Hundreds of thousands protest in Berlin against EU-U.S. trade deal

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Hundreds of thousands of people marched in Berlin on Saturday in protest against a planned free trade deal between Europe and the United States that they say is anti-democratic and will lower food safety, labor and environmental standards.

Organizers - an alliance of environmental groups, charities and opposition parties - said 250,000 people were taking part in the rally against free trade deals with both the United States and Canada, far more than they had anticipated.

"This is the biggest protest that this country has seen for many, many years," Christoph Bautz, director of citizens' movement Campact told protesters in a speech.

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Hundreds of thousands protest in Berlin against EU-U.S. trade deal
BERLIN, GERMANY - OCTOBER 10: More than 100.000 protesters gather to demonstrate against the TTIP and CETA trade accords on October 10, 2015 in Berlin, Germany. Tens of thousands took to the streets in Berlin to protest against TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement), both of them trade agreements currently under negotiation between the USA for TTIP and Canada for CETA with the European Union. Critics in Germany oppose the accords for a number of reasons, including fears over genetically-modified foods, environmental standards, workers' rights and pharmaceuticals. Photo by Axel Schmidt/Getty Images
BERLIN, GERMANY - OCTOBER 10: More than 100.000 protesters gather to demonstrate against the TTIP and CETA trade accords on October 10, 2015 in Berlin, Germany. Tens of thousands took to the streets in Berlin to protest against TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement), both of them trade agreements currently under negotiation between the USA for TTIP and Canada for CETA with the European Union. Critics in Germany oppose the accords for a number of reasons, including fears over genetically-modified foods, environmental standards, workers' rights and pharmaceuticals. Photo by Axel Schmidt/Getty Images
BERLIN, GERMANY - OCTOBER 10: More than 100.000 protesters gather to demonstrate against the TTIP and CETA trade accords on October 10, 2015 in Berlin, Germany. Tens of thousands took to the streets in Berlin to protest against TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement), both of them trade agreements currently under negotiation between the USA for TTIP and Canada for CETA with the European Union. Critics in Germany oppose the accords for a number of reasons, including fears over genetically-modified foods, environmental standards, workers' rights and pharmaceuticals. Photo by Axel Schmidt/Getty Images
BERLIN, GERMANY - OCTOBER 10: More than 100.000 protesters gather to demonstrate against the TTIP and CETA trade accords on October 10, 2015 in Berlin, Germany. Tens of thousands took to the streets in Berlin to protest against TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement), both of them trade agreements currently under negotiation between the USA for TTIP and Canada for CETA with the European Union. Critics in Germany oppose the accords for a number of reasons, including fears over genetically-modified foods, environmental standards, workers' rights and pharmaceuticals. Photo by Axel Schmidt/Getty Images
Demonstrators hold the letters 'STOP' as they attend a demonstration against the free trade agreements TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement) in front of the Reichstag building in Berlin, Germany, Saturday, Oct. 10, 2015. (Gregor Fischer/dpa via AP)
Ten of thousands of protestors attend a demonstration against the free trade agreements TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement) in Berlin, Germany, Saturday, Oct. 10, 2015. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)i
Ten of thousands of protestors attend a demonstration against the free trade agreements TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement) in Berlin, Germany, Saturday, Oct. 10, 2015. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)i
A demonstrator wears a mask with a picture of German Chancellor Angela merkel as he attends a demonstration against the free trade agreements TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) and CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement) in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, Saturday, Oct. 10, 2015. (Gregor Fischer/dpa via AP)
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A police spokesman estimated 100,000 people were taking part in the demonstration which has been trouble free so far. There were 1,000 police officers on duty at the march.

Opposition to the so-called Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) has risen over the past year in Germany, with critics fearing the pact will hand too much power to big multinationals at the expense of consumers and workers.

"What bothers me the most is that I don't want all our consumer laws to be softened," Oliver Zloty told Reuters TV. "And I don't want to have a dictatorship by any companies."

Dieter Bartsch, deputy leader of the parliamentary group for the Left party, who was taking part in the rally said he was concerned about the lack of transparency surrounding the talks.

"We definitely need to know what is supposed to be being decided," he said.

Marchers banged drums, blew whistles and held up posters reading "Yes we can - Stop TTIP."

The level of resistance has taken Chancellor Angela Merkel's government by surprise and underscores the challenge it faces to turn the tide in favor of the deal which proponents say will create a market of 800 million and serve as a counterweight to China's economic clout.

In a full-page letter published in several German newspapers on Saturday, EconomyMinister Sigmar Gabriel warned against "scaremongering".

"We have the chance to set new and goods standards for growing global trade. With ambitious, standards for the environment and consumers and with fair conditions for investment and workers. This must be our aim," Gabriel wrote.

Businesses hope the trade deal will deliver over $100 billion of economic gains on both sides of the Atlantic.

"A fair and comprehensive free trade deal promotes growth and prosperity in Europe. We should actively participate in the rules for world trade of tomorrow," Ulrich Grillo, head of the BDI Federation of German industries, said in a statement.

(Reporting by Caroline Copley and Reuters TV, editing by David Evans)

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