female Hamadryas Baboon holds 3 weeks old dark-furred baby in the Ramat Gan Safari Park near Tel Aviv, Israel. It was the first time in decades that one of these light-furred primates has given birth at the zoo. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, Sept. 23, 2015 file photo, a Muslim pilgrim prays on a rocky hill called the Mountain of Mercy, on the Plain of Arafat, near the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the hajj pilgrimage. Mount Arafat, marked by a white pillar, is where Islam's Prophet Muhammad is believed to have delivered his last sermon to tens of thousands of followers some 1,400 years ago, calling on Muslims to unite. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Monday, June 15, 2015 file photo, Ibrahim Al-Jamal, 17, carries Mona, the female lion cub, as Max the male lion cub is petted by people on the beach of Gaza City, in the northern Gaza Strip. Saduldin al-Jamal had bought the cubs from the Gaza zoo, hit during last summer's Israel-Hamas war. His family would take them to parks or the beach and children â those brave enough â would come up to pet them. (AP Photo/Adel Hana, File)
FILE - In this Friday, Aug. 7, 2015 file photo, Syrian refugee groom Ahmad Khalid, 21, and his bride Fatheya Mohammed, 21, sit in front of his family's tent during their wedding ceremony at an informal tented settlement near the Syrian border on the outskirts of Mafraq, Jordan. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen, File)
FILE - In this Saturday, July 18, 2015 file photo, Iranian women pray during the Eid al-Fitr prayer in Tehran, Iran. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, during which Muslims all over the world fast from sunrise to sunset. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi, File)
FILE - In this Friday, Sept. 25, 2015 file photo, Iraqis enjoy a ride at Amusement City fairgrounds during Eid al-Adha celebrations in Baghdad, Iraq. Eid al-Adha, or Feast of Sacrifice, commemorates what Muslims believe was Prophet Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son. It is a festive holiday where it is traditional for men, women and children to dress in new clothing and spend time with their families outdoors. (AP Photo/Hadi Mizban, File)
FILE - Palestinian refugees play foosball in a street during the Eid al-Fitr holiday in the al-Wihdat refugee camp in Amman, Jordan, Saturday, July 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen, File)
FILE - In this Saturday, Oct. 24, 2015 file photo, Lebanese Shiite supporters of Hezbollah listen to the story of Imam Hussein, during activities marking the holy day of Ashoura, in southern Beirut, Lebanon. Ashoura is the annual Shiite Muslim commemoration marking the death of Imam Hussein, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq in the 7th century. Arabic writing on bandanas reads, "Oh Abu-Abdullah Hussein," (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar, File)
FILE - In this Friday, Nov. 27, 2015 file photo, a Pakistani devotee prays at the shrine of Sufi Barri Imam to get her wishes fulfilled in Islamabad, Pakistan. (AP Photo/B.K. Bangash, File)
FILE - In this April 12, 2015 file photo, Sayed Ahmed Abdoh poles his boat to check his fish traps in the Nile River, near Abu al-Nasr village, about 770 kilometers (480 miles) south of Cairo, Egypt. (AP Photo/Hiro Komae, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, Feb. 25, 2015 file photo, Maggie Gobran, known as "Mama Maggie", kisses the foot of a child as she places a new slipper on her foot after washing her feet at a community development center she founded, in the Manshiet Nasr neighborhood of Cairo, Egypt. âI want each child to know how much I love them. I appreciate them, I respect them,â she said. Her organization, called Stephenâs Children after Christianityâs first martyr, has started nearly 90 such centers and she estimates they have assisted more than 30,000 low-income Egyptian families. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty, File)
FILE - In this Friday, July 17, 2015 file photo, Palestinians Sajeda Areir, 8, left, her sister Farah,7, center, and their brother Mohammed pose for a photograph as they dressed up to celebrate the first day of Eid al-Fitr in the Shijaiyeh neighborhood of Gaza City.(AP PhotoKhalil Hamra, File)
FILE - In this Saturday, July 18, 2015 file photo, Pakistanis watch two performers demonstrate their motorcycle skills inside the "well of death" at a fair set up for the occasion of the Eid al-Fitr holiday in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. (AP Photo/Anjum Naveed, File)
FILE - In this Friday, April 10, 2015 file photo, a young boy dances as adherents of the Qadiriyah Sufi order gather at the tomb of Sheikh Hamed Al Nil, a 19th century Sufi leader at his tomb in Omdurman, Sudan. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Feb. 26, 2015 file photo, Afghan villagers gather to pray for victims of an avalanche, in the Khanj district of Panjshir province, north of Kabul, Afghanistan. (AP Photo/Massoud Hossaini, File)
