Why fruit is smaller this year

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Fruit Is Smaller This Year

This summer, fruit is a little bit smaller -- and probably tastes a bit better, too.

The ongoing drought in California, now in its fourth year, is partially to blame forsmaller peaches, mangoes and plums. Irrigation restrictions are forcing farmers to use substantially less water than usual, sometimes up to 20 to 30 percent less than in years past.

Less water means smaller fruit.

The winter, which was particularly short and warm, was likely a determinative factor when accounting for this year's runt crop and its increased sweetness.

The size of most of America's fruit is set within the first few weeks of growth, and this time it went through its developmental stages much faster than usual.

Kevin Day, a pomologist who has studied tree fruit for over 30 years, put it this way, "The pumps that pump sugar later in the season run at the same rate no matter how big the fruit is...[and] instead of filling a big reservoir, they're filling asmaller reservoir, so naturally the fruit tastes sweeter."

Unfortunately, increased sweetness isn't translating into better sales. Many farmers are losing money because shoppers apparently prefer the aesthetic feel of larger fruit.

See startling aerial photos of the drought in California:
14 PHOTOS
California drought aerial images
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Why fruit is smaller this year
RANCHO SANTA FE, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in Rancho Santa Fe, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
SAN DIEGO, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in San Diego, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
RAMONA, CA-APRIL 4TH: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in Ramona, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
SAN DIEGO, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in San Diego, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
CARLSBAD, CA-APRIL 4TH: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in Carlsbad, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
SAN DIEGO, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in San Diego, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
SAN DIEGO, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in San Diego, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
RANCHO SANTA FE, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in Rancho Santa Fe, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
RANCHO SANTA FE, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in Rancho Santa Fe, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
RANCHO SANTA FE, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in Rancho Santa Fe, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
SAN DIEGO, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in San Diego, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
SAN DIEGO, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in San Diego, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
RANCHO SANTA FE, CA - APRIL 04: Aerial view overlooking landscaping on April 4, 2015 in Rancho Santa Fe, California. Gov. Jerry Brown has demanded a 25 percent cut in urban water useage due to a severe drought affecting much of California and the West. Everyone from Campuses, golf courses and other industrial and recreational facilities, as well as personal, home useage are specifically targeted.(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
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