Iran nuclear deal survives: Democrats block disapproval vote

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House Spars Over Iran Nuclear Agreement

WASHINGTON (AP) -- Senate Democrats voted to uphold the hard-fought nuclear accord with Iran on Thursday, overcoming ferocious GOP opposition and delivering President Barack Obama a legacy-making victory on his top foreign policy priority.

A disapproval resolution for the agreement fell two votes short of the 60 needed to move forward as Democratic and independent senators banded together against it. Although House Republicans continued to pursue eleventh-hour strategies to derail the international accord, the outcome in the Senate guaranteed that the disapproval legislation would not reach Obama's desk.

SEE MORE: Clinton threatens military action if Iran breaks deal

As a result the nuclear deal will move forward unchecked by Congress, an improbable win by Obama in the face of unanimous opposition from Republicans who control Capitol Hill, GOP candidates seeking to replace him in the Oval Office and the state of Israel and its allied lobbyists in the U.S.

Beginning next week, Obama will be free to start scaling back U.S. sanctions to implement the agreement negotiated by Iran, the U.S. and five other world powers. The accord aims to constrain Iran's nuclear ambitions in exchange for hundreds of billions of dollars in relief from international sanctions.

"We have one goal in mind, shared by many nations around the world: to stop Iran from developing a nuclear weapon," said Sen. Dick Durbin of Illinois, the No. 2 Senate Democrat. "I believe this agreement comes as close to achieving that as we can hope for at this moment."

Click through to see a list of Democrats who opposed the deal:

Democrats who oppose the Iran deal
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Iran nuclear deal survives: Democrats block disapproval vote
UNITED STATES - August 4: Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., arrives for a news conference after the Senate Policy luncheons in the Capitol, Tuesday, August 4, 2015. (Photo By Al Drago/CQ Roll Call)
Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., center, with Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo., right, and Office of Management and Budget Director Shaun Donovan, left, speaks to reporters during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, March 12, 2015, urging Congressional Republicans to support sequestration relief in the upcoming budget. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)
Ranking Member Rep. Eliot Engel before a House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing in Washington, Tuesday, July 28, 2015, on the Obama administration's case for the Iran Nuclear Agreement. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
From left, the House Foreign Affairs Committee's ranking member Rep. Eliot Engel, D-N.Y, Secretary of State John Kerry, Committee Chairman Rep. Ed Royce, R-Calif., and Treasury Secretary of Treasury Jacob Lew, arrive on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, July 28, 2015, for the committee's hearing on the Iran Nuclear Agreement. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
FILE - In this March 25, 2015 file photo, Rep. Steve Israel, D-N.Y. speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik, File)
UNITED STATES - JULY 15: Rep. Steve Israel, D-N.Y., leaves a meeting with House Democrats in the Capitol Visitor Center that featured a visit by Vice President Joe Biden, July 15, 2015. Biden was on the Hill to brief members on the nuclear deal with Iran. (Photo By Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call)
UNITED STATES - APRIL 22: Rep. Ted Deutch, D-Fla., conducts a news conference in the Capitol Visitor Center to introduce the Democracy Task Force that will help reduce the influence of money in politics and provide reforms to bring transparency to campaign finance and election laws, April 22, 2015. (Photo By Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call)
UNITED STATES - FEBRUARY 3: Rep. Ted Deutch, D-Fla., speaks with Roll Call in his office in the Rayburn House Office Building on Tuesday, Feb. 3, 2015. (Photo By Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call)
Rep. Nita Lowey, D-N.Y., the ranking member of the House Appropriations Committee, joined at right by Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., the ranking member of the House Budget Committee, discusses the unfinished work of Congress and the struggle for Republican and Democratic budget negotiators to reach a compromise, at a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Dec. 5, 2013. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
Rep. Nita Lowey, D-N.Y., ranking member of the House subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs, questions US Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah, on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, April 8, 2014.(AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Frustrated Republicans railed against Democrats for using a procedural vote to block final passage of the disapproval resolution, and issued grim warnings about a deal they contend could serve only to enrich Tehran and leave it closer to building a bomb when constraints begin to ease in 10 or 15 years.

"To my Democratic friends: You own this. You own every `I' and every `T' and every bullet, and you own everything that is to follow," said Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C. "And it's going to be holy hell."

In the House, Republicans had not given up on blocking the deal against all odds. After backtracking on plans to vote on the disapproval resolution when it began to look short of support in the Senate, House Republicans lined up votes on several related measures.

Late Thursday they expected to pass a measure specifying that Obama had not properly submitted all documents related to the accord for Congress' review, and therefore a 60-day review clock had not really started.

That would be followed Friday by votes on a bill to approve the accord - which is doomed to fail, but Republicans want to force Democrats to go on record in favor of the agreement - and on a measure preventing Obama from lifting congressionally mandated sanctions on Iran.

"This debate is far from over, and frankly, it's just beginning," said House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio. "This is a bad deal with decades-long consequences for the security of the American people and our allies. And we'll use every tool at our disposal to stop, slow, and delay this agreement."

Some House Republicans, buoyed by a favorable ruling this week in a lawsuit they filed over Obama's health care law, have begun suggesting a lawsuit to stop the accord. Boehner called that "an option that is very possible."

Yet the House Republican maneuvers seemed to have little chance of bearing results, and White House officials sarcastically branded them the "Tortilla Coast Gambit," a reference to a Capitol Hill restaurant where tea party lawmakers plan their moves. Even before the Senate voted, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest was boasting of the administration's success.

"Look, if we were sitting here just a month ago, back in mid-August, talking about how things would be resolved in Congress ... and I told you that neither house of Congress would pass a resolution of disapproval for this agreement, you'd be shocked," Earnest said. "That's an indication of the kind of progress that we've made."

In fact, opponents never had much chance of blocking the deal on Capitol Hill, partly because of a complicated congressional review process that gave unusual power to Democratic minorities in the House and Senate who could secure a win for Obama simply by upholding his veto of a disapproval resolution. Yet it was widely expected in the days after the nuclear deal was signed July 14 that Obama would have to use his veto pen.

Despite poll numbers showing significant public concern about the agreement, opposition never seemed to catch fire among Democrats or voters over the summer. In the end, instead of registering unified opposition to the deal, congressional Republicans turned the debate into the latest occasion for infighting within the party and between the House and Senate.

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