FILE - In this Monday, July 13, 2015 file photo, Egyptian Muslims gather for iftar at the end of the fasting day during the holy month of Ramadan outside Hussein mosque in Cairo, Egyp. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2015 file photo, an elderly Egyptian woman is rescued from an apartment balcony during a building fire as neighbors and firefighters use an improvised slide to evacuate her to the roof of an adjacent building in downtown Cairo. An electrical fire raged in a residential building in the Ramsis neighborhood of Cairo injuring at least three people. (AP Photo/Ahmed Gamil, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, Nov. 1, 2015 file photo, debris of a Russian airplane is seen at the site a day after the passenger jet bound for St. Petersburg, Russia, crashed in Hassana, Egypt. The Metrojet plane, bound for St. Petersburg in Russia, crashed 23 minutes after it took off from Egypt's Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh on Saturday morning. The 224 people on board, all Russian except for four Ukrainians and one Belarusian, died. (AP Photo, File)
FILE - In this Saturday, Oct. 10, 2015 file photo, Israeli police stand near the body of a Palestinian who, according to the police, stabbed two police officers, then other police forces opened fire and killed him, but also wounded one of their own, at the Damascus Gate of Jerusalem's Old City. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Illean, File)
FILE - In this Friday, April 10, 2015 file photo, mourners carry the body of Ziyad Awad during his funeral in Beit Ummar, West Bank. Awad was killed in clashes with Israeli soldiers, following the funeral of his cousin who died three months after being released from an Israeli jail. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Illean, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 17, 2015 file photo, an Emirati gunner watches for enemy fire from the rear gate of a United Arab Emirates Chinook military helicopter flying over Yemen. In Yemenâs Marib province, a key battleground in the fighting against Shiite rebels, frustration is growing in the ranks of troops backing the countryâs president-in-exile after more than a week without gains on the ground. (AP Photo/Adam Schreck, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, April 26, 2015 file photo, men on a motorbike rush a man who was injured during a crossfire between tribal fighters and Shiite militia known as Houthis, to a hospital, in Taiz, Yemen. The fighting in Taiz between government forces and rebels was heaviest around government and security buildings in the city center, killing some 20 civilians and wounding dozens more, they said, adding that indiscriminately fired mortar rounds hit several private residences and landed near a hospital at one point. (AP Photo/Abdulnasser Alseddik, File)
FILE - In this Friday, June 19, 2015 file photo, Palestinian women walk past an Israeli border police officer on their way to pray at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, on the first Friday of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, at the Qalandia checkpoint between the West Bank city of Ramallah and Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, Oct. 7, 2015 file photo, Israeli soldiers arrest a man while others treat Palestinians wounded during clashes with the Israeli military, near Ramallah, West Bank. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Friday, Oct. 9, 2015 file photo, Palestinians take cover during clashes with Israeli troops near Ramallah, West Bank. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, July 29, 2015 file photo, Israeli settlers watch the demolition of a building at the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank town of Ramallah. Israeli bulldozers began demolishing a contested housing complex in a West Bank settlement as the prime ministerâs office announced the âimmediate constructionâ of some 300 new units at another location in the same settlement and advanced plans for about 500 new units in east Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Tsafrir Abayov, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, July 30, 2015 file photo, an ultra-Orthodox Jew attacks people with a knife during a Gay Pride parade in central Jerusalem. Israeli police said several people were stabbed. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, March 26, 2015 file photo, people carry the body of a child they uncovered from under the rubble of houses destroyed by Saudi airstrikes near Sanaa Airport, Yemen. Saudi Arabia launched airstrikes Thursday targeting military installations in Yemen held by Shiite rebels who were taking over a key port city in the country's south and had driven the embattled president to flee by sea, security officials said. (AP Photo/Hani Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, Oct. 20, 2015 file photo, a truck driven by a Palestinian man runs over an Israeli man as a stick he was wielding is thrown into the air at Fawar junction near the West Bank city of Hebron. The Israeli, who later died, had gotten out of his car after Palestinian demonstrators threw stones at it and began to hit passing Palestinian cars with the stick. (AP Photo/Nasser Shiyoukhi, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, May 19, 2015 file photo, Abo Bakr Mohammed, 12, who suffers from epilepsy, covers himself with a mosquito net in his family's room, at an orphanage that has been turned into a center for Yemeni refugees, in Obock, northern Djibouti. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Nov. 23, 2015 file photo, Yemeni students perform in a sketch in front of the U.N. building during a protest demanding the Saudi-led coalition stop targeting schools in Sanaa, Yemen. (AP Photo/Hani Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, May 10, 2015 file photo, Smoke rises from a house of former Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh after a Saudi-led airstrike in Sanaa, Yemen. (AP Photo/Hani Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Monday, April 13, 2015 file photo, a Sudanese woman fills her ballot before voting at a polling station, on the first day of Sudan's presidential and legislative elections, in Izba, an impoverished neighborhood on the outskirts of Khartoum, Sudan. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy, File)
