Bombshell report 'confirmed the existence of widespread cheating' in track and field that could keep Russia out of the 2016 Olympics

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It's Black Monday for the world of track and field.

An independent report ordered by WADA, the World Anti-Doping Agency, was released Monday that "confirmed the existence of widespread cheating through the use of doping substances and methods to ensure, or enhance the likelihood of, victory for athletes and teams."

In particular, the report accuses Russia of sponsoring, covering up, and perpetuating a culture of cheating among athletes and coaches across all levels of the sport.

The report has recommended that the IAAF, track's international governing body, suspend the ARAF, or All-Russian Athletics Federation.

This could lead to Russia being excluded from the 2016 Olympic games.

The 325-page report comes down to five main findings:

  1. A deeply rooted culture of cheating — "The investigation indicates that the acceptance of cheating at all levels is widespread and of long standing. Many of the more egregious offenders appear to be coaches who, themselves, were once athletes and who work in connection with medical personnel."
  2. Exploitation of athletes — "As a result of this mindset, an open and accepted series of unethical behaviours and practices has become the norm. In addition, the pursuit of medals and exploitation of athletes for financial gain is well pronounced across Russian athletics. Russian athletes were often willing participants. However, there are documented cases where athletes who did not want to participate in 'the program' were informed they would not be considered as part of the federation's national team for competition."
  3. Confirmed athletes cheating — "This report outlines consistent and systematic use of performance enhancing drugs by many Russian athletes. This report also identified a high percentage of athletes who were unwilling to participate in the [independent commission] investigation."
  4. Confirmed involvement by doctors, coaches, and laboratory personnel — "This report confirms allegations that some Russian doctors and/or laboratory personnel acted as enablers for systematic cheating along with athletics coaches. This report also identifies the intentional and malicious destruction of more than 1,400 samples by Moscow laboratory officials after receiving written notification from WADA to preserve target samples."
  5. Corruption and bribery within IAAF — "This report also identifies corruption and bribery practices at the highest levels of international athletics, evidence of which has been transmitted to Interpol for appropriate investigation."

The report adds that its complete findings won't be revealed until the relevant authorities decide whether or not they will lay criminal charges against certain individuals. The report's full findings are set to be released by year-end.

Also take a look back at the Sochi Olympics:

