Today in history: Picasso is born

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'This Day in History': 10/25/1881 - Pablo Picasso Born

While some may dismiss the importance of art in favor of more conventional or practical mediums, the role art has had in shaping the perspectives, imaginations and understandings of people all over the world is perhaps just as profound as that of any historic text or scientific innovation.

Pablo Picasso, who was born on this day, October 25 in 1881, lent one of the largest hands in changing the way people view the world through art. His artistic accomplishments and unique perspectives impacted not only history, but also the world we live in today. Through his craft, he taught us to see past the images directly in front of us and to explore as many angles as possible.

When Picasso was 14 years old studying at the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, he itched to paint images outside of reality. As he attempted to reproduce classic paintings and sculptures, he longed to set his imagination - and paintbrush - free and let them work to transform the canvas.

This ambition and independence led him to explore unique ways of painting that had never before been considered in the realm of art. His strange and enticing style of painting portrayed powerful messages about love, peace and the conventions or restrictions of society.

Eventually, Picasso went on to develop Cubism, one of the most important techniques of modern art. Picasso worked with Georges Braque to create a form of art that would inspire people to view the world in a different light. After all, what's art if not a medium to inspire unique perspectives and universal empathy?

Picasso's road to Cubism began with "Les Demoiselles D'Avignon," one of his largest paintings that featured five women, each of whose head appeared to rest backwards upon her body. These ugly, distorted women on the canvas sparked outrage and controversy among the masses, who argued that realistic portrayals are more professional and tasteful than Picasso's apparent mockery of art itself. However, by breaking the rules of convention with his Cubism, Picasso proved that art can display so much more than basic depictions. By using his newly coveted technique, Picasso provided the viewer with an opportunity to explore beyond what meets the eye.

As Picasso continued with his modern art, his subjects, in addition to his style, differed from those of other artists at the time. Rather than limiting his art to mirror or express his personal experiences and emotions, he dared to incorporate the happenings of the world outside of his own particular time and place. He used his art to reflect on war, peace and politics in a way that enabled people to open their eyes and gain new insight to such prevalent topics.

Thanks to Picasso, we have iconic museums like the Museum of Modern Art and the Metropolitan which showcase the art movement that Picasso helped to spearhead. Thanks to his creativity and ability to see beyond the capabilities of the naked eye, Picasso made art more than a visual entity. He created a new, expressive form of art that's come extraordinarily far and influenced many throughout the years.