FILE - In this Monday, Nov. 23, 2015 file photo, an Egyptian woman waits for an election worker to check her identification card inside a polling center during the second phase of the parliamentary election, in the Maadi district of Cairo, Egypt. Arabic on wall of school reads "give me more knowledge." (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty, File)
FILE - In this Monday, March 30, 2015 file photo, Iraqi security forces launch a rocket against Islamic State extremist positions during clashes in Tikrit, 130 kilometers (80 miles) north of Baghdad, Iraq. (AP Photo/Khalid Mohammed, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, Oct. 20, 2015 file photo, Bahraini women tend to a young man overcome by tear gas during clashes with riot police in the western village of Karzakan, Bahrain. Clashes erupted after police began removing street decorations for the Shiite religious occasion of Ashura, a 10-day mourning period for an early Shiite saint. (AP Photo/Hasan Jamali, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, March 22, 2015 file photo, Afghan women rights activists carry the coffin of 27-year-old Farkhunda, an Afghan woman who was beaten to death by a mob, during her funeral, in Kabul, Afghanistan. Hundreds of people gathered in northern Kabul for the funeral of Farkhunda, who like many Afghans is known by only one name. She was killed late Thursday by a mob of mostly men who beat her, set her body on fire and then threw it into the Kabul River, according to police accounts. Police are still investigating what prompted the mob assault. (AP Photo/Massoud Hossaini, File)
FILE - In this Saturday, Aug. 29, 2015 file photo, Marwa Fahmy wife of Canadian Al-Jazeera English journalist Mohammed Fahmy, bursts into tears, as she is watched by human rights lawyer Amal Clooney, after the verdict in a courtroom in Tora prison in Cairo, Egypt. The court sentenced three Al-Jazeera English journalists to three years in prison, the last twist in a long-running trial criticized worldwide by press freedom advocates and human rights activists. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 27, 2015 file photo, the body of a drowned migrant is lies on a dock in Zuwara, Libya. It was not clear how many migrants had drowned. Dozens of boats are launched from lawless Libya each week, with Italy and Greece bearing the brunt of the surge. (AP Photo/Mohamed Ben Khalifa, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, Jan. 27, 2015 file photo, 36 year-old Palestinian mother Abeer, right, sits near her daughter, 19-month-old Anwar Saad, at their family home in Gaza City. For the Saads, the summerâs war in Gaza, the third between Israel and Hamas, came into their home on July 18, 2014 when they say an Israeli tank shell crashed through the wall of their house in Gazaâs crowded Shijaiyeh neighborhood. Shrapnel wounded all of the Saad family. Anwarâs mother spends much of her time caring for her daughter. The infant only stops crying when she is in her rocking bed. Before the war, Anwar was playful and alert, the mother said. Not any longer. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra, File)
FILE - In this Wednesday, Feb. 11, 2015 file photo, Pakistani female police commandos attend a training session in Nowshera, near Peshawar Pakistan. Authorities formed a Special Combat Unit after Taliban militants stormed a Peshawar school on Dec. 16, 2014 and massacred 150 children and teachers. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad, File)
In this Monday, Dec. 7, 2015 photo, a veterinary technician feeds a horse at the Koret School of Veterinary Medicine in Rishon Lezion, Israel. Veterinarians in the hospital of the School of Veterinary Medicine operate on about two dozen horses a month, and must use elaborate tools and close attention to safely sedate, treat and revive the animals that can weigh more than 1,000 pounds. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty)
FOR USE AS DESIRED, YEAR END PHOTOS - FILE - An Israeli soldier shoots a Palestinian holding a knife after he stabbed another Israeli soldier, seen kneeling, during clashes in Hebron, West Bank, Friday, Oct. 16, 2015. The Palestinian man wearing a yellow "press" vest and a T-shirt identifying him as journalist stabbed and wounded the soldier in the latest in a monthlong spate of attacks. (AP Photo/Nasser Shiyoukhi, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Oct. 29, 2015 file photo, a Lebanese activist lights candles on the ground during a protest against the ongoing trash crisis and government corruption, in Beirut, Lebanon. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Oct. 8, 2015 file photo, Lebanese anti-government protesters kiss during a protest against the ongoing trash crisis and government corruption, in downtown Beirut, Lebanon. Lebanese security forces used water cannons and eventually fired tear gas canisters to disperse dozens of anti-government protesters who tried to get past security barricades and reach parliament. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar, File)
FOR USE AS DESIRED, YEAR END PHOTOS - FILE - Ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, wearing a red jumpsuit that designates he has been sentenced to death, raises his hands inside a defendants cage in a makeshift courtroom at the national police academy, in an eastern suburb of Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, June 21, 2015. The week before, a court sentenced Morsi to death in a separate case over a prison break in 2011. (AP Photo/Ahmed Omar, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, Nov. 24, 2015 file photo, a Palestinian protester uses a sling burning tire during clashes with Israeli troops in the West Bank city of Ramallah. (AP Photo/ Nasser Shiyoukhi, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Nov. 12, 2015 file photo, a Kurdish peshmerga fighter pauses during an operation to retake the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar. Kurdish Iraqi fighters, backed by the U.S.-led air campaign, launched an assault Thursday aiming to retake the strategic town of Sinjar, which the Islamic State overran last year in an onslaught that caused the flight of tens of thousands of Yazidis and first prompted the U.S. to launch airstrikes against the militants. (AP Photo/Bram Janssen, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, Nov. 15, 2015 file photo, two Ultra-Orthodox Jews look at Jerusalem's Old City walls illuminated by the colors of the French national flag in solidarity with France after attacks in Paris, in Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, Oct. 15, 2015 file photo, Asmaa Ahmed Abdel Hakeem, an independent candidate, waves from a vehicle as she campaigns in her neighborhood in Giza, Egypt ahead of Egyptian parliamentary elections. The 40 year-old woman is a manager of a family-owned school. It's her first time to run in elections, and says her family has been supportive of the move. (AP Photo/Eman Helal, File)
FILE - In this Sunday, Nov. 8, 2015 file photo, fog forms beneath the Gorny Convent of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ein Kerem, an ancient village near Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Dusan Vranic, File)
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As 2015 comes to a close, The Associated Press is looking back at the year's events as seen by photojournalists in the Middle East, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
It was a year dominated by war and unrest that spanned continents and drew countries together — both in their response to terror attacks and to the exodus of people fleeing for their lives.
The militant Islamic State group expanded its reach across the region, gaining more ground with new offshoots in Libya and Afghanistan, and sending refugees across the sea to Europe in search of a better life. Thousands died at sea trying to make the journey in what's been the largest migration of people since World War II.
IS released videos showing the brutal killing of a Jordanian pilot, the slayings of 21 captive Egyptian Christians in Libya and the killings of several men accused of homosexuality in Syria.
The group also claimed to have downed a Russian passenger plane over Egypt's Sinai, killing all 224 aboard and delivering a blow to the country's tourist industry that has struggled since the ouster of autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011. In Paris and in California, IS militants and a husband-and-wife couple carried out devastating terror attacks.
France, Egypt and others joined the U.S.-led coalition in carrying out airstrikes targeting IS and the Pentagon is dispatching American commandos to Iraq to combat IS. At the end of September, Russia launched its own air campaign in Syria meant to weaken IS and other militants.
A new wave of Israeli-Palestinian violence also erupted, now in its third month.
Almost daily, ordinary Palestinians — many in their teens and without political affiliations — carry out stabbing attacks in what are essentially suicide missions. The violence is playing out in one of the darkest periods of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, with hopes for a peace deal establishing a Palestinian state at an all-time low after Israelis this year re-elected their hard-line government and continued to build Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
In Lebanon, a trash crisis ignited the country's largest protests in years and became a festering symbol of the government's paralysis and failure to provide basic services. It was sparked after authorities closed Beirut's main landfill on July 17 and failed to provide an alternative.
Yemen, meanwhile, has been ravaged by fighting between its U.S.-supported and internationally recognized government, backed by a Saudi-led coalition, and Shiite rebels known as Houthis, allied with a former president.
The war has killed at least 5,700 people since March, when the fighting escalated and the Saudi-led air campaign began, according to the United Nations.
In Saudi Arabia, a September stampede during the hajj killed at least 2,411 pilgrims, an Associated Press count has shown — three times the number of deaths acknowledged by the kingdom after the incident.