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A look back on the Sochi Olympics
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Bombshell report 'confirmed the existence of widespread cheating' in track and field that could keep Russia out of the 2016 Olympics
A member of Russian honor guard listens to the Olympic Anthem during a welcome ceremony for the German Olympic team at the Mountain Olympic Village prior to the 2014 Winter Olympics, Wednesday, Feb. 5, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Members of the Italian team cheer as they enter the stadium during the opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Friday, Feb. 7, 2014. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Russian tennis player Maria Sharapova carries the Olympic torch during the opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Friday, Feb. 7, 2014. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 07: Snowflakes transform into four Olympic rings with one failing to form during the Opening Ceremony of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Fisht Olympic Stadium on February 7, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)
Fireworks are seen over the Olympic Park during the opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Friday, Feb. 7, 2014. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)
Members of the Slovenian Cross-country ski team ski in front of Olympic rings at Laura Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center of the 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 2, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Gero Breloer)
Speedskaters from Russia train at the Adler Arena Skating Center during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Wednesday, Feb. 5, 2014. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
Stefania Berton and Ondrej Hotarek of Italy compete in the team pairs short program figure skating competition at the Iceberg Skating Palace during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 6, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)
Czech Republic's Sarka Pancochova takes a jump during the women's snowboard slopestyle qualifying at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park ahead of the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 6, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Sergei Grits)
Kate Hansen of the United States prepares to start a run during the women's singles luge training at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 9, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
Sweden's Niklas Mattsson finishes his first run during men's snowboard slopestyle qualifying at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park ahead of the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 6, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)
Goalkeeper Jennifer Harss of Germany reaches for the puck as Johanna Olofsson's of Sweden shot get by her for a goal during the third period of women's ice game at Shayba Arean during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Tuesday, Feb. 11, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Mark Blinch, Pool)
Charles Hamelin of Canada celebrates winning the men's 1500m short track speedskating final at the Iceberg Skating Palace during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Monday, Feb. 10, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 11: Shaun White of the United States crashes out in the Snowboard Men's Halfpipe Finals on day four of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Rosa Khutor Extreme Park on February 11, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)
Silver medallist Jan Smeekens of the Netherlands pulls his hair after completing his second heat for the men's 500-meter speedskating race at the Adler Arena Skating Center at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Monday, Feb. 10, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Devin Logan of the United States takes a jump during the women's freestyle skiing slopestyle qualifying at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park, at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Tuesday, Feb. 11, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 08: Qingshuang Yue of China during curling training on day 1 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at the Ice Cube on February 8, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Streeter Lecka/Getty Images)
Gold medallist Michel Mulder from the Netherlands clenches his fist after his second heat race in the men's 500-meter speedskating race at the Adler Arena Skating Center during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Monday, Feb. 10, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Erin Hamlin of the United States hugs her parents Ron and Eileen Hamlin after the flower ceremony during the women's singles luge competition at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Tuesday, Feb. 11, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. Hamlin won the bronze medal. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara)
Shani Davis of the U.S. takes a breather after competing in the men's 1,000-meter speedskating race at the Adler Arena Skating Center during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2014. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
Sweden defenseman Erik Karlsson (65) loses his footing as he passes the puck from Czech Republic forward Martin Erat in the first period of a men's ice hockey game at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 08: Ashley Wagner of the United States reacts to her score after competing in the Figure Skating Team Ladies Short Program during day one of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Iceberg Skating Palace on February 8, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Darren Cummings/Pool/Getty Images)
France's Marie Marchand-Arvier crashes into safety netting during the women's downhill at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Charles Krupa)
Switzerland's Dominique Gisin reacts after finishing the women's downhill the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. She tied for first place with Slovenia's Tina Maze to win the gold medal.(AP Photo/Gero Breloer)
A referee signals a goal as Slovenia goaltender Robert Kristan lays on the ice after Russia defenseman Anton Belov scored in the third period of a men's ice hockey game at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 13, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. Russia won 5-2.(AP Photo/Mark Humphrey )
Katharine Eustace of New Zealand is met by her coach after her final run during the women's skeleton competition at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Friday, Feb. 14, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara)
Norway’s skip Thomas Ulsrud, center, shouts to his sweepers Haavard Vad Petersson, left, and Christoffer Svae after delivering the rock during the men's curling competition against Sweden at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 13, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty)
Women's downhill medalists, from left, Slovenia's Tina Maze and Switzerland's Dominique Gisin, who tied for the gold, and Switzerland's Lara Gut, who finished third for the bronze, pose with their medals at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2014. (AP Photo/Morry Gash)
Latvia defenseman Sandis Ozolins collides with Czech Republic forward Milan Michalek in the third period of a men's ice hockey game at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Friday, Feb. 14, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)
Li Jianrou of China celebrates winning the women's 500m short track speedskating final at the Iceberg Skating Palace during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 13, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)
USA forward T.J. Oshie prepares to take a shot against Russia goaltender Sergei Bobrovski in an overtime shootout during a men's ice hockey game at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Saturday, Feb. 15, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. Oshie scored the winning goal and the USA won 3-2. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)
Kamil Aizetulin gets his face painted in the colors of the Russian flag during a women's ski cross seeding run at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park, the 2014 Winter Olympics, Friday, Feb. 21, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
China's Wu Chao jumps during men's freestyle skiing aerials training at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park, at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Saturday, Feb. 15, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 08: Team Canada talk before thre game prior to the Women's Ice Hockey Preliminary Round Group A Game against Switzerland on day 1 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Shayba Arena on February 8, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Martin Rose/Getty Images)
Mao Asada of Japan competes in the women's free skate figure skating finals at the Iceberg Skating Palace during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 20, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Darron Cummings)
Members of Team Sweden and Team Finland mix it up during the 2014 Winter Olympics women's quarterfinal ice hockey game at Shayba Arena, Saturday, Feb. 15, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)
Men's super-G joint bronze medal winner Bode Miller of the United States is consoled by his wife, Morgan, at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)
