Obama urges Americans remain vigilant against homegrown threats

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President Barack Obama urged Americans to remain vigilant against the potential threat of homegrown Islamic State militants on Friday due to the difficulty of tracking "lone wolf" attackers like those who went on a shooting spree in California.

Obama appeared in the White House press briefing room for a year-end news conference shortly before traveling to San Bernardino, California, where the Dec. 2 shootings took place, to meet privately with families of the victims en route to spending the holidays in Hawaii.

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Obama talked tough about the prospects of defeating Islamic State militants who control broad swathes of territory in Syria and Iraq but admitted U.S. law enforcement agencies have limitations in tracking the threat at home.

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Obama urges Americans remain vigilant against homegrown threats
President Barack Obama gestures while answering questions during a news conference in the White House Brady Press Briefing Room in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference in the White House Brady Press Briefing Room in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. Obama sought to lay the groundwork Friday for his last year in office by vowing not to fade in the background but instead use his remaining months to push longstanding goals to fruition.(AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
President Barack Obama pauses as he speaks during a news conference in the briefing room at the White House, in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference in the White House Brady Press Briefing Room, in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference in the White House Brady Press Briefing Room in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
U.S. President Barack Obama pauses during a news conference in the Brady Press Briefing Room of the White House in Washington, D.C., U.S., on Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. Obama is trying to put Republicans on defense in the U.S. debate over gun rights with a call to ban people on the governments no-fly list from buying firearms. The trouble is his proposal may be unconstitutional. Photographer: Drew Angerer/Bloomberg via Getty Images
President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference in the Brady Press Briefing room at the White House in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)
President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference in the Brady Press briefing room at the White House, in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference in the White House Brady Press Briefing Room in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference in the White House Brady Press Briefing Room, in Washington, Friday, Dec. 18, 2015. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
US President Barack Obama gestures during a press conference in the briefing room of the White House in Washington, DC on December 18, 2015. Obama addressed the press before flying to San Bernardino to meet families of the victims of the December 2 attack, before continuing to Hawaii for a two-week family vacation. AFP PHOTO/ ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP / Andrew Caballero-Reynolds (Photo credit should read ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS/AFP/Getty Images)
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"All of us can do our part by staying vigilant, by saying something if we see something that is suspicious, by refusing to be terrorized and by staying united as one American family," Obama said.

A day after telling Americans that there is no current credible militant threat in the United States, Obama acknowledged that "lone wolf plotters" are difficult to track, particularly if they are a husband and wife like the two radicalized Muslims who killed 14 people in San Bernardino.

As for U.S. efforts to track potential attackers, Obama said social media postings by potential militant suspects are constantly being reviewed by law enforcement agencies but that private communications are far more difficult to track.

He said he believes law enforcement officials have struck the right balance between privacy concerns and making sure information gathering is carried out.

Turning to a festering foreign policy dilemma, Obama trod carefully around the subject of how to get Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to leave power.

Obama for years has demanded Assad resign, but no political transition has ever been agreed upon and Russia's move to defend Assad has complicated diplomatic efforts to find a way for Assad to give up power and resolve the country's civil war.

Obama has drawn fire on his approach to Syria from Republican presidential candidates who say he has left a leadership vacuum that Russian President Vladimir Putin has sought to fill.

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"I think that Assad is going to have to leave in order for the country to stop the bloodletting and for all the parties to be able to move forward in a non-sectarian way. He has lost legitimacy," Obama said.

He said diplomats need to find a way to create a political transition that allows Assad's allies like Russia and Iran to ensure "that their equities are respected" in Syria.

On the U.S. campaign race to succeed him, Obama confidently predicted a Democrat will succeed him when he leaves office in January 2017.

The president's year-end session with reporters was buoyed by what he considered solid global accomplishments on climate change, trade deals, a nuclear deal with Iran, and at home, an improving economy and a just-completed budget deal with Congress.

As for next year, Obama described a "handful of areas" where progress could be made in 2016, even though the legislative process would be "skewed" by election-year politics. He cited a Pacific trade pact and criminal justice reform as examples.

One major topic that wasn't mentioned was the president's plan for an executive order on gun control in the new year. Earlier this week Obama met with former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, a big proponent of gun control, to discuss strategies as he prepares to tighten access to firearms.

Obama said his administration is working systematically to reduce the detainee population at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a detention facility he has set a goal to close.

Obama said he would attempt to get the Republican-led Congress to back a plan to close the facility before he considers whether to use his executive authority to address the issue. Many Republicans strongly oppose closing the site.

"I'm not going to automatically assume that Congress says no" to his proposal to close the facility, he said.

(Reporting by Roberta Rampton; Editing by Eric Walsh and Will Dunham)

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