'We cannot succumb to fear': US, France unite against ISIS

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Fiery Obama Says 'Americans Will Not Be Terrorized'

President Barack Obama on Tuesday said the U.S. stands in "total solidarity" with France in the wake of the deadly terror attacks there and pledged to do more to crush ISIS.

Obama, standing alongside visiting French President Francois Hollande, said the types of attacks that left 130 dead just under two weeks ago in Paris "can not be tolerated."

"This was an attack on our free and open society," Obama said and stressed "Americans will not be terrorized."

"We cannot succumb to fear," Obama said.

SEE ALSO: At least 11 dead in attack on Tunisia military bus

As his nation reels from the deadly Paris attacks, Hollande has been on a mission to boost the coalition that's aiming to defeat ISIS in Syria and Iraq. Those efforts have included meeting with British Prime Minister David Cameron on Monday and planned meetings with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Wednesday and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in Moscow on Thursday.

See photos of those who died in the Paris attacks:

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Stories of those who died in the Paris attacks
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'We cannot succumb to fear': US, France unite against ISIS
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in memory in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 120 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
In this undated photo provided by Christophe N'Guyen, Cedric Gomet poses for a photograph in Paris. Gomet, of Paris, was a technician for French television network TV5Monde, when he died in the Nov. 13, 2015 Paris attacks. (Christophe N'Guyen/TV5Monde via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. Here is a memorial for Thomas Duperron, reading "rest in peace and in music".(AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in memory in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 120 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. Displayed is a memorial for Suzon. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
This photo courtesy of Ombeline Le Gendre shows Pierre Innocenti, left, and Stéphane Albertini. Innocenti and Albertini died in the Nov. 13, 2015 Paris attacks when they both went to the Bataclan to enjoy the rock music they both loved. (photo courtesy of Ombeline Le Gendre via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in memory in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 120 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. Displayed, is a memorial for Mathieu Hoche.(AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
This undated photo provided by Mathilde Mayet shows Lamia Mondeguer. Mondeguer died in the Nov. 13, 2015 Paris attacks while celebrating a friend’s birthday at the La Belle Equipe bar. (Mathilde Mayet via AP)
This undated photo provided by Mathilde Mayet shows Lamia Mondeguer. Mondeguer died in the Nov. 13, 2015 Paris attacks while celebrating a friend’s birthday at the La Belle Equipe bar. (Mathilde Mayet via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in memory in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 120 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. Displayed is a memorial for Cecil and Luis .(AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
In this photo taken on Sept. 9, 2011 photo provided by Nicolas Louis, Eric Thome poses for a photograph in Paris. Thome, 39, was an artist, fan of music and father with a 5-year-old girl and another child on the way when he died during the terrorst attack at Bataclan concert hall in Paris. Thome and a partner were running their own Paris design studio after working in the advertising business for years. (Nicolas Louis via AP)
This undated family handout photo issued by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office on Saturday Nov. 14, 2015 shows Nick Alexander of England. Nick Alexander, one of the victims of the attacks in Paris, was working at the Bataclan concert hall selling merchandise for the performing band. (Foreign & Commonwealth Office via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in memory in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 120 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions.(AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
This photo courtesy of Eric Fourmentin shows Romain Didier. Didier died in the Nov. 13, 2015 Paris attacks while celebrating a friend’s birthday at the La Belle Equipe bar. (Courtesy of Eric Fourmentin via AP)

This undated photo provided by Julien Noel shows Pierre-Antoine Henry. By profession, Henry was an engineer for a company that designed systems for military use. But the father of two was also a dedicated rock fan who had traveled far and wide to see his favorite band, Pearl Jam, said childhood friend Noel. Henry had followed his yen for music to the Eagles of Death Metal show at the Bataclan, where he was killed Friday, Nov. 13, 2015, in Paris. (Julien Noel via AP)

Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
In this 2013 photo provided by Leslie Winer, Anne Cornet Guyomard and Pierre-Yves Guyomard are showered with confetti on their wedding day in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. The couple was killed during the attacks in Paris, Friday, Nov. 13, 2015. (Christophe Van Huffel/Leslie Winer via AP)
In this 2013 photo provided by Leslie Winer, Anne Cornet Guyomard and Pierre-Yves Guyomard pose for a photo while seated in a car on their wedding day in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. The couple was killed during the attacks in Paris, Friday, Nov. 13, 2015. (Christophe Van Huffel/Leslie Winer via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in memory in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 120 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions.(AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
An undated photo provided by Joseph Anticevic shows his wife Armelle Pumir Anticevic riding in one of Joseph's cruise boats, named for her. Armelle Pumir Anticevic, 46-year-old mother of two children, ages 9 and 11, was a victim of the Paris attacks. She died at the rock concert at Bataclan hall, where she and her husband had gone to celebrate. He survived. (Joseph Anticevic via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in memory in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 120 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

This undated photo provided by Eponyme Galerie shows Alban Denuit, who was killed during attacks claimed by the Islamic State group that took place in several locations in Paris on Friday, Nov. 13, 2015. Denuit, a 32-year-old American, was a teacher and an artist whose work had been exhibited in Paris. (Eponyme Galerie via AP)

Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. Here is a memorial for Pierre, reading "you were the joy of life". (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
This December 2012 photo provided by Stephen Fox shows Fanny Minot, one of the victims in the deadly attacks in Paris that occurred Friday, Nov. 13, 2015, in Paris. Minot, 29, was an editor at the show, "Le Supplement." "She was such a loving, compassionate person, with such an adventurous view on life," said her friend Stephen Fox. (Stephen Fox via AP)
This December 2012 photo provided by Stephen Fox shows Fanny Minot, one of the victims in the deadly attacks in Paris that occurred Friday, Nov. 13, 2015, in Paris. Minot, 29, was an editor at the show, "Le Supplement." "She was such a loving, compassionate person, with such an adventurous view on life," said her friend Stephen Fox. (Stephen Fox via AP)
This December 2012 photo provided by Stephen Fox shows Fanny Minot, one of the victims in the deadly attacks in Paris that occurred Friday, Nov. 13, 2015, in Paris. Minot, 29, was an editor at the show, "Le Supplement." "She was such a loving, compassionate person, with such an adventurous view on life," said her friend Stephen Fox. (Stephen Fox via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. Here is a memorial for Stephane, reading "you left with this music you loved so much, bon voyage".(AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

This 2012 photo courtesy of Caroline Jolivet shows Christophe Foultier at Lake Tahoe, Calif. Foultier died in the Nov. 13, 2015 Paris attacks while watching the band Eagles of Death Metal at the Bataclan. (Courtesy of Caroline Jolivet via AP)

Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
This 2009 photo provided by Yaneyla Hernandez shows Sven Silva, right, with friends Andres Borges, center, and Tomas Corridore, in Rio Chico, Miranda state, Venezuela. Silva was killed in the Nov. 13, 2015, Paris terrorists attacks, when he had traveled to Paris to meet up with two old friends and he decided to head to the show at the Bataclan. (Yaneyla Hernandez via AP)
Pictures of victims, flowers and candles are set in front of Le Bataclan concert hall in Paris, France, Tuesday Nov. 17, 2015, four days after over 130 people were killed in a series of shooting and explosions. Here, are memorials for Nico Classeau, Germain Ferey and Estelle.(AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
A picture of a victim of the attack on Bataclan concert hall reads "our teacher" and "r.i.p Romain Dunet" on makeshift memorial outside the Bataclan, the site of one of the six coordinates attacks which claimed the most victims in Paris, Tuesday, Nov. 17, 2015. France is demanding security aid and assistance from the European Union in the wake of the Paris attacks and has triggered a never-before-used article in the EU's treaties to secure it. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
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"We share the same trust in freedom," Hollande said on Tuesday of the relationship between the U.S. and France.

While the two leaders expressed solidarity it was a tete-a-tete further complicated by Turkey's shoot-down of a Russian warplane.

On Tuesday, Obama stressed that Russia could play a role in these efforts only if it is willing to focus on defeating ISIS.

SEE ALSO: Paris Attacks: Obama, Hollande to Meet to Discuss War on ISIS

The U.S. and Russia have been at odds over Moscow's support of Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime.

The White House asserts that Assad's brutal response to anti-government protests plunged the country into civil war — a protracted bloodshed which has destabilized the region. Russia counters that Assad's leadership is key to regional stability and Moscow's airstrikes were aimed at crippling ISIS fighters, not anti-Assad rebels.

"Hollande needs to try to create a reasonably coherent coalition to fight ISIS, and even though the U.S. and Russia are stuck on the Assad issue," said Nina Khrushcheva, dean of the New School's Milano School of International Affairs. "I imagine Hollande hopes to convince the two to partner with France even if they can't partner with each other."

Hollande's meeting with Merkel may also prove beneficial in that the German chancellor could potentially influence Putin's position on Assad, Khrushcheva said.

Cameron announced on Monday that he will ask the British parliament for approval to begin bombing ISIS targets in Syria. Last week, in an operation that was in coordination with U.S. forces, French fighter jets launched a series of airstrikes on ISIS targets in Syria -- efforts that came just two days after the terrorist group claimed responsibility for coordinated attacks in Paris.

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#JeSuisEnTerrasse - Parisians return to sidewalk cafes after attacks
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'We cannot succumb to fear': US, France unite against ISIS
PARIS, FRANCE - NOVEMBER 17: People eat and drink at the 'cafe republique' on November 17, 2015 in Paris, France.Paris remains under heightened security following terrorist attacks , which left at least 129 people dead and hundreds more injured. (Photo by Pierre Suu/Getty Images)
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Still, Hollande may not get the kind of support he's seeking, foreign policy experts said.

"While the outward appearances will be of two allies aligned in the fight against [ISIS], behind the scenes France will actually be the more aggressive and the more committed to bringing the fight to the terrorists," said David Rothkopf, a former Clinton administration official and editor of Foreign Policy Group, a collection of foreign policy publications. "The recent attacks in Paris has only heightened their resolve, but they have been more forward-leaning on these issues throughout the Obama administration."

The two leaders' goals are further complicated by domestic politics.

While France has pledged to accept 30,000 more Syrian refugees over the next year, the Obama administration has faced strident pushback over plans to accept 10,000 Syrian refugees over the next fiscal year.

SEE ALSO: Lawmakers Blast Syrian Refugee Resettlement Program

Hollande's popularity has increased after the attacks and he is being hailed for helping to reinforce the push against ISIS.

The Obama administration has long been under fire from some lawmakers in the U.S. who have criticized the strategy in Syria as failed policies lacking cohesion and the approach toward fighting ISIS as ineffective.

The administration has pushed back against that criticism saying, as White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest told reporters on Monday, "I certainly wouldn't rule out that there might be additional resources that are contributed by the United States. But when you consider the range of elements to our strategy, it's clear that the United States is making significant contributions."

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