Russia forward Pavel Datsyuk reacts after scoring a goal against the USA in the second period of a men's ice hockey game at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Saturday, Feb. 15, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)
Sweden's Lars Nelson skis past a hole in the snow during the men's 4x10K cross-country relay at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)
Unidentified athletes ski through the fog as the men's biathlon 15K mass start race has been postponed due to the lack of visibility at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)
Russia defenseman Yevgeni Medvedev and USA forward Ryan Callahan shove each other in the first period of a men's ice hockey game at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Saturday, Feb. 15, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 15: Kamil Stoch of Poland jumps during the Men`s Large Hill Individual 1st Round on day 8 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at RusSki Gorki Jumping Center on February 15, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Alexander Hassenstein/Getty Images)
Germany's Andreas Wank, left, hugs huis teammates after winning the gold during the ski jumping large hill team competition at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Monday, Feb. 17, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)
Martina Sablikova of the Czech Republic skates her way to gold in the women's 5,000-meter speedskating race at the Adler Arena Skating Center during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, Wednesday, Feb. 19, 2014. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
New Zealand's Beau-James Wells gets air during the men's ski halfpipe final at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park, at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Tuesday, Feb. 18, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Sergei Grits)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 12: Eric Frenzel of Germany celebrates as he wins the gold medal during the Nordic Combined Individual Gundersen Normal Hill and 10km Cross Country on day 5 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at the RusSki Gorki Nordic Combined Skiing Stadium on February 12, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Lars Baron/Getty Images)
USA goaltender Jonathan Quick catches a shot on the goal during the first period of men's quarterfinal hockey game against the Czech Republic in Shayba Arena at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Wednesday, Feb. 19, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 14: Hansin Lee of South Korea starts a run during the Men's Skeleton heats on Day 7 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Sliding Center Sanki on February 14, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Al Bello/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 21: Krystyna Palka of Poland competes during the Women's 4 x 6 km Relay during day 14 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Laura Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center on February 21, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Adam Pretty/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 07: Jo Alexander Koppang of Norway in the Luge during a training session ahead of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at the Sanki Sliding Center on February 7, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Julian Finney/Getty Images)
Norway's Tora Berger shoots during the mixed biathlon relay at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Wednesday, Feb. 19, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
Polina Edmunds of the United States competes in the women's short program figure skating competition at the Iceberg Skating Palace during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Wednesday, Feb. 19, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)
Belarus' Nadezhda Skardino skis during a women's biathlon training session at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Thursday, Feb. 20, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)
Sweden goaltender Henrik Lundqvist blocks a shot by Finland during the third period of a men's semifinal ice hockey game at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Friday, Feb. 21, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 13: Elise Christie of Great Britain (C) falls and collides with Seung-Hi Park of South Korea (L) and Arianna Fontana of Italy (R) as she competes in the Short Track Speed Skating Ladies' 500 m Final on day 6 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at at Iceberg Skating Palace on February 13, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Quinn Rooney/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 15: Anna Fenninger of Austria in action during the Alpine Skiing Women's Super-G on day 8 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Rosa Khutor Alpine Center on February 15, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Ezra Shaw/Getty Images)
Carolina Kostner of Italy casts a shadow as she begins her routine in the figure skating exhibition gala at the Iceberg Skating Palace during the 2014 Winter Olympics, Saturday, Feb. 22, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)
Russia's gold medal winner Alexander Legkov, Russia's bronze medal winner Ilia Chernousov and Russia's silver medal winner Maxim Vylegzhanin, from right, rest in the finish area after the men's 50K cross-country race at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 23, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 09: Sarah Hendrickson of the United States jumps during the Ladies' Normal Hill Individual Ski Jumping training on day 2 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at RusSki Gorki Jumping Center on February 9, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Ryan Pierse/Getty Images)
Canada's Justine Dufour-Lapointe, right, is congratulated by her sister, Chloe, after taking first place in the women's moguls final at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Saturday, Feb. 8, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. Justine won the gold medal and Chloe took the silver. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 14: Lydia Lassila of Australia practices before the Freestyle Skiing Ladies' Aerials Qualification on day seven of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Rosa Khutor Extreme Park on February 14, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 21: (L-R) Fanny Smith of Switzerland, Anna Holmlund of Sweden, Katrin Ofner of Austria and Kelsey Serwa of Canada compete in the Freestyle Skiing Womens' Ski Cross Semi Finals on day 14 of the 2014 Winter Olympics at Rosa Khutor Extreme Park on February 21, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 12: Gold medalist Eric Frenzel of Germany jumps in celebration alongside silver medalist Akito Watabe of Japan (L) and bronze medalist Magnus Krog of Norway (R) during the flower ceremony for the Men?s Nordic Combined Individual Gundersen Normal Hill and 10km Cross Country on day 5 of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at the RusSki Gorki Nordic Combined Skiing Stadium on February 12, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Al Bello/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 14: Lydia Lassila of Australia competes in the Freestyle Skiing Ladies' Aerials Qualification on day seven of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Rosa Khutor Extreme Park on February 14, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Mike Ehrmann/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 22: Sami Vatanen #45 and Tuomo Ruutu #15 of Finland celebrate with teammates after defeating the United States 5-0 during the Men's Ice Hockey Bronze Medal Game on Day 15 of the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics at Bolshoy Ice Dome on February 22, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Martin Rose/Getty Images)
Bronze medalist Amelie Kober, from left, of Germany silver medalist Anke Karstens, also of Germany,and gold medalist Julia Dujmovits, of Austria, take pictures after their flower ceremony for the women's snowboard parallel slalom at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park, at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Saturday, Feb. 22, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
(From L) Canada's gold medallists Duncan Keith, goalkeeper Carey Price and Jonathan Toews celebrate during the Men's Ice Hockey Medal Ceremony at the Bolshoy Ice Dome during the Sochi Winter Olympics on February 23, 2014. AFP PHOTO / JONATHAN NACKSTRAND (Photo credit should read JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/AFP/Getty Images)
The team from France FRA-1, with Loic Costerg, Romain Heinrich, Florent Ribet and Elly Lefort, react after their final run during the men's four-man bobsled competition final at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 23, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara)
Women's slalom gold medal winner Mikaela Shiffrin of the United States steps off of the podium after a flower ceremony at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics, Friday, Feb. 21, 2014, in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. (AP Photo/Gero Breloer)
Fireworks explode over Olympic Park at the end of the closing ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics, Sunday, Feb. 23, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
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And so said another way, this report comes up short of "naming names," though this information looks set to be released in the next several weeks.