PHOTOS: See Picasso's life and most iconic paintings

Pablo Picasso iconic paintings and images
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Today in history: Picasso is born
UNSPECIFIED - MAY 27: Painter Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) photographed in 1895 (14 years old) in Barcelona (Photo by Apic/Getty Images)
Portrait of Spanish painter Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) standing in his studio, 1920s. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
PARIS, FRANCE: Picture dated probably in 1930 in Paris of Pablo Ruiz Picasso (1881-1973), a Spanish painter and sculptor, born in Malaga (Spain) and established in Paris in 1904. His major creation is 'Guernica' (1937, Madrid) expressing in synthetic Cubism his horror of the bombing of this Basque town during the Spain Civil war. After WWII Picasso joined in Paris the communists. N/B B/W (Photo credit should read AFP/AFP/Getty Images)
circa 1935: Portrait of Spanish painter Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973), smoking a cigarette with a filter, standing in front of his 1917 painting of his first wife Olga, (Russian ballet dancer Olga Kokhlova). Picasso is wearing a double-breasted gray flannel suit. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Pablo Picasso, Spanish born painter, sculptor and founder of Cubism, poses in an unknown location in 1935. (AP Photo)
(GERMANY OUT) Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Spanish painter, engraver and sculptor, next to one of his sculptures. No date. (Photo by Bunk/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) in Antibes, France, in the summer of 1946. (Photo by Michel Sima/RDA/Getty Images)
Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) in his workshop at the Chateau Grimaldi in Antibes (France), in the summer of 1946. (Photo by Michel Sima/RDA/Getty Images)
1948: Portrait of Spanish-born artist Pablo Picasso sitting in his studio beside a painted flower sculpture on a work table, Vallauris, France. (Photo by Michel Sima/RDA/Getty Images)
Headshot of Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973), 1950s. (Photo by Tony Vaccaro/Getty Images)
U.S. Chief Delegate Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois, left, is shown with artist Pablo Picasso in the Salle Playel Auditorium in Paris, April 20, 1949 at the opening of the World Congress of Partisans of Peace. Author, educator, college professor, and public lecturer for over 75 years, Du Bois advocated the elimination of discrimination and inequality against black Americans. (AP Photo/Jean-Jacques Levy)
Spanish painter Pablo Picasso holds the scroll making him an honorary citizen of Vallauris, in south-eastern France, on his way home from the ceremony at town hall, on January 29, 1950. With him are his wife, painter Francoise Gilot, and their children Claude, standing, and Paloma. (AP Photo)
Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) lighting a cigarette. (Photo by George Stroud/Getty Images)
Pablo Picasso and his wife, Jacqueline, left, watch a bullfight staged in honor of his 80th birthday in the village of Vallauris on the French Riviera, France, Oct. 29, 1961. At right Italian actress Lucia Bose. (AP Photo)
(GERMANY OUT) *25.10.1881-08.04.1973+Bildender Künstler, Maler, Spanien- 1971 (Photo by Hierl/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
Pablo Picasso and his wife Jacqueline (L) with friends duing a party at their home in Mougins, south of France. (Photo credit should read RALPH GATTI/AFP/Getty Images)
A photo taken on 1973 shows Spanish painter Pablo Picasso and his wife Jacqueline walking in a street in Vallauris. AFP PHOTO RALPH GATTI (Photo credit should read RALPH GATTI/AFP/Getty Images)
Mougins, FRANCE: To go with AFP story 'Espagne-histoire-Guernica-anniversaire' This file pictured dated 13 October 1971 shows Spanish painter Pablo Picasso in Mougins, France. The town of Guernica will commemorate next 26 April 2007 the 70th anniversary of the 1937 bombing by planes of the German Luftwaffe 'Condor Legion' and subordinate Italian Fascists from the Corpo Truppe Volontarie expeditionary force during the Spanish Civil War which resulted in widespread destruction and civilian death.AFP PHOTO/RALPH GATTI (Photo credit should read RALPH GATTI/AFP/Getty Images)
People view Pablo Picasso's Three Musicians, 1921, oil on canvas, left, and Still Life: The Table, 1921, pastel on cardboard during the Picasso and the Avant-Garde in Paris exhibit at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia, Wednesday, Feb. 24, 2010. The exhibit is scheduled to run through April 25, 2010. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
Pablo Picasso's painting "Girl Before a Mirror" hangs as part of a new exhibit Thursday, Oct. 6, 2011 in Atlanta. ÂPicasso to Warhol: Fourteen Modern Masters at the High Museum of Art brings together more than 100 works by 14 influential 20th Century artists pulled from the collections of the Museum of Modern Art in New York and shown together for the first time in the Southeast. (AP Photo/David Goldman)
Visitors to the press preview of "Cezanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Parton of the Avant-Garde" Pablo Picasso's "the Old Guitarist" Tuesday, Sept. 12, 2006 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The exhibit takes a look at the careers of some of the greatest artists through someone they had in common, art dealer Ambroise Vollard. A business man with a sharp eye for talent, his influence at the turn of the 20th century was massive. The show is open through Jan. 7, 2007. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)
PARIS, FRANCE - OCTOBER 18: A visitor looks at a Picasso painting ' Seated woman with arms crossed' during the press day at the Picasso museum, on October 18, 2014 in Paris, France. The museum will reopen on the 25th and will be inaugurated the same day by French president Francois Hollande. (Photo by Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - MAY 03: Gallery goers view Pablo Picasso's painting 'Dora Maar au Chat' at Sotheby's auction house in New York, Wednesday, May 3, 2006. The canvas, one of the largest and most important portraits of Picasso's mistress and Muse, was painted in 1941. With an estimate above $50 million, the painting portrays a Picasso mistress who was a frequent muse. (Photo by Timothy Fadek/Bloomberg via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, UNITED STATES: Christopher Burge, chairman of Christie's (L), starts the bidding for Pablo Picasso's painting, 'Le Reve', 10 November in New York at an auction of the collection of Victor and Sally Ganz. The painting, one of 58 pieces of 20th century art offered for sale, was bought for 48 million USD by an unidentified bidder. AFP PHOTO Stan HONDA (Photo credit should read STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images)
TO GO WITH AFP STORY US-LIFESTYLE ART by PAOLA MESSANA A man stands between Pablo Picasso's 'Nude, Green Leaves and Bust' (R), 1932, estimated at USD 70 million to 90 million and Henri Matisse's 'Nu au coussin bleu' (L), 1924, estimated at USD 20 million to 30 million, on display April 29, 2010 at Christie's in New York. Both are part of the collection of Mrs. Sidney F. Brody, to be sold at the Impressionist & Modern Art evening sale at Christie's May 4. AFP PHOTO/Stan Honda (Photo credit should read STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images)
New York, UNITED STATES: TO GO WITH STORY BY Catherine HOURS, US-ART-PAINTING-PICASSO-BIRTHDAY Pablo Picasso's 'Les Demoiselles d'Avignon' (1907) on display, 09 May 2007, at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, as part of 'Picasso's Demoiselle d'Avignon at 100', marking the 100th anniversary of the creation of the epoch-making painting. It is being displayed with nine preparatory studies from public and private collections and will be on view from 09 May to 27 August. AFP PHOTO/Stan HONDA =MORE PHOTOS IN IMAGE FORUM= (Photo credit should read STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images)

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