Last week, former IAAF president Lamine Diack was placed under formal investigation by French authorities after France's financial prosecutor alleged Diack, "received bribes in 2011 to cover up positive doping tests of Russian athletes," according to The Guardian. Sebastian Coe, current president of the IAAF and one of Britain's most decorated track & field athletes, called these allegations "abhorrent."

In August, WADA announced it would launch this investigation (the initial findings of which have been released today), after a report from German broadcaster ARD/WDR said that about a third of all medals in long-distance track events between the 2001 world championships and the 2012 Olympics were won by athletes with suspicious drug tests.

These suspicious medalists included 55 gold-medal winners.

Later that same month, Turkish runner Asli Cakir-Alptekin was stripped of her gold medal in the 1500m from the 2012 Olympics after being caught cheating. Cakir-Alptekin is banned from the sport until January 2021.

But Monday's report, unfortunately, is merely the latest black mark during what has been several long months for the sport.

In the US, distance running had a tumultuous summer after a report from ProPublica accused Alberto Salazar -- the head of Nike's Oregon Project professional distance running group and the pre-eminent distance coach in the US -- of improperly experimenting with treatments for some of his athletes, including Galen Rupp, the most successful US distance runner in a generation and a silver medalist in the 10,000 meters at the London Olympics.

Salazar later issued an extremely lengthy and detailed response refuting the allegations made by ProPublica.

And so of course few track fans will be totally surprised by allegations of cheating in track & field, which has a long and ignominious history of drugs tainting international championships and the sport's world record book.

But Monday's report, which could lead to the exclusion of one of the sport's most successful countries from the next Olympics, could take this long and depressing history to another level.

Related: See how Rio is preparing for the upcoming Olympics:

23 PHOTOS
NTP: Rio Prepares for the 2016 Olympics
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Bombshell report 'confirmed the existence of widespread cheating' in track and field that could keep Russia out of the 2016 Olympics
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 27: Passengers ride on the first day of pre-operations on the partially re-opened Santa Teresa tram line, or 'bonde', on July 27, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The historic tram has been closed since a derailing accident in 2011 which left six dead and fifty injured. The first stretch to re-open covers about one kilometer of the scenic ten kilometer route. It has been operating since the late 19th century and is one of the oldest electric streetcar lines in Latin America. Rio is working on various transportation upgrade projects ahead of the games. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 27: Passengers ride on the first day of pre-operations on the partially re-opened Santa Teresa tram line, or 'bonde', on July 27, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The historic tram has been closed since a derailing accident in 2011 which left six dead and fifty injured. The first stretch to re-open covers about one kilometer of the scenic ten kilometer route. It has been operating since the late 19th century and is one of the oldest electric streetcar lines in Latin America. Rio is working on various transportation upgrade projects ahead of the games. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 27: The conductor (R) makes an adjustment on the first day of pre-operations on the partially re-opened Santa Teresa tram line, or 'bonde', on July 27, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The historic tram has been closed since a derailing accident in 2011 which left six dead and fifty injured. The first stretch to re-open covers about one kilometer of the scenic ten kilometer route. It has been operating since the late 19th century and is one of the oldest electric streetcar lines in Latin America. Rio is working on various transportation upgrade projects ahead of the games. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 27: The tram passes across the Lapa Arches on the first day of pre-operations on the partially re-opened Santa Teresa tram line, or 'bonde', on July 27, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The historic tram has been closed since a derailing accident in 2011 which left six dead and fifty injured. The first stretch to re-open covers about one kilometer of the scenic ten kilometer route. It has been operating since the late 19th century and is one of the oldest electric streetcar lines in Latin America. Rio is working on various transportation upgrade projects ahead of the games. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 27: A worker (C) uses a rope to adjust an overhead electrical connection on the first day of pre-operations on the partially re-opened Santa Teresa tram line, or 'bonde', on July 27, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The historic tram has been closed since a derailing accident in 2011 which left six dead and fifty injured. The first stretch to re-open covers about one kilometer of the scenic ten kilometer route. It has been operating since the late 19th century and is one of the oldest electric streetcar lines in Latin America. Rio is working on various transportation upgrade projects ahead of the games. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: Alessandra washes kitchen items with a small hose amidst the rubble of destroyed homes in the Metro-Mangueira community, or 'favela', located approximately 750 meters from Maracana stadium, on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. The homes were thought to have been knocked down for a parking lot for the stadium, though that has not been built. At its peak the 'favela' housed around 700 families. Evictions and demolitions continue in the area and have occurred in numerous other Rio communities with tangential links to the global sporting events. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: Mounted police officer patrol the perimeter of the famed Maracana stadium on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: People gather near the rubble of destroyed homes in the Metro-Mangueira community, or 'favela', located approximately 750 meters from Maracana stadium, on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. The homes were thought to have been knocked down for a parking lot for the stadium, though that has not been built. At its peak the 'favela' housed around 700 families. Evictions and demolitions continue in the area and have occurred in numerous other Rio communities with tangential links to the global sporting events. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 28: Waitress Vanessa poses between waiting tables on Copacabana beach on July 28, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The famed beach will host various Olympic events including beach volleyball, cycling, open water marathon and triathlon. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: Elizabeta Queiroz curls her hair in front of her makeshift home amidst the rubble of destroyed homes in the Metro-Mangueira community, or 'favela', located approximately 750 meters from Maracana stadium, on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. The homes were thought to have been knocked down for a parking lot for the stadium, though that has not been built. At its peak the 'favela' housed around 700 families. Evictions and demolitions continue in the area and have occurred in numerous other Rio communities with tangential links to the global sporting events. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: A statue stands in front of Maracana stadium on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 28: Brazilians play soccer on Copacabana beach on July 28, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The famed beach will host various Olympic events including beach volleyball, cycling, open water marathon and triathlon. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: Seats line Maracana stadium on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: Kids play amidst the rubble of destroyed homes in the Metro-Mangueira community, or 'favela', located approximately 750 meters from Maracana stadium, on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. The homes were thought to have been knocked down for a parking lot for the stadium, though that has not been built. At its peak the 'favela' housed around 700 families. Evictions and demolitions continue in the area and have occurred in numerous other Rio communities with tangential links to the global sporting events. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: Alessandra washes kitchen items with a small hose amidst the rubble of destroyed homes in the Metro-Mangueira community, or 'favela', located approximately 750 meters from Maracana stadium, on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. The homes were thought to have been knocked down for a parking lot for the stadium, though that has not been built. At its peak the 'favela' housed around 700 families. Evictions and demolitions continue in the area and have occurred in numerous other Rio communities with tangential links to the global sporting events. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: People play soccer during a tour of the famed Maracana stadium on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: Mounted police officers patrol the perimeter of the famed Maracana stadium on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 24: People stand while on a tour of the famed Maracana stadium on July 24, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Maracana will be the site of the opening ceremonies of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and was the site of the 2014 World Cup final. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 28: A wave breaks near bodyboarders on Copacabana beach on July 28, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The famed beach will host various Olympic events including beach volleyball, cycling, open water marathon and triathlon. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 28: A vendor transports beach chairs on Copacabana beach on July 28, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The famed beach will host various Olympic events including beach volleyball, cycling, open water marathon and triathlon. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 28: Dogs stand on the sidewalk on Copacabana beach on July 28, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The famed beach will host various Olympic events including beach volleyball, cycling, open water marathon and triathlon. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - JULY 27: Passengers (R) ride on the first day of pre-operations on the partially re-opened Santa Teresa tram line, or 'bonde', on July 27, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The historic tram has been closed since a derailing accident in 2011 which left six dead and fifty injured. The first stretch to re-open covers about one kilometer of the scenic ten kilometer route. It has been operating since the late 19th century and is one of the oldest electric streetcar lines in Latin America. Rio is working on various transportation upgrade projects ahead of the games. August 5 marks the one-year mark to the start